Iraq and Iran

The 32-year-old documents reveal "overlook" Britain for Iraqi chemical weapons industry
07/03/2015 18:53

Long-Presse / Baghdad

Revealed the well-known British newspaper, on Friday, all documents belonging to the eighties of the last century delayed through which the British government any action to prevent Iraq from obtaining chemical weapons Despite the flag, and as showed that "overlook" London is due to the presence of British experts participated care of the transactions by letters from Ambassador The British then to Baghdad, confirmed the death of nearly 20 thousand Iranian by the use of mustard gas agents during the Iraq - Iran war and the suffering of many currently neighborhoods of factors succumbed to poison gas pulmonary diseases.

The Guardian newspaper in a report seen by the (long-Presse), "The documents recently leaked from the British National Archives in Kew West London issued by the British Foreign Office in 1983 revealed that the British government has delayed taking any action to prevent Iraq from obtaining chemical weapons for some reason It is a key that British experts were involved business transaction related to this project. "

He said the newspaper that "those secret documents older than 32 years on the layered Iraqi chemical weapons showed that even before Iraq starts using poison gas on a large scale to repel Iranian attacks, the British diplomats were aware of the program technological secret to Baghdad, and they were confused between to intervene to prevent the program or not. "

The Guardian revealed that "in 1983 during the height of the Iran-Iraq war sent the British ambassador to Iraq, Sir John Moprli telegram to the British Foreign and Commonwealth Affairs of the Department of Military Intelligence included information on the manufacture and use of mustard gas by the Iraqi army."

The newspaper quoted Sir Moprli in his telegram as saying that "Ware Bamps British Somdat Blders Indian Contracting, which is working to build a factory for the manufacture of pesticides in Samarra, a number of devices and engines pumping produced by the company" has been equipped, noting that "attempts ware Bamps company to reveal technical information about the project it has failed. "

He Moprli "I barely to be very uncertain of that part of the provision for the pesticide industry Samarra plant insecticides may also be used for the production of materials involved in chemical weapons industry, including the manufacture of mustard gas."

The newspaper pointed out that "section to control the circulation of arms of the British Foreign Office declined to impose restrictions on the British company's exports, and has been a long memorandum have been taken into consideration to intervene in this matter that you would be appropriate or desirable at a time when Iraq was in it under the rule of Saddam Hussein nearest him to the West than it is Iran. "

The paper that "the internal telegram pointed to the lack of a system to prevent the spread of weapons prohibited chemical weapons, quoted Moprli saying" may be able to Britain for its part action limited to control exports but this will not result in anything good, either international action, it may lead to something effective may require evidence put forward publicly by us may be very slow, taking into consideration the fact that the Iraqi program in advanced stages of development, I am doubt the usefulness of taking any effective action. "

Quoting Ambassador in his message reported by the British newspaper that "Iraq is acting within his rights to obtain weapons as a deterrent, and whether it requires us to intervene? And that he would be breaking international law if it proved to be used for weapon chemical, and it would be better that Iran raises the issue that we We do so, "noting that" our position on arms exports chemical is not immune, we caution that there has to do with the factory worker related Bmps British firm ware which apparently it Samarra plant pumps supplied as dedicated to the manufacture of pesticides. "

According to the British Foreign Office document dated April 1983 that "the high-ranking diplomat had written that the United Kingdom not to take any action within the Security Council or the International Court of Justice, however, the British Foreign began on the other hand talking with its allies on this issue."

The newspaper added that "the telegram sent by the British Foreign Office to its embassy in Baghdad asking the mission work to slow or block the Iraqi ambitions in this area as much as possible, and in July of that year, British officials expressed dismay at the rejection of the US government disclosure of intelligence information indicating the fact that French and German companies to supply Iraq chemical substances. "

The newspaper indicated that "approximately of 20 000 Iranian may result of the use of mustard gas agents killed during the war and still a lot of neighborhoods suffering from lung disease Mtatar factors poison gas," indicating that "chemical weapons Charter, which prohibits the production, storage and use of chemical weapons did not enter into force Reduction in 1997, and was international outrage from Iraq's use of poison gas focal point in changing attitudes. "


Iran likely to start exporting gas to Iraq the end of June

Iran likely to start exporting gas to Iraq the end of June


Baghdad / term

Suggested the National Gas Company of Iran, on Saturday, to begin the export of Iranian gas to Iraq by the end of next June, while attributing the delay gas export schedule for a month for technical reasons, the oil ministry revealed high exported quantities of crude oil for the month of April rate to unprecedented levels , according to statistics of the Oil Marketing Company "Sumo".

