Hair Studio Words & Definitions

Hello, in case your wondering, this page is for the education of Salons.

I will attempt  to use English terms for the hair cutting and beautician professionals so they can perhaps at some later date, understand and communicate those to their English clients and also understand their clients when asked to have a hair cut, taper or trim.

Here are the names of the people who perform the profession.

Barber
Beautician
Stylist

The terms for a basic hair cut as I know them

May I have a hair cut please?            definition: This would be a standard hair cut
Can you Trim around the ears?             definition: This means to take a little hair off the side of the head around the ears so it doesn't touch.
I would like you to Taper the sides please.        definition: This means to make the hair cut shape the head so it looks like a light bulb.

Then there are the terms:

Shape - Is to give a cut that is something other than standard
Style - This is a cut that has a certain look that you would find in one of your books that show the styles.

Tint - means to make small parts of the hair a different color
Highlight - means to make the parts of the hair that would appear to be under the rays of the sun look lighter in color.
Dye - This would completely color all the person's hair either the same color or a different color.

Blow dry - Using an electric blow dryer to dry the hair.
Dry naturally - Allowing the hair to dry without any assistance.
Comb - To use a comb to comb the hair.

Brush - The hair is brushed by several forms of brushes, what ever is chosen.
Curl - To set the hair using an electric curling iron.

Permanent - To curl the hair in several ways using curlers both tiny, small, medium sized and big. A solution is used that keeps your hair curled for about 3 months.

Partial Perm. - Same as above, but not all of the hair.


Beveled Cut - 
Holding the shears at an angle to the hair strand other than 90 degrees.
Blunt Cut - 
Cutting the hair straight across the strand. Lengths of hair all come to one hanging level, forming a weight line or area.
Elevation -
Angle at which the hair is held away from the head for cutting.

Graduated -
The graduated shape, or wedge, has a stacked area around the exterior and is cut at low to medium elevations.
Guide -
Section of hair that determines the length the hair will be cut. A guide can be at the perimeter or in the interior of the cut.
Layering -
Graduated effect achieved by cutting the hair with elevation or over direction. Each subsequent subsection is slightly shorter than the guide when allowed to fall naturally.

Notching or Pointing -
Cutting with the points of the shears to create texture in the hair ends.
Parting -
Subdivision of a section, used for control when cutting.
Sections -
Divisions of the hair made before cutting.

Tension -
How tightly the hair is pulled when cutting.
Undercutting -
Cutting the hair with the head held in a forward position so that each parting is cut slightly longer than the previous parting to encourage the hair to curl under.
Weight Line -
Level at which a blunt cut falls; where the ends of the hair hang together.

Bangs - The part of the hair cut and styled to hang on the forehead. It is also referred to as fringe. The bangs can be cut in a variety of styles and can be textured in many ways as well.
Bob - The bob cut refers to any haircut that ends in a blunt line. Typically, a bob cut is shorter in length - between earlobe and chin length. It is a classic style (originating in the 1920s) that has many variations. The bob hairstyle may be angled in any direction, and may or may not include bangs. Its defining feature is the clear clean line at the ends of the hair.
 
Cutting Line - The term cutting line refers to the actual line along which the ends of the hair are cut. A vertical cutting line creates layers. The angle of the cutting line determines how close the layers look in the finished haircut.
Devilock - The devilock haircut features short hair in the back and sides of the head with long hair in the front. This style can include very short tapered hair on the sides and back or slightly longer layered cutting, but will always be longer in the front.
 
Fringe Area - The fringe area is often referred to as the bangs. It is the area at the front of the head above the forehead. The fringe area usually extends no further than the outer corners of the eyes.
Mullet - A hairstyle originating and made popular in the early 1980s, the mullet is a hairstyle where the hair on the top and sides of the head is cut in short layers and the back is left long. The transition from short to long can be smoothly blended or very clearly defined. The lengths of the different areas can vary greatly, but will always clearly be longer in the back than on the top and sides.
 
Part - The part is the point at which a hairstyle is divided and, generally, the hair moves in different directions. Most heads will have a natural part that is found by brushing the hair straight back from the face and allowing it to fall naturally.
Pixie Cut - The term pixie cut refers to a variety of short layered haircuts. It is also referred to as an 'elfin' cut. The pixie style is cut over the ears and may include wispy bangs. It also may or may not have longer hair on the top of the head. The defining feature of a pixie cut is close-cropped layers that frame the face and lie close on the sides and back of the head. The style originated in the sixties with models like Twiggy, and actresses like Mia Farrow in 'Rosemary's Baby'. Stylist Vidal Sassoon is credited with popularizing the style in its early variations.
 
Page Boy - A page boy haircut is a typically shoulder-length or slightly shorter in back and on the sides. The style typically includes bangs on the forehead, is cut below the ears, and may include some layers, but only enough to ensure a clean simple style.
Purdey (Purdy) - A hairstyle made popular by actress Joanna Lumley in British televisions', 'The New Avengers'. The Purdey hairstyle is a blunt cut, almost bowl shaped, with a cut line that angles along the sides to the nape of the neck. The cut line of the style is slightly tapered to curve inward toward the head and give a smooth look to the finished style. It is also sometimes referred to as a Mop-top.

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