Iraq's Shame archive

Eugene Robinson: Chasing miracles in Iraq

By Eugene Robinson

Posted:   05/21/2015 05:00:00 PM PDT

WASHINGTON -- If Iraqis won't fight for their nation's survival, why on earth should we?

This is the question posed by the fall of Ramadi, which revealed the emptiness at the core of U.S. policy. President Barack Obama's critics are missing the point: Ultimately, it doesn't matter how many troops he sends back to Iraq or whether their footwear happens to touch the ground. The simple truth is that if Iraqis will not join together to fight for a united and peaceful country, there will be continuing conflict and chaos that potentially threaten American interests.
We should be debating how best to contain and minimize the threat. Further escalating the U.S. military role, I would argue, will almost surely lead to a quagmire that makes us no more secure. If the choice is go big or go home, we should pick the latter.
The Islamic State was supposed to be reeling from U.S.-led airstrikes. Yet the group was able to capture Ramadi, the capital of Anbar province, and is now consolidating control over that strategically important city. Once Islamic State fighters are fully dug in, it will be hard to pry them out.
Among the images from Sunday's fighting, what stood out was video footage of Iraqi soldiers on the move -- speeding not toward the battle but in the opposite direction. It didn't look like any kind of tactical retreat. It looked like pedal-to-the-metal flight.
These were widely described as members of the Iraqi army's "elite" units.
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In their haste, Iraqi forces left behind U.S.-supplied tanks, artillery pieces, armored personnel carriers and Humvees. Most of the equipment is believed to be in working order and all of it now belongs to the Islamic State. The same thing has happened when other government positions have been overrun; in effect, we have helped to arm the enemy.
Obama pledged to "degrade and ultimately destroy" the Islamic State. His strategy is to use U.S. air power to keep the jihadists at bay, while U.S. advisers provide the Iraqi military with the training it needs to recapture the territory the Islamic State holds.

But this is a triumph of hope over experience. The United States spent the better part of a decade training the Iraqi armed forces, and witness the result: an army that can't or won't fight. The government in Baghdad, dominated by the Shiite majority, balks at giving Sunni tribal leaders the weapons necessary to resist the Islamic State. Kurdish regional forces, which are motivated and capable, have their own part of the country to defend.

If the Islamic State is to be driven out of Ramadi, the job will be done not by the regular army but by powerful Shiite militia units that are armed, trained and in some cases led by Iran. The day may soon come when an Iranian general, orchestrating an advance into the city, calls in an American airstrike for support.

The logical result of Obama's policy -- which amounts to a kind of warfare-lite -- is mission creep and gradual escalation. Send in a few more troops. Allow them to go on patrols with the Iraqis. Let them lead by example. Send in a few more. You might recognize this road; it can lead to another Vietnam.

What are the alternatives? One would be to resurrect Colin Powell's doctrine of overwhelming force: Send in enough troops to drive the Islamic State out of Iraq once and for all. We conquered and occupied the country once, we could do it again.

But the Islamic State would still hold substantial territory in Syria -- and thus present basically the same threat as now. If our aim is really to "destroy" the group, as Obama says, then we would have to wade into the Syrian civil war. Could we end up fighting arm-in-arm with dictator Bashar al-Assad, as we now fight alongside his friends the Iranians? Or, since Obama's policy is that Assad must go, would we have to occupy that country, too, and take on another project of nation-building? This path leads from bad to worse and has no apparent end.

The other choice is to pull back. This strikes me as the worst course of action -- except for all the rest.

The unfortunate fact is that U.S. policymakers want an intact, pluralistic, democratic Iraq more than many Iraqis do. Until this changes, our policy goal has to be modest: Contain the Islamic State from afar and target the group's leadership, perhaps with drone attacks.

Or we can keep chasing mirages and hoping for miracles.

Eugene Robinson is a Washington Post columnist.

http://www.mercurynews.com/opinion/ci_28162475/eugene-robinson-chasing-miracles-iraq?source=rss

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Monday 20  2015 | 07:08
|Thirty widow and bereaved: This is what the legacy of war in the west of the village of Hilla

Babylon / .. a small town on the road connecting the province of Babylon, Karbala, town (Sid Ahmed) pale whole areas that lack the most basic services, but distinctive colors and the large black gowns.

Asphalt village 30 a martyr by the war on al Daash, a number of fantastically for the village does not have the only street alone, one minaret commented on a few banners for obituary martyrs that's what makes you confuse and whether or not to ratify the case logged in the late region of the world and see the mothers of the martyrs landmarks and their spouses.

Sitting mother Martyr dressed in black (or Dia) on the threshold of the door of her home every evening scarring her son, who was killed in the massacre of Spyker, this daily scene pushes you to believe that it nun village, Grief never depart her face, waiting has become an important part of her life part, but it is not waiting to die as I knew the nuns, but waiting for "dead" as long yearned to see him in a car and livery adorned with an official.

Says (authentic) or Zia of the six decades that "her son the other (Baha) cited by Zia seven years when he was going to his work won him a fragment of a car bomb exploded by a terrorist at a gathering of workers, including (Baha)."

And, she says, "(This is the second one calls them to me)."

It adds the bereaved Speaking with a reporter, "appointed Iraq News", "The son of the martyr II (Zia) went to meet the call reference and join the popular crowd, as part of its commitment to himself and his religion," indicating that he "left the morning when asked to boil tea again because was not hot enough. "

And describes the tone of voice are almost Garmesmuah that he was alive with the Mujahideen, waiting for his face on television to show off women of the village by: (This Dia), "At the same time controlled despair on her face slowly, even permissible nor hear her voice.

As is the case with most of the women Amiqat experience in grief and war, and found a lady from similar hurts, neighbor after four houses, lost her son (Ahmed) in the same war, but in the rock cliff, it seems less of the anguish of a little bit of her opponent (or Dia), as it was able to to get his body to bury him and build a place of pilgrimage, which praise and thanks for clemency signed.

Consoles (Um Dia) neighbor, saying he was "a son who bargained for the neighborhood girls, and proud of his mother, a mild-mannered morality did not know is the workplace and home," hidden what you know, "and speaks for the people of the village is gone, who do not return it."

And ask the reporter "was appointed Iraq News", "mediates its relations to find a party to find out who the thread on the body, they are elderly woman no longer want something from the pleasures of life, but that her son", sticking to simple way of interpretation, which sees all this strange influence.

Explaining, "I own a mobile phone is that you can call in case found any information," Mania between the desire to ratify and suspicion.

Mania may haunt more moms Iraqi women in the same moment, whether southern deposited her son unpack the war, or displaced Anparia holds her child over her neck as she stands on the walls of the city of course, but in the last reality is believable, and imagination as possible, it is incredible that a terrorist organization killed 6,000 citizens During the year, and abandoned 90 alpha others can not deny that the loss or Zia for her two children, regardless of the degree of optimism.

https://translate.google.com/translate?sl=ar&tl=en&js=y&prev=_t&hl=en&ie=UTF-8&u=aynaliraqnews.com&edit-text=

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Daash steal nearly trillion dinars of Tal Afar

December 20, 2014

Nineveh / newspaper probity - MP said Mohammad Taqi al-Mawla Nineveh province, said that the terrorist gangs Daash quoted sums estimated Petrleon dinars from Tal Afar to Syria, as well as three thousand head of cattle.

Sire explained that "all the people of Tal Afar have been displaced from the judiciary was left with only Aldoaash."

The MP said Salahuddin province Karim Shaalan last month, if used Daash

Salahuddin province to smuggle large amounts of money and livestock to Syria and Turkey.