The general director of the company Hamid Reza Iraqi in a press statement followed up (range Press), said his country is ready to export Iranian gas to Iraq within a month from now, "noting that" exports had fallen behind schedule for a month, because of final inspection on pipes measures.
He said Iraqis that "discussions are ongoing with Iraqi officials to determine how to receive wages gas source, the fact that his country's cautious in the way received the money, because of the economic sanctions," pointing out that "exports lag of Iraq has nothing to do political developments taking place in the country."
In a related context, the Ministry of Oil revealed high quantities exported from accruing for the month of April crude oil rate to unprecedented levels, according to final official statistics issued by the Iraqi Oil Marketing Company "Sumo," especially with the attainment of the sale of a barrel price to around $ 52. He said ministry spokesman Assem Jihad said in a statement received "long" a copy of "total quantities exported and the revenues generated for the month of April increased compared to last March, as total exports amounted to 92 million and 300 000 barrels, and total revenues amounted to four billion and 791 million dollars. "
Jihad said that "the amount of exports from southern ports in Basra reached 78 million and 800 000 barrels revenues amounted to four billion and $ 41 million, while the total amount of exported oil from the Turkish port of Ceyhan 13 million and 500 thousand barrels revenues amounted to $ 750 million," adding that "rate selling price of $ 51.9 a barrel. "
And the spokesman of the Ministry of Oil that "quantities have been downloaded by 32 international oil company carrying different nationalities from the ports of Basra and Khor al-Amaya and buoys unilateralism on the Gulf and Turkish port of Ceyhan."
He Jihad that "The oil ministry has made extraordinary efforts to increase its exports of crude oil as compensation for the days of disabled tanker loading due to bad weather from the southern ports," noting that "the ministry and through faith in informing the people on the export operations and revenue generated from it has taken this monthly measure" .
The engineering company Iranian gas, announced Tuesday (April 22, 2015) about the arrival of the completion of the gas pipeline ratio from Iran to Iraq to 75%, as indicated that they will begin to supply Iraq with natural gas over the next four months, confirmed that it will be issued after completion of the project five million cubic meters a day as a first stage, and predicted that the new exports generate revenues by $ 3.7 billion a year. "
Preliminary estimates indicate that Iraq possessed stockpiles estimated B112 trillion cubic feet of gas, but the 700 million cubic feet a day of it burned and wasted due to lack of infrastructure investment.
Iraq has suffered a shortage of electricity since the beginning of the year 1990, and increased hours of rationing power after 2003, in Baghdad and the provinces, because made a lot of stations as well as sabotage attacks on its facilities over the past years.





Iraq like a boiler set at fire

Iraq like a boiler set at fire
15 November 2012, 

Azerbaijan, Baku, Nov.15 / Trend /

Azer Ahmedbeyli, Trend analytical centre expert

In process of the current Middle East geopolitical revision Iraq is literally in the spotlight. Despite some semblance of stability in the country, Iraq is like a boiler under which the fire was set and is being maintained and which one day will explode. Further developments in the region and the fate of the country are greatly connected with the policy towards neighbouring countries. One must not forget that Iraq's real enemy is inside the country. It is the ethnic and religious split of Iraqi society. While this remains, Iraq will stay vulnerable and others will make use of it. There is unlikely any chance for Baghdad to remain a neutral observer of events or to engage in double dealing.

Iraq and the Gulf monarchies

Iraq's political convergence with the Gulf monarchies is declared as one of the strategic priorities for ensuring U.S. interests in the region and supporting the regional security in the report for the Senate Committee on Foreign Relations of what the U.S. Congress called 'The Gulf security architecture: partnership with the Cooperation Council' published in June this year.

The authors of the report advise the U.S. to pursue a policy of Iraq's gradual reintegration into the Arab fold which will take Baghdad out of Iran's influence.

