Iraq's Credit Worthiness

Foreign Currency and Local Currency Ratings

CI Ratings

International Issuer Credit Ratings: Foreign Currency and Local Currency

CI's international issuer credit ratings indicate the general creditworthiness of an entity (such as a bank, corporate or sovereign) and the likelihood that it will meet its financial obligations in a timely manner. Foreign currency ratings refer to an entity’s ability and willingness to meet its foreign currency denominated financial obligations as they come due. Foreign currency ratings take into account the likelihood of a government imposing restrictions on the conversion of local currency to foreign currency or on the transfer of foreign currency to residents and non-residents.

Local currency ratings are an opinion of an entity’s ability and willingness to meet all of its financial obligations on a timely basis, regardless of the currency in which those obligations are denominated and absent transfer and convertibility restrictions. Both foreign currency and local currency ratings are internationally comparable assessments.

Foreign and local currency ratings take into account the economic, financial and country risks that may affect creditworthiness, as well as the likelihood that an entity would receive external support in the event of financial difficulties.

Ratings assigned to banks and corporates are generally not higher than the ratings assigned by CI to the relevant sovereign government. However, it may be possible for an issuer with particular strengths and attributes such as inherent financial strength, geographically diversified cash flow, substantial foreign assets, and guaranteed external support, to be rated above the sovereign.

CI may assign either a public rating or an internal ‘shadow’ rating to the sovereign. Shadow sovereign ratings are not intended for publication and are used to ensure that sovereign risk factors are adequately reflected in the ratings of non-sovereign issuers.

The following rating scale applies to both foreign currency and local currency ratings. Short-term ratings assess the time period up to one year.

Long-Term Issuer Ratings

Investment Grade
AAA The highest credit quality. Exceptional capacity for timely fulfilment of financial obligations and most unlikely to be affected by any foreseeable adversity. Extremely strong financial condition and very positive non-financial factors.
AA Very high credit quality. Very strong capacity for timely fulfilment of financial obligations. Unlikely to have repayment problems over the long term and unquestioned over the short and medium terms. Adverse changes in business, economic and financial conditions are unlikely to affect the institution significantly.
A High credit quality. Strong capacity for timely fulfilment of financial obligations. Possesses many favourable credit characteristics but may be slightly vulnerable to adverse changes in business, economic and financial conditions.
BBB Good credit quality. Satisfactory capacity for timely fulfilment of financial obligations. Acceptable credit characteristics but some vulnerability to adverse changes in business, economic and financial conditions. Medium grade credit characteristics and the lowest investment grade category.
Speculative Grade
BB Speculative credit quality. Capacity for timely fulfilment of financial obligations is vulnerable to adverse changes in internal or external circumstances. Financial and/or non-financial factors do not provide significant safeguard and the possibility of investment risk may develop.
B Significant credit risk. Capacity for timely fulfilment of financial obligations is very vulnerable to adverse changes in internal or external circumstances. Financial and/or non-financial factors provide weak protection; high probability for investment risk exists.
C Substantial credit risk is apparent and the likelihood of default is high. Considerable uncertainty as to the timely repayment of financial obligations. Credit is of poor standing with financial and/or non-financial factors providing little protection.
RS Regulatory supervision (this rating is assigned to financial institutions only). The obligor is under the regulatory supervision of the authorities due to its weak financial condition. The likelihood of default is extremely high without continued external support.
SD Selective default. The obligor has failed to service one or more financial obligations but CI believes that the default will be restricted in scope and that the obligor will continue honouring other financial commitments in a timely manner.
D The obligor has defaulted on all, or nearly all, of its financial obligations.

Short-Term Issuer Ratings

Investment Grade
A1 Superior credit quality. Highest capacity for timely repayment of short-term financial obligations that is extremely unlikely to be affected by unexpected adversities. Institutions with a particularly strong credit profile have a “+” affixed to the rating.
A2 Very strong capacity for timely repayment but may be affected slightly by unexpected adversities.
A3 Strong capacity for timely repayment that may be affected by unexpected adversities.
Speculative Grade
B Adequate capacity for timely repayment that could be seriously affected by unexpected adversities.
C Inadequate capacity for timely repayment if unexpected adversities are encountered in the short term.
RS Regulatory supervision (this rating is assigned to financial institutions only). The obligor is under the regulatory supervision of the authorities due to its weak financial condition. The likelihood of default is extremely high without continued external support.
SD Selective default. The obligor has failed to service one or more financial obligations but CI believes that the default will be restricted in scope and that the obligor will continue honouring other financial commitments in a timely manner.
D The obligor has defaulted on all, or nearly all, of its financial obligations.

 

Capital Intelligence appends "+" and "-" signs to foreign and local currency long term ratings in the categories from "AA" to "C" to indicate that the strength of a particular rated entity is, respectively, slightly greater or less than that of similarly rated peers.

Outlook - expectations of improvement, no change or deterioration in a bank or corporate rating over the 12 months following its publication are denoted Positive, Stable or Negative. The time horizon for a sovereign rating outlook is longer, at 12-24 months.

http://www.ciratings.com/page/rating-definitions/foreign-local-currency-ratings


July 10th 2015  Rev - 1

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