Sire and pointed out that "families money stolen from terrorist gangs Daash estimated at more than

Trillion dinars smuggled into Syria as well as the confiscation of all livestock. "

He recommended some of Representatives earlier, the government sent a military aircraft between Iraq, Syria, Jordan, Saudi Arabia and Kuwait border to prevent the entry of terrorists and weapons and ammunition to Alarac.anthy 4

http://translate.googleusercontent.com/translate_c?depth=1&hl=en&rurl=translate.google.com&sl=ar&tl=en&u=http://alestiqama.com/%3Fp%3D140491&usg=ALkJrhiONTlsQRiw8BGLJidIIDcIf4texA

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Stuffing money in the mattress: Why Iraqi’s refuse to use Iraqi banks

Posted: March 22, 2014 in Iraqi Dinar/Politics
Iraq’s banking system is notoriously unstable, competitive, unsecure and riven by political infighting. MPs say they’re trying to improve the banking system but in the meantime, locals are still keeping cash in a box under the bed

Iraq’s banking system is notoriously unstable, competitive, unsecure and riven by political infighting. MPs say they’re trying to improve the banking system but in the meantime, locals are still keeping cash in a box under the bed

Saleh Majid owns an electrical supplies shop in Baghdad’s busy Shorja market area. And every day after the close of business, he takes all the money he has made that day home with him; he won’t deposit it in any Iraqi bank.

This is because Majid had been a customer of Iraq’s Warka Bank for Investment and Finance, the country’s largest privately owned bank. In early 2012, the Warka Bank was declared insolvent by Iraq’s Central Bank and placed under management appointed by the Central Bank.
“When the bank loses its capital, fails in its financial operation and faces an unsolved problem, the Central Bank according to its law, intervenes as a guardian and appoints a new temporary administration to run this bank,” the deputy governor of the Central Bank, Mudher Saleh Kasim, told news agency Reuters at the time.

Unfortunately for customers like Majid, this meant they lost money. Majid was only able to get about 20 percent of his savings back.

The situation was a fraught one: some bankers accused the Iraqi government of manufacturing excuses to attack Warka Bank because the success of the private bank was threatening business done by state-owned banks.

People are reluctant to deposit money in Iraqi banks for several reasons, says deputy Minister of Finance, Fazil Nabi, who actually recently submitted his resignation due to unresolved issues between Baghdad and semi-autonomous region of Iraqi Kurdistan.

“Some banks are bankrupt,” Nabi explains. “And there has also been a rash of armed robberies targeting state-owned banks. All this makes the people of Baghdad reluctant to deposit their money with local banks.”

Khalid al-Wasiti, a university professor, doesn’t have a particularly positive story to tell either. Al-Wasiti wanted to deposit his money with a bank because of a high rate of robbery in the area in which he lived in Baghdad. He deposited his cash at one of Iraq’s two major state banks – these are Rafidain and Rashid – in the hopes that his money would be safer in a state-owned and operated enterprise.

“So I deposited my money but when I went back three months later I discovered that the bank clerk had left a zero off the
deposit slip,” al-Wasiti explained. “He had written 3 million dinars [US$2,500] instead of 30 million. It took months to get that money back, and I only got it back once the bank had done major accounting and found a surplus.”

According to the Iraqi Central Bank’s website, the country has 23 privately owned banks, seven government-owned banks and nine Islamic banks, as well as around 16 foreign banks, to choose from.

To try and resolve some of locals’ issues with local banks, the Iraqi parliament’s committee on finance says it is planning a law to protect deposits.

“Besides financial stability, we’re also trying to improve the performance of Iraqi banks, both private and state-owned,” MP Majida al-Tamimi, a member of the committee, told NIQASH. “If we can enact this law, then citizens will start to trust their banks more. They’ll have the courage to deposit their money there and to invest in projects the banks support, in order to earn interest or profit.”

“Most of the privately-owned banks welcome the committee’s suggestions,” says Muslih al-Waeli, of the privately owned North bank of Iraq. Waeli also suggests that the government create some kind of organisation that would be able to secure locals’ bank deposits.

“Addressing the Iraqi peoples’ reluctance to deposit their money into local banks is an issue that needs to be dealt with in a transparent and professional manner,” says local financial analyst, Sabri al-Khalidi. “It is the government’s responsibility and this must be done so that it facilitates financial and economic progress in Iraq.”

It remains clear though that Iraq’s banking sector still leaves a lot to be desired. In March of 2013, a delegation from the International Monetary Fund, or IMF, met with representatives from the Ministry of Finance and the banking sector.

“Developing a stronger financial sector development will require moving away from the current model in which weak state-owned banks dominate the financial sector and enjoy favourable treatment vis-a-vis private banks,” a press release issued by the IMF after the meetings, said. “Financial sector policies are improving, but more remains to be done. A solid banking system that can support growth and employment will require the full financial and operational restructuring of state-owned banks and creating a level playing field for both private and public banks.”

http://bit.ly/1gUvzEk

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Government report: More than 6 million of Iraq's population below the poverty line increased by more than 18%
Saturday, August 24 / August 2013 15:01

b_280_189_16777215_0___images_idoblog_upload_89_93af67025f42281fa83438662ad509b5.jpg

[Baghdad - where]

The Ministry of Human Rights said more than six million of Iraq's population is under the poverty line.

According to a ministry statement received by all of Iraq [where] a copy of it on Saturday that "the National Centre for Human Rights in the Ministry of Human Rights prepared a report addressing the average spending per capita monthly and severity of poverty in Iraq, according to the environment and the extent of the disparity between the provinces in addition to the dimensions of the main poverty-related unemployment and illiteracy, and at the direction of human rights minister Mohammed Xiaa Sudanese. "

The statement added that "the ministry report noted that the [Iraq is a country rich oil resources, but the level of spending per capita is low compared to neighboring countries] and [that Statistics indicate that [18.9%] of Iraq's population are below the poverty line and has a population of poor [6.4] million people, especially among the rural population. "

The statement continued that the report identified a number of targets and proposals that help alleviate the poverty of which [the inclusion of intermediate compulsory education along the lines of civilized states to raise the enrollment rate for males and females. "

The report called for the Ministry of Human Rights to "strengthen the role of the ministry in the reduction of poverty in Iraq by contributing to the monitoring and follow-up and evaluation of the government's performance for the various fields related to human rights," the report also pointed to "the need to provide support for those unable to work such as people with disabilities and orphans children and widows through a network of social protection of the Ministry of Labour and Social Affairs and humanitarian organizations in collaboration with the Ministry of Human Rights, as well as the preparation of draft laws include respect for human rights in line with the provisions of the Iraqi constitution and international conventions acceded to by Iraq to develop cooperation with international organizations and donor countries for the purpose of supporting the human rights at all levels and to benefit the physical, technical and accumulated experience in this area. "

The Iraqi government launched in early 2010 of a national strategy for poverty alleviation in the country, noting that the rate has reached 23% of the population of 30 million, the equivalent of about 7 million Iraqis are currently living below the poverty line. Strategy was developed with technical support from the World Bank, which is the first official government effort to measure poverty and build a strategy to mitigate it. Ended.

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Commenting on the chest bombings: Maliki fallen and with the countdown has begun for his government
21-07-2013 | (Voice of Iraq)

Twilight News

Said the cleric Moqtada al-Sadr, Sunday, Prime Minister Nuri al-Maliki, "landed in his hand" and that in the deadliest attack several weeks ago, and pointed out that the government is now in the "countdown" to them.

The chest was commenting on the bombings Saturday that left dozens of people dead in the worst day in Baghdad in the month of Ramadan, especially the time of the evening.