Gulf countries are always wary of their neighbour as the dominant military power in the region. They always hope for external support in the event of a conflict or a war. As well, there was always some distance between them due to sectarian differences.

On the night of August 2, 1990, when Iraq occupied Kuwait and called it its ninth province, estrangement turned into hostility. Around 20 years have passed. The Iraqi regime has changed, but coldness and watchfulness remained. This was evident in March this year at the Arab League summit in Baghdad. Most heads of the Gulf States did not turn up, including the King of Saudi Arabia - the leading country in the Cooperation Council. The official excuse of non-participation was security reasons, although Baghdad then took unprecedented measures.

However, the U.S hopes that the visit of Kuwait's Emir to Iraq for the first time after the war and its involvement in the March summit will help solve the issues of border demarcation, war reparations and the disposition of missing Kuwaiti citizens. That is, it will create an opportunity for the general rapprochement of the parties and Iraq's presidency at the Arab League for the first time during 20 years to help turn its political course from Iran towards the countries of the Cooperation Council.

If one tries to describe relations between Iraq and the Arab Gulf countries in a word, 'estrangement' would be the most appropriate.

Iraq and Iran

Despite a long and bloody war recalled by the generations in both countries and despite existing differences, relations between the two countries are developing much more intensively and closely than with the Gulf monarchies. The religious identity between Shiite Iran and Iraq, where Shiites make up about 65 per cent of the population, is said to have been one of the main reasons.

Many questions, ready to become 'problems' between the two countries, are not inflated due to Iran and settled quietly without a hullabaloo. Iran's reaction to the recent case of a forced landing of its plane, flying to Syria, was much softer than the Russian reaction to Turkey's similar actions.

Iraq forced an Iranian aircraft to land after it received relevant instruction from the U.S. government. Iranian Foreign Ministry representative only said that one should not yield to the anti-Iranian sentiment of the Western countries and called on Iraq to be vigilant and not change its foreign policy in favour of the West's plans.

Some experts believe that the Shiite leadership in Iraq that came to power with the help of Iran does not flatter itself particularly on Iran's friendship and enjoys the Islamic republic's favour for strengthening its own power. Loyal Baghdad in turn, is a must for Iran in the current confrontation with the West. In other words the two countries at this historical stage support each other, based on the purely practical reasons. The religious factor is of not so much importance that is attributed to it.

There are many unresolved issues between the two countries. There is the delimitation of the disputed territories (the 1975 Algiers Agreement), and the disputed oil fields on the border of the two countries (Fekka oil region) and claims to the construction of dams by Iran on rivers flowing to Iraq, leading gradually to desertification of the eastern provinces of Iraq. There is also the issue of the activity of the People's Mojahedin Organisation of Iran in Iraq, engaged in subversive activities against the Islamic Republic. Recently, their main Camp Ashraf was closed and members of the organisation were moved to the Camp Liberty outskirts of Baghdad with a subsequent departure to a third country, but Iran insists on their arrest and arraignment.

However, economic relations are on the rise and in terms of trade turnover, Iran is the second trading partner (after Turkey) for Baghdad. This year according to the forecasts, the figure will hit $12-$15 billion - a record figure for the two countries.

Describing the relationship between the two countries, I would use the expression 'unadvertised alliance'.

Iraq and Syria

The current situation in Syria is fraught with continuous threats to the Baghdad administration. This is in the first place the impact of the Syrian opposition consisting of the Sunni, on changing the sectarian balance of power in Iraq and the possibility of undisguised drawing of Syrian and Iraqi Kurds together. Any of these factors could eventually shake the position of the current government and this is why Baghdad has nothing to do but to support the Assad regime, although it has formally declared it does not support any of the parties to the conflict.

Therefore, at the aforementioned conference of the League of Arab States Iraq rejected demand of the Gulf States on Assad's resignation as president and necessity of weapon supply to Syrian opposition. Therefore, Baghdad intensifies control on its border with Syria to curb the influence of external Sunni factor, including Iraq's Sunnis who fled to Syria over a period, in order to prevent its activation inside the country. Therefore, the Iraqi government provides financial support to the Syrian government.

It is difficult to assess the relationship between the two countries amid bloodshed in Syria and terror acts in Iraq, but today it is perhaps preservation of the status quo.

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