He called al-Sadr said in a statement reported for "Twilight News" Iraqis "rise up and demand the resignation of the government led by (Prime Minister), who fell in his hand but his chair, and with him."

Sadr stressed he would "not giving the current government is not a hundred days or even less than that, and the government is now in the final countdown."

"I do not see today, but applied no more than silence or condemnation votes shy not feed hungry mouths does not provide for any Iraqi security or peace."

He pointed out that "Kirkuk suffering as suffering Baghdad and the provinces of the center and south and the north has become vulnerable to bomb attacks and bombings, assassinations, play militias Bmekdradtha and the government is not moving and not one iota not saying a word."

He said he wants to claim the rights of the people "but what is the use if the people do not demand, there is no protests against the looting and security deficiency, in protests against looting rights, but rarely."

Sadr concluded his speech by saying "if people happened to him what happened to us rose up and demanded the resignation of the government led by Prime Minister, who fell in his hand but his chair, and with him."

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Currency Class War: Damaged Dinar Notes

Posted on 09 July 2013. Tags:

Currency Class War: Damaged Dinar Notes

By Waheed Ghanim.

This article was originally published by Niqash. Any opinions expressed are those of the author, and do not necessarily reflect the views of Iraq Business News.

Currency Class War: Damaged Dinar Notes result in Bribery, Injustice

Exchange shops, bank cashiers and savvy housewives are doing big business as they deal with Iraq’s dodgy, damaged, low-denomination notes – for a price. The losers? Pensioners and low-income earners who end up with cash they can barely use.

Every two months Makiya, a 65-year-old Iraqi woman, travels a long way to pick up her pension in cash. She lives 40 kilometres out of Basra and the journey is a difficult one for her. And then to her chagrin, whenever she gets her pension, it mostly comes in low-denomination notes that are damaged, torn or otherwise destroyed.

“The people who come to collect their pensions are not treated the same way as others,” Makiya complains. “To get clean, undamaged bank notes you have to pay the bankers a bribe.”

Additionally Makiya says that if anybody complains about the IQD3,000 that is usually deducted from the payments by the bankers –a service fee taken for no apparent reason, she says – they are punished by being given even more of the damaged or distressed banknotes.

“And then when you get the damaged bank notes you can’t do anything with them because nobody accepts this money,” Makiya says.

The descriptions “talef” and “naqes” are often used by people like Makiya when they talk about money. Respectively the words mean damaged and missing and are terms used to describe the smaller notes – the IQD1,000 notes and the half and quarter dinar notes – that those who can’t afford to pay for better, bigger banknotes end up with.

And there’s big business being done around the damaged bank notes in Iraq. Yousef Nafea has an exchange shop in Basra’s central Ashar market and he’s well known for his proficiency at fixing the damaged notes; he says he mostly uses transparent sellotape and that he heats it slightly to make the repairs invisible. Visiting him, one immediately notices the piles of notes on his desk.

“I fix the damaged one, half and quarter dinar banknotes and sometimes I fix the hundred and the IQD1,000 banknotes too,” he explains. “If I am asked to fix the US$100 note then I have to take great care. Fixing these notes requires that the tape is cut in a special way so it doesn’t look like the bank note was damaged at all.”

This kind of repair business is also done by local housewives. Rabab Hussein is one of them and she says she uses sellotape and clear nail polish. “The bank notes are often not only damaged, they are also dirty,” Hussein says. “And they’re ugly. And they’re not good quality, which is why they get damaged so easily,” she concludes.

After the 2003 US-led invasion of Iraq that toppled Saddam Hussein’s government, new currency was introduced and the bank notes were printed by a British company, De La Rue. Despite repeated calls for the bank notes to be reissued and the currency to be re-denominated, this has yet to happen.

Hamid Ghani, the manager of the Iraqi Investment Bank’s branch in Basra believes that a vicious circle of profiteering has developed because of the damaged bank notes in smaller denominations. “The exchange shops make agreements with the bankers – and in some cases, with the bank managers – to replace the smaller notes with bigger ones, in return for a service fee,” Ghani explains. “The service fee is deposited at the bank, in the exchange shop owner’s account. He then withdraws that money in larger, undamaged denominations. In some cases, this equals millions of Iraqi dinars.”

Indeed, exchanging one’s smaller bank notes for larger ones at local exchange shops – at a rate of IQD8,000 per million dinars – is common practice today.

An example is provided by one local, Ahmad Nofal, who arrives at an exchange shop with two large bags stuffed with Iraqi dinar notes, denominations of one dinar and a quarter dinar. “We usually do this when we receive our salaries. We exchange these for bigger notes because the smaller notes are a hassle to carry around and if they’re damaged, we pay for that with our own money,” Nofal explained.

After only a little research into this area, it is easy to conclude that when it comes to Iraqi currency, there are two social classes here. Those who earn good money and end up with clean notes like the red IQD25,000. And those who do not earn much and who are left with dirty and damaged notes in small, useless denominations.

As Ayad Bader Sayah, another Basra exchange shop owner, tells NIQASH: “Customers who have accounts at the government banks come to an agreement with the cashiers and bankers and they are able to return the damaged, smaller notes and get IQD10,000 and IQD25,000 notes in return. Then the damaged bank notes are redistributed to those who can’t afford to pay for cleaner money, like the pensioners and low income families.”

Although he himself makes some profit in this area, Sayah doesn’t seem that enthused about the business model. “We always hear that the central bank is going to replace the old bank notes but up until now, nothing has happened,” he notes. “And We’re not really happy with the profit we’re making,” he says, “because we know the poorest citizens are paying the price.”

http://www.iraq-businessnews.com/2013/07/09/currency-class-war-damaged-dinar-notes/

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Al-Maliki’s Ties to Iran Create Trouble for Iraqi Democracy

Posted on 30 September 2012.

Al-Maliki’s Ties to Iran Create Trouble for Iraqi Democracy

By Eugen Iladi.

The opinions expressed here are those of the author, and do not necessarily reflect the views of Iraq Business News.

The ability of Iraq’s embattled Prime Minister, Nuri al-Maliki, to maintain power in Baghdad is increasingly linked to the support he receives from Iran.

Al-Maliki and his inner circle are notoriously tied to the Ayatollahs in Tehran who have been meddling in Iraqi politics to help their Shiite brethren and exert more influence in Baghdad.

Iran is trying to shore-up support in the region by ensuring friendly leaders stay in power in key neighboring countries. With Syria’s regime faltering and Iran’s nuclear program causing increasingly bellicose reaction around the globe, the stability of the region looks shakier than ever.

Recent media reports cite both analysts and diplomatic sources in asserting that al-Maliki’s ability to survive a no-confidence vote in the Iraqi Parliament is hanging by a thread – and that thread leads directly to Tehran.

The only way for al-Maliki to maintain power, insiders say, is by allowing more Iranian influence in Iraqi politics.

But the Kurds and Sunnis who are part of the governing balance in Iraq view increased influence from Iran with suspicion, even alarm. Some prominent Shiite political and religious figures in Iraq, such as Muqtada al-Sadr and Grand Ayatollah Ali al-Sistani, emphasize their Arab identity and distance themselves from Iran.

If Iraq were to forge a closer alliance with Tehran, they say, the country could fall back to its pre-war status as a pariah.

But al-Maliki sticks close to Tehran because Iranians helped him emerge as Prime Minister. And now, with backing from Iran, Al-Maliki is maneuvering to secure a third term as Prime Minister, which would require amending the constitution.

On a recent visit to Washington, al-Maliki sought to allay American concerns regarding his cozy relationship with Iran and the support he receives from Tehran. While no one wants to see Iraq descend into chaos or political instability again, American officials express increasing concern over al-Maliki’s loyalties.

He has worn thin his welcome with the Obama administration, according to government officials in the region who spoke on condition of anonymity because they are not authorized to discuss the matter publicly.

Washington officials aren’t saying much about the issue largely because other matters have taken priority during the presidential campaign. The public debate over foreign policy in the Middle East has centered around Iran’s nuclear program and a possible imminent strike by Israel. Washington is loathe to introduce another element of concern and instability by discussing al-Maliki’s true allegiance.

In the meantime, U.S. and allied intelligence agencies confirmed that al-Maliki is forging closer ties to Iran. This maneuver could help him maintain power in the short term, but given the volatile political and sectarian balance in the region, allowing Iran increased power in Iraq could spell serious trouble ahead for both al-Maliki and the Iraqi people.

The opinions expressed here are those of the author, and do not necessarily reflect the views of Iraq Business News.

http://www.iraq-businessnews.com/2012/09/30/al-malikis-ties-to-iran-create-trouble-for-iraqi-democracy/

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Mohammed Kayani calls al-Maliki to resign and government describes as "failed"
31-03-2013 | (Voice of Iraq)
BAGHDAD - Wayne

He called for Change parliamentary bloc Mohammed Kayani, Prime Minister Nuri al-Maliki to resign from his position, because Iraq needs a government for the restoration of security and the provision of services.

He told all of Iraq [where] that "a country where there is no government, because the government means that there is a program, and this does not exist, therefore the current government failed."

He Kayani "on Maliki to resign, because he can not be treated conditions service and security in the country, it is security point of failed government is increasingly in control of the security file, which means that there is no direction to achieve security, but orientation is located just to install the pillars of power."

He explained that "Iraq needs a government for the restoration of security and the provision of services, and that there is a tendency to address poverty and unemployment, and we are currently in a downward spiral and go back to back."

Kayani said that the "parties that oppose the government, they are part of the government's policy, and if they are serious in this regard and their ministers should resign, because Suspension does not mean anything, and his goal to get deals."

He pointed out that "in the event of the resignation of more than half the members of the Council of Ministers down the government, but there is no such a culture, but trading in such plays Suspension."

It is assumed that the hosts of the House of Representatives in its meeting on Monday Prime Minister General Commander of the Armed Forces Nouri al-Maliki and security leaders to discuss the recent security breaches.

The coalition, the Iraqi Prime Minister Nuri al-Maliki to resign, because of his failure to save the lives of citizens, and increasing problems with the parties involved in the political process.

Iraq has been since years political crises successive Valley continued strained relations between Baghdad and the Kurdistan region after the meetings included the Kurdistan Alliance and the hardest Iraqi Sadrist movement to withdraw confidence from the Prime Minister Nuri al-Maliki in addition to exit popular demonstrations and sit-ins continued for nearly 3 months in the provinces of Anbar, Nineveh and Salahuddin claim for the release of detainees and prisoners and issue a general amnesty law and the abolition of the Justice and Accountability Law [previously de-Baathification] article [4] terrorism and balancing, and other demands.
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Iraq

Photo by Getty Images; Illustration by Bloomberg View

Finding Iraq’s Economic Miracle

By the Editors Mar 20, 2013 6:52 AM GMT+0800

or many in the U.S., the 10th anniversary of the invasion of Iraq has been an occasion forsettling scores and playing “what-if” games with history. Iraqis don’t have that luxury -- as evidenced by the day’s wave of bombings and assassinations that left at least 50 dead.

For Iraq, this anniversary underscores the need for Prime Minister Nouri al-Maliki and his government to find a new sense of responsibility and engagement. Otherwise, the country’s future may be as dark as its recent past.

The latest political crisis in Baghdad stems from the resignation of Finance Minister Rafi al-Issawi at a March 1 rally of fellow members of Iraq’s Sunni minority. They were protesting what they view as efforts by Maliki, a Shiite, to trample their rights.

Many Iraqis think Maliki’s strong-arm moves in recent months -- detaining thousands of Sunnis on terrorism-related charges, arresting Issawi’s bodyguards in December and forcing through a 2013 budget that shortchanged Iraq’s semi-autonomous Kurdish region on oil revenue -- were designed to consolidate his support among Shiite hardliners. If so, the strategy doesn’t seem to have worked: The charismatic Shiite cleric Moqtada al-Sadr has begun holding his own anti-government rallies. The favorite guessing game in Baghdad these days is whether Sadr will join with the pan-sectarian Iraqiya Bloc to try to force Maliki from power now, or bide his time until next year’s parliamentary elections.

Market’s Influence

Can anything compel Maliki to forge an accommodation with Sunnis, his Shiite rivals and the increasingly independent Kurds? Certainly not the U.S., which despite giving billions of dollars in aid ($57 billion from 2003 to 2012, and about $2 billion this year) has virtually no influence in the country it tried to remake.

It’s possible, however, that market forces have a shot. Maliki’s government is sustained by oil-fed graft -- Iraq surpassed Iran as the Organization of Petroleum Exporting Countries’ second-largest exporter last year. If the flow of oil revenue dries up, so will the government’s political support. Thus it may be good news that when the government took bids on a fourth round of oil licenses last year, none of the major Western companies bothered to show up.

There are many reasons for this: corruption, political instability, bureaucratic hassles and the failure of the government to rebuild its crumbling pipelines and storage facilities, as well as fears about security in the capital. Besides, there’s now a better partner for the oil companies: the semi-autonomous Kurdistan Regional Government. The Kurds have outraged the central government by signing more than 50 independent deals with foreign companies, including Exxon Mobil Corp. (XOM) and Chevron Corp. (CVX), and are moving oil across the Turkish border in trucks rather than using pipelines controlled by Baghdad.

Maliki must realize that his bid to be Iraq’s founding father is doomed unless he improves the economy. A first step would be to offer friendlier terms to foreign oil companies. Instead of insisting on technical service contracts, in which the companies get only a flat fee per barrel, Maliki should agree to share the oil that comes out of the ground, as the Kurds do. (To his credit, he did discuss this with Exxon Chief Executive Officer Rex Tillerson in January in Baghdad.) A bigger step would be for the government finally to pass a comprehensive deal to share the nation’s oil revenue -- an initiative that has been stuck in the legislature since 2007.

Neighbors’ Role

A thriving Iraq will depend on stronger relations with its neighbors. Turkey has to play a careful game. While it is reaping an economic boon from the Kurds -- total exports to Iraq broke $10 billion last year -- Turkey has little to gain from instability or civil war in its eastern neighbor. Nor do Turkish leaders want to see the emergence of a fully independent Kurdistan, which might embolden Turkey’s Kurdish minority. Instead of antagonizing the Baghdad government with talk of building a pipeline from the Kurdish area across its border, they should encourage Massoud Barzani, president of the Iraqi Kurdistan Region, to negotiate a deal he and Maliki can live with. That’s hard but not impossible: The Kurdish leadership seems to understand that it isn’t in a position to exert full control over Kirkuk and that an independent Kurdistan without it may not be worth having.

Then there is the other regional Sunni power: Saudi Arabia. Although the Saudis don’t like the oil competition, the last thing they should want is for Iraq’s Shiite leaders to feel pushed into the patronage of Iran. The Saudis should open an embassy in Baghdad, where they’ve had none since 1990. More substantially, Saudi Arabia and Qatar could make a gesture to Maliki by doing more to keep the weapons they supply to opponents of Syrian dictator Bashar al-Assad -- whom Maliki unwisely supports -- from ending up in the hands of Sunni militants in western Iraq. The anniversary-day explosions in Shiite areas of Baghdad are a reminder that Maliki’s efforts to clamp down on Sunni violence aren’t entirely unjustified.

Without ignoring what’s gone wrong, this anniversary is best used to decide what Iraq can do right. Our feeling is that economic growth is the key, which requires Maliki’s ensuring the human and political rights of the Sunnis and reaching an accord with the Kurds. If his common sense and political pragmatism seem to be waning, perhaps the oil markets can help set him straight.

___________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________

Friday "Iraq or al-Maliki:" Sunni Arabs vowing to drop the project "Safavid" in the region

23-02-2013 | (Voice of Iraq) - Add a comment -

Baghdad Ali Baghdadi

Revived hundreds of thousands of Sunni Arab protesters in Baghdad and five provinces Sunni Juma "Iraq or al-Maliki" to condemn the policies of exclusion and marginalization exercised by Iraqi Prime Minister Nuri al-Maliki, demanding his departure, vowing to bring down "the project Safavid Fatimid Alksroe" in Iraq and the Middle East.
Did not differ demonstrations Fri yesterday in Baghdad, Anbar, Salahuddin and Nineveh, Kirkuk and Diyala for the past weeks, where widened circle protests and the growing number of participants in a bold challenge to the security measures that apply to crack down on protesters who maintain Regulation demands still Maliki government handled Bmmatalh clear recording without any progress The met despite the continued mediation by the political parties or clan window.
In Baghdad, thousands rallied in different regions amid tight security, demanding implementation of their demands, which they declared 60 days ago.
The demonstrations began after Friday prayers held in uniform Abu Hanifa mosque in Adhamiya in Mansour, Ghazaliyah and Ameriyah in addition to areas of the session and Saidiya and Harthiya inspired university, and Zayouna.
Military forces cordoned off the al-Abbas mosque in Amiriyah imposed another force of emergency and army security cordon on the Abu Hanifa mosque.
In Anbar (western Iraq) Hundreds of thousands in demonstrations Friday "Iraq or al-Maliki" Iraqi Prime Minister to leave, assuring their continued sit-ins until the implementation of their demands.
Front and Friday sermon Anbar, Sheikh Abdel Moneim Badrani, said in his Friday sermon on the highway in the city that "there are big project is trying to eliminate us and on our children, a project live Alriqtae (in reference to Iran) that Badt and spawned everywhere, Kaforeign law in Bahrain and the Gulf, Lebanon and other so Estphadoa of this project. "
He Badrani that "This project consists of Alksroeh that you want to re-glories fractions in Iraq and the Arabian Peninsula, which is also Safavi wants to re-draft Ismail Safavid in Iraq," noting that "there are also projects Fatimid wants to re-ruled Egypt and the Levant, and there is also a legitimate threat Our presence in Iraq, but we can not Shiite half of the project, so as not to be sectarian. "
He drew Badrani message to "America and the European Union, and tell them know the papers down in Iraq, and your interests ended it, and if it does not Tthrqua, you will not be your interests safely," adding that "the second letter to the Arab Gulf states tell them if relapse Muslims their heads, the in Iraq, men and swords you. "
Addressing Friday sermon Square sit-gray in a third letter, the President of Iraqi Kurdistan Massoud Barzani said, "Go back to رشدك, we us preferred to you, we fought with you, and preferred last we Almnakm Islam," reminding the message fourth Prime Minister Recep Tayyip Erdogan, saying "Do not forget your grandfather on stop and spent the Safavids the day were masters of the world."
And vowed MP Ahmed al-Alwani from the list of "Iraq" (led by Iyad Allawi) Iran to "derail the project Safavid Alksroe in Iraq," said: "to hear the worshipers of fire and grandsons fractions and the Magi, we are coming, and we say to our brothers in Ahvaz we are coming."
Alwani said that "Baghdad under the hand now and will crawl into the Persians, and the crowd would restore Iraq to its people, and hear the descendants of Zoroaster, we are coming," he said, adding that "this is our mission to Iran in the current period."
In Salahuddin, north of Baghdad condemned hundreds of thousands in Friday "Iraq or al-Maliki" policies of Iraqi Prime Minister asking him to leave.
And attacked Sheikh Mohammed Taha Saadoun al-Samarrai Khatib Square (to the right) in the city of Samarra, al-Maliki and he likened to "pilgrims".
Samarrai face in his sermon three letters addressed "the people and the wise and righteous of all stripes solidarity and not to allow some broadcast toxins and stand up against injustice and the nightmare that innocent people Ieichehema".
He Khatib Samarra that "The second message is to take over the reins of the country (in reference to al-Maliki), which wreaked our land corruption and discord, and became every team in the valley, even forbidden the people visit the capital Baghdad," he said, adding: "We have not seen the promises and rights only violations new. "
And between samurai that "violence is repeating itself with various images, and pilgrims were ruled today", attacking critics of demonstrators to elevate the old Iraqi flag by saying that "guided by ancient science world was and still is a symbol of Iraq and defeat Iran."
The student protestors and speakers on the podium to "return Baghdad to her family" and advised Maliki that go "before leaving", waving banners calling for Maliki to leave "for the dignity of Iraq," held up banners reading "Do not sell arms to the owners, it will kill people when" and "Coming O Baghdad."
In Diyala north (east of Baghdad) of thousands of protesters demanded the release of detainees, and the abolition of the Terrorism Act and accountability, justice and adoption of the amnesty law.
In Kirkuk (northeastern Iraq) accused the preacher of the main squares of the sit-in Kirkuk and Hawija in front of thousands of protesters, al-Maliki, under the leadership of Iraq towards a "sedition and sectarian strife."
He said the imam and preacher Square pride and honor of Sheikh Yassin Ahmed al-Issawi in Hawija (west of Kirkuk) that "change is coming in Iraq is not inevitable, and that the al-Maliki to step down immediately to save the unity of Iraq, for being the source of crises and problems."
In Nineveh (northern Iraq) influx of tens of thousands to Square Liberals where center sit in the city of Mosul, which entered Aatsamadtha day the "58" and protesters carried Iraqi flags old challenge to prevent the government and prevented the army and police cars live broadcast from entering the yard sit and transportation district for the demonstrations.
Friday sermon preacher accused (Liberal Square) in Mosul, Sheikh Abdul Aziz Al Nuaimi, the Iraqi government responsible for the "murder of the year and bombings in Shiite areas," stressing that "the demonstrators will not retreat before dropping the infidel constitution, which was written to divide Iraq."
In contrast carrying Sheikh Abdel Mahdi al-Karbalai representative of the Shiite cleric Ayatollah Ali al-Sistani in Karbala, Iraqi politicians responsible for the tension gripping the country, and asked them to cut the unit media statements.
The Sheikh Karbalai in Friday prayers in the shrine of Imam Hussein bin Ali (AS) in Karbala that "raises the slogans of sectarian from here and there and the words irresponsible not take into account the delicate situation of Iraq, provides for terrorist groups an opportunity to strike at national unity and killing innocent people," blaming the politicians, "the tension gripping the country."
Karbalai added that "severe and sectarian slogans and is responsible for some politicians have serious implications and raises the ire of others," and urged them "to reduce the pace of political statements and media in order to save the country's stability."
It is noteworthy that Iraq suffers from a severe political crisis moved their effects to the Dome of the House of Representatives due to conflicting attitudes towards the demands of the demonstrators and the possibility of achieving on the ground in the presence of rejection by some forces which it describes as "illegal."
Future - Lebanon
Liberal block: Maliki ignores others and uses the powers are not the right

21-02-2013 | (Voice of Iraq) - Add a comment -

Kufa News - MP for the Liberal bloc in Parliament Jawad al-Hasnawi said Prime Minister Nuri al-Maliki ignores others and uses the powers granted to him. Hasnawi said in a press statement that when we say that Maliki is singularly resolution as a result of decisions taken by when we say that he is well and climb up the ladder dictatorship everyone objected to this speech, and this Vocabulary
More than a few and reflect that this spiritual and psychological domination and present.
He said Maliki wanted to dominate the judiciary and independent institutions and the issue of the Central Bank and marred by ambiguity and blurry and how he wanted to exclude the head of the Central Bank Sinan Shabibi for complaining about the interference Maliki in the work of the central bank and explained that he is continued for prime minister is not entitled to interfere in it, so he Balfberkh that alienated Shabibi.
He explained that according to Central Bank Statistics loses more than it was during the reign of al-Shabibi, and the exchange rate has risen from 17 to 23 and 24 and this is illustrates the uniqueness of the Prime Minister decision and ignored the others.
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Strategic Issues

Iraq to get rid of the U.S. occupation to face the risk of civil war and partition




Published 28/12/2012 09:27 AM



BAGHDAD - bright Abbas
Like the end of 2012 in Iraq beginning. Who threw behind U.S. military convoys retreating «seven compartments Sraanma discovered they're still at the crossroads they had faced when these forces occupied the country in 2003.
Lifting of the year with the beginning of the year card separation (forming regions), complaining of injustice Prime Minister Nuri al-Maliki and his tyranny, and became one of the most prominent leaders (Vice President Tareq al-Hashemi) chased out of bounds on charges of terrorism. And Kurds card month separation times, and with the end of the year and found themselves in front of a military option against destructive in the disputed areas. Arabs feet to Iraq (Arab summit) and has never come. And the Turks left the country, Mandhanan Hashemi.
In another Iraqi does not allow any tool to read the future of this country, where Asrtun corruption, and knock heads large in suspicious transactions, and where cockerel Circuit ready for anything in order to continue the review.

Maliki: open confrontations

Began Prime Minister Nuri al-Maliki General enthusiastic to host the Baghdad Arab summit, for the first time in more than two decades, but the summit did not change much in the Alalaqath frosty between Aeraqhobmahath Arab, despite the fact that the government spent about one billion dollars to host the leaders, durable charges بالإسراف or corruption in this file .

Syrian crisis cast a shadow over the summit, and coincided with Iraq accused of backing the regime in Damascus, deteriorated relationship with Turkey to exchange Maliki and President of the Government of Recep Tayyip Erdogan accused of a policy of sectarian Baghdad threatened to end decades of Turkish companies.

Maliki's efforts to devote atmosphere ruling strong, after the departure of the occupier, was clear in the direction of Iraq's foreign since the beginning of the year, was careful with the end to go to Russia to hold arms deal $ 4 billion to prove the independence of decision from Washington, but (the deal) quickly came to accusations corruption to turn into a scandal toppled government spokesman Ali al-Dabbagh.

Fatah al-Maliki Iraq's doors to the Eastern bloc not only Russia, it has tried to attract Korean and Chinese companies for major investments of up to about $ 50 billion to be paid on credit, without passing laws routine contracting state.

But Parliament has rejected the inclusion of amounts «postpaid» in 2012 budget until after lowered the government to $ 39 billion, and this is the big deal of reliable Maliki much to bring about change in Iraq during his reign, in support of his ambition to a third term, Vastdm initially rejecting the Central Bank who offered him finance the deal of the country's financial reserves, which stood in the same year about $ 60 billion.

Bank Governor Sinan al-Shabibi, one of the scientists economy in Iraq, Sraanma cornered corruption charges during his time at an international conference, no longer to the country after the detention orders issued against him has with many of his aides and about 30 employees in the bank.

 

Hashimi asylum

Spent Vice President of the Republic, a leader of the Iraqi List »Tareq al-Hashemi, the first day of this year at the home of President Jalal Talabani, on top of a mountain in Sulaymaniyah, escape triggered by al-Maliki charges against him of leading terrorist groups.

Preoccupied these accusations Street and the media, but cast heavy on the political situation in Iraq, speaking senior politicians privately for breach Maliki rules of the game, and began to fears escalate among opponents: «If he was able to drop the Vice President of the Republic with 140 charge begins killing traffic cop does not end target religious processions, it will not necessarily be able to drop everyone. Seemed a painful blow below the belt, and it seemed Hashemi who sought refuge Kurds more perplexed than anyone else, he has to face the charges or face the consequences.

After a tug of war and withdrawals parliamentary and data series and interviews, decided Hashemi leave Kurdistan to Istanbul in response to an invitation by the Turkish Foreign Minister Ahmed Davutoglu, and there appointed a team of lawyers to defend him, saying that the charges plastered by a political and sectarian.

With the start of the trials Oaaln Vice President and death of one of his bodyguards, among the dozens of elements of his bodyguards, who were arrested in Baghdad, and after weeks confirmed the death of another guard under torture, as the government confirmed that he died as a result of kidney failure. And quickly judiciary issued a death sentence Hashemi on charges of inciting elements protect the killing of a lawyer, and then sentenced to death a second, third, and fourth, and before the end of the year announced Hashemi third guard's death in prison.

Hashemi issue in the beginning of the year occupied a large area of the political movement, was the center of the claim «Iraqi List» which considered the charges against one of its targeted its political line and the Sunni component that supports it. Sensitivity of the situation has prompted a number of Shiite lawmakers in the Al-Iraqiya to withdraw from the formation of new blocs, rolled through the middle of the year announcements from Iraqi offices in the cities of the south to withdraw them because of «defending sentenced to death.

In the middle of the year abandoned Al-Iraqiya for the inclusion of Hashemi condition for dialogue, at the behest of Shiite leader Muqtada al-Sadr, for joining Front claim of no confidence in the Prime Minister.

 

Sadr Barzani in the resort

Sadr and the arrival of the plane from Tehran to Arbil to participate in the meetings of the overthrow of Maliki, was an exceptional event. Young leader who came down from him plane cloak long black represents the traditional dress of the clergy, and a black turban large found on the ground Erbil airport tumultuous welcome, this is more than a courtesy visit, Vandmamh to efforts dismissal Maliki does not mean complete the required number in Parliament to pass the project, but before it gives cover to move Kurdish - baptism Sunni base broad Shiite opponents Front granted unprecedented momentum.

Sadr, who would write later warrants a trip to Arbil, and his meeting with President Jalal Talabani, the leader of «Iraq» Ayad Allawi and parliament speaker Osama al-Nujaifi, as well as Barzani, signed a statement known as the «Declaration of Arbil», revealed for the first time also the atmosphere secrecy surrounding the role of Iran and her mysterious Ghasemi Soleimani in the management of the game in Iraq.

Occur Sadr openly about closed-door meeting with Maliki and Soleimani goal to convince him not to go to Arbil, listen from Soleimani, who commands «Qods» accused supporting armed groups in Iraq, rejected an Iranian to heading to Erbil wrote: »In the end or the meeting told Maliki that I was going to (Arbil) or Kurdistan, will need (to have) told them to them to bring the views, what his answer was only accompanied by the support (Qassem Soleimani) should not go, Vzhapk is risky and weaken popular, has described the Kurds as I do not want mention here. Vibat, and I said It is a normal visit and never harm. So this visit - I mean my visit Arbil - is the suicide of the consideration (Maliki) and (Tehran) and some other parties, and may be a desolation into others say that all of Arbil against the government and prime minister. This may result in things do harm to Iraq and its people, God forbid.

Focused chest in a series of subsequent statements following the failure of efforts to withdraw confidence from the Maliki that what he is doing against «the concentration of power in the hands of al-Maliki» and »third term» and »attacking partners» and »Back dictatorship» is a defense for «the supreme interests of the Shiites», and try to prevent them from becoming the «Mazloum to unjust», but faced with the end of the year accusations explicit sometimes, and lined Maliki himself, he «leader militias earlier» and »statements do not weigh them», raising his supporters who came out in demonstrations against the prime minister.

 

Pressure on Talabani

In one of the most critical political moments, President Talabani decided to leave Iraq for medical treatment, leaving behind a severe political crisis, the leaders of the Arbil meeting hold him responsible not to proceed with the decision to withdraw confidence from the Maliki, Vathmanm falsifying signatures of Representatives.

Refused Talabani be withdraw confidence from the Maliki through it, despite the fact that the constitution allows him to do that, and asked the opponents to go to Parliament to pass the resolution, where everyone was aware that the parliamentary procedures that Taattab interrogation before the vote would not allow to pass the resolution, and admitted the chest that support efforts Allawi and Barzani cost part of his popularity withdrew from the coalition, on condition he completes the required number of allies vote.

Talabani, who is facing health problems for nearly two years, is seen as a safety valve in the crisis, but a crisis confidence is greater than his ability to impose a compromise solution, was flight treatment a chance to calm down, and he was in contact longer than during a national conference comprehensive end the crisis or forcing everyone to Dealing with a minimum.

In the absence of Talabani under المتخاصمون traded accusations, and the oldest Maliki to adopt a resolution, it was not very interesting at first, for the formation of the leadership of military operations in Diyala and Kirkuk as «processes Tigris», and before the return of Talabani to Iraq decided to expand the scope to include the province of Salahuddin.

Kurds flatly rejected the formation of these forces because their mission extends to the disputed areas, especially Kirkuk, days after the return of Talabani those forces moved to the outskirts of the province. He considered Kurds driven pursuant to 'aggressive' goal threat, Vhrqua in turn forces 'Peshmerga' to the northern borders of Kirkuk.

Town Tuz Khurmatu that separates Kirkuk Diyala saw the first friction between the Iraqi army and security elements Kurdish, killed a policeman Turkmen and injuring 11, and blew the incident concerns a major war in the region, warned Maliki later «Arab war - Kurdish» and Kurds said that all systems Previous, including the regime of the late President Saddam Hussein's regime, did not use this phrase to talk about targeted Kurds.

Talabani returned to Baghdad and embarked on efforts to calm the crisis concluded a preliminary agreement to withdraw their forces and the use of Kirkuk 'families themselves to form a military and security force, but the application of this agreement is not feasible until the end of the year.

Syria in the heart of the crisis

Divide Iraq on the situation of Syria continued to expand during 2012 Zayed Sunnis and Kurds to change the system, and kept the Shiites, and Iraqi government accused the delivery of Iranian weapons to the regime in Damascus, despite its denials that charge, all events and internal differences exacerbated been justified in terms of the position of the crisis Syrian. That significance referred directly to the regional divide over Iraq's internal crisis.

With the end of the year the Supreme Shiite announced that represents the spiritual leadership of the Shiites in the world that its position on the crisis «balanced» to Atnhaz to any party, and called for a halt to Muslim bloodshed on both sides.

Iraq's refusal to initially receive Syrian refugees who have tried, and then retreat after days, and after escalated convictions popular and official international has decided to set up a refugee camp on the border of Anbar province did not receive until the end of the year more than 9 thousand refugees, as directed about 50 thousand to regions of the province Kurdistan, which did not wait for a decision from Baghdad to open the borders for them.

Was close to al-Maliki accuse the Kurdish regional president Massoud Barzani trained fighters from the Syrian Kurds, and grumble of the evolution of its relationship with Turkey, which Baghdad accuses of meddling in Syrian affairs and support the rebels militarily.

Stalling at the Crossroads

U.S. withdrawal from Iraq was the most prominent event in 2012, and an active al-Qaeda remarkably and built large-scale attacks and incursions to the prisons.

It was interesting that the organization succeeds under tight Iraqi security measures in attacking the seven cities at one time, and such operations were repeated for claiming thousands of victims.

Forces of the nation, which found itself in front of big questions about the capabilities and potential, did not hesitate to blame political differences return activity of al-Qaeda, with the exchange of the Prime Minister and his opponents accusations of involvement in the events or condoned or failure in management.

Although the visits by senior U.S. officials did not stop, but doubled in the second half of the same year, but the absence of military stalemate revealed Iraqis in the area of the singer, the constitution must be a point of reference, surrounded by 'constitutions' creeds and races. And political agreements reveal personal and factional interests, and meetings did not exceed its goals photo ops, all Kaditcod at any moment to internal wars, military mobilizes for it and enact killing machines brim.
 
* "Life"




Embrace the Arab summit failed to withdraw confidence from the Maliki Last Update: Saturday, 22/12/2012

Baghdad - Zidane-Rubaie:

1/1


Saw the Iraqi arena in 2012 a lot of developments and political crises and try to withdraw confidence from the Prime Minister Nuri al-Maliki, as well as the continuation of car bomb attacks and improvised explosive and explosive belts and smuggling prisoners, and despite these events and crises but Iraq has hosted the Arab summit conference, also hosted a conference to set "5 +1 ". While the series continued spread of financial and administrative corruption in the country, whereas the dismissal and resignation of some ministers, while exposing Iraqi Vice President Tareq al-Hashemi to the death penalty in absentia to four times. And failed efforts by Iraqi President Jalal Talabani in the National Conference.


Began in 2012 accusing Iraqi Vice President Tariq al-Hashemi of being behind the terrorist operations, which made ​​the Iraqi bloc to which he belongs Hashemi rejects these accusations and the support of Hashemi through withdrawal from the parliament sessions and then interrupted final and then called its ministers to withdraw from the Council of Ministers, What made ​​Prime Minister Nuri al-Maliki appointed some ministers to occupy the site and ministers Iraqi retreating proxy, where the decision-Maliki this to make the "Iraqi" back in after its decision and ask the minister to return to the Council of Ministers and deputies to the parliament sessions, while nothing has changed in the case of al-Hashemi. Has introduced the issue of al-Hashemi Kurdistan Alliance in otherwise very strong with the government by and with a coalition of state law by the last, because the Kurdistan Region received Hashemi and open his temporary offices, but after pressure suffered by the region left Hashemi to Qatar and then to Turkey, which settled. Hashmi was tried in absentia and issued four death sentences against him. While launching the leader of the Iraqi bloc and Deputy Prime Minister Saleh al-Mutlaq sharp attack on Prime Minister as a "dictator" which made ​​Maliki prevents entry into the Council of Ministers and stripped him of all his powers and asked parliament to withdraw confidence from it, but that things were settled later Mutlaq returned to office.


The month of January mobile several bombings in several Iraqi cities was the heaviest bombing of the visitors in the province of Basra, which led to the deaths of 190 people, as well as hundreds injured seriously injured.


In the context of political crises threatened provinces of Diyala, Salahuddin and Nineveh and Anbar forming regions according to the Constitution, but that such a step and found opposition very large by Maliki, who has Bajhadha in the end, was the province of Diyala has seen the masses stormed the local government and the provincial council in protest at its declaration maintain an autonomous territory, while some lawmakers have moved supporters of the owners to reject the idea of regions to tribal leaders and academics to educate against the regions.


  And witnessed in 2012 the Saudi nominate non-resident ambassador in Iraq after severed diplomatic relations between the two countries since in 1990 and witnessed on February 25 Hundreds of Iraqis in Tahrir Square in central Baghdad to mark the first anniversary of the establishment of Iraqis demonstrate against the current Iraqi situation, but that these events did not continue.


The Iraqi prime minister in March / March visit Kuwait to discuss bilateral relations between the two countries and to find appropriate solutions to the differences existing between them. While the Iraqi parliament speaker Osama Nujaifi a similar visit to Kuwait.


Revealed Iraqiya bloc led by former Iraqi Prime Minister Iyad Allawi about the existence of a plot to assassinate its leader in Baghdad and blamed the Iraqi government for protection. Where the accused "Iraqi" some political blocs trying to target Allawi.


The year 2012 also saw the separation of some MPs from the bloc and the formation of new blocks most notably a block "patriots" headed by MP Abdul Rahman Alloizi, while announced the Badr Organization, headed by Transport Minister Hadi al-Amiri full separation from the Supreme Islamic Iraqi Council headed by Ammar al-Hakim. While Iraqi bloc split into two white after the formation of the Iraqi bloc free led MP Koutaiba Jubouri.


The month of March / occurrence in 14 bombings in the Iraqi city one day, where Iraqi officials are counting these bombings as an attempt by anti-government parties and the political process to disable the Arab summit in Baghdad.


Iraq has seen at the end of March / March Arab summit in Baghdad with the participation of nine Arab leaders and attend an official all Arab countries and represent a lesser degree, have suffered population of the capital Baghdad frequently because of the decision of the curfew imposed by the Iraqi government vehicles, three days before the summit, which ended the without a security breaches. The count of Iraqi Prime Minister convening of the Arab summit in Baghdad, an indication of the political success of Iraq. While Iraqi President Jalal Talabani, Iraq's ability to play a leading role.


The event in April / April conflict between Deputy Minister for Energy Hussain al-Shahristani and the Kurdistan Regional Government on the oil contracts by the entire Government of the Territory without the knowledge of the Ministry of Oil as well as the export of oil from the region outside of Iraq has rejected the Government of the Territory Shahristani's remarks. Accusing al-Shahristani to wage war and economic information on the region.


The month of April / April the Kurdistan Region President Massoud Barzani attack very violent on Prime Minister Nuri al-Maliki, accusing him of failing and trying to fight "the Kurds" also threatened Barzani secession territory from Iraq, where such rhetoric beginning of a political crisis hazardous incidents in Iraq was trying some blocks Political withdraw confidence from the Prime Minister Nuri al-Maliki. however, al-Maliki met during his visit to Tehran cleric Moqtada al-Sadr and discussed with him the pressures by the Kurds and the Iraqi bloc and asked him to intervene to calm the situation and already has Sadr visited the Kurdistan region and put an initiative consisting of "18 "point to resolve crises in Iraq, but he quickly changed his position and joined the meeting Arbil, which included the Kurdistan Alliance and the Iraqi and the Sadrists in addition to Iraqi President Jalal Talabani, where the face of this meeting a letter to the National Alliance for the implementation 9 items within 15 days, but the National Alliance not responding positively to the letter, making meeting in Arbil were holding a meeting parliamentary in Najaf absence Barzani and the leader of the Iraqi bloc, Iyad Allawi, where the parties agreed that met in Erbil and Najaf to direct a new message to the National Alliance demanding the replacement of Maliki another person, but the National Alliance stuck Maliki made ​​parties to this meeting requests from Iraqi President Jalal Talabani exercise his constitutional powers and sends a message to the Presidency of Parliament requesting the withdrawal of confidence Maliki, but Talabani request signatures 164 deputies even directs that message and although many of the members of the "Iraqi" confirmed the existence of more than this number have, however, accused some MPs of rigging signatures by deputies in the Iraqi make Talabani linger in his decision after that make sure his absence the number that request, while Maliki has moved toward some members of the Iraqi bloc and form Tiara united them instead of the votes Sadrist movement, so no longer be passed pull-confidence in parliament, which made ​​the country live in the vortex very dangerous lasted for several months, but al-Maliki in the end declared explicitly "that will not be subject to questioning Parliament, which comes as a substitute for message Talabani, and will not be subject also to withdraw confidence if not Parliament have to correct its course. " This announcement made ​​some team members wishing to withdraw confidence from the Maliki review itself in order to find a way out appropriate for this crisis, where he took the job Iraqi parliament speaker Osama al-Nujaifi, who announced in a press conference freeze confidence resolution Maliki, while the remaining leader of the Iraqi bloc Iyad Allawi determines dates to interrogate al-Maliki and the withdrawal of confidence with him, but all of these appointments unproven. Where they ended the crisis confidence obtaining consensus between Maliki and Najafi, while enjoyed by Iraqi President Jalal Talabani, who left to Germany and held there surgery requests cured for three months respected by many Iraqis, because he stood position of neutrality of the crisis, but this position has led to anger some of the leaders of the parties to social Erbil and Najaf.


The year 2012 saw the Council of Ministers to hold some of its meetings in the provinces, where the meeting was held in the province of Basra and another in Kirkuk, and a third in Nineveh, where raised these sessions resentment opposition blocs for the owners.


Baghdad has seen a meeting of the "5 +1" which discuss the Iranian nuclear file, promised to embrace Baghdad for this conference as returning to the practice of regional and international role strongly.


National meeting fails


Try Iraqi President Jalal Talabani held a national meeting which collects the political parties to resolve all problems and differences, but his attempts this completely failed because the intersection is high between the leaders of blocs and some leaders, at the beginning of 2012 was blocs opposed to the government is keen to hold national meeting, especially prior to the Conference summit Arab in Baghdad, but the parties supporting the government refused to take place ahead of the summit and asked to hold then, but opponents of the government have refused to take place although the preparatory committees allocated for this meeting but they did not succeed in arranging a deadline for his contract has tried Talabani held after returning from a trip treatment in Germany However, it has failed to do so.


The month of June in one day 42 bombings in various Iraqi cities left behind 300 dead and wounded.


Crisis with Turkey


The year this year political crises between Iraq and Turkey, the first occurred during the phone call between Prime Minister Nuri al-Maliki and his Turkish counterpart Recep Tayyip Erdogan, was accused last Maliki as "sectarian" and marginalize political opponents in the government and parliament, but al-Maliki responded strongly and ended the contact . Then I got another crisis when he visited the Turkish Foreign Minister Ahmet Davutoglu Kirkuk province without the consent of the Iraqi government, where I got mutual condemnations from both sides and then I got another crisis between the two countries on the background of the conflict between the Iraqi army and the Peshmerga.


The issue of central bank


Raised the issue of the existence of corruption, money laundering and smuggling of hard currency abroad within the corridors of the Iraqi Central Bank, where they still consequences of this issue are continuing despite the overthrow of Governor Central Bank Sinan Shabibi and the issuance of an arrest warrant against him, as well as the arrest of many of the officials and staff and accused some political figures important in this issue.


Disable some laws


Year 2012 witnessed disable some important laws because of political bickering is the most prominent of these laws, the law of oil and gas and infrastructure law and the amnesty law.


Also saw the election of a new Electoral Commission instead of the previous Commission The Commission has decided after voting in the parliament to postpone the provincial elections to April / April 2013.


Arms deal with Russia


Visited Iraqi Prime Minister Nuri al-Maliki Russia with a large delegation. The aim of the visit, they signed a contract for an arms deal worth 4.2 billion dollars, but this deal raised around some suspicions of a smell of corruption which already took Maliki decision to freeze the deal and refer all of the defendants where the Integrity Commission, and was the first victim of this transaction Government Spokesperson Ali al-Dabbagh, who was deported from office. Maliki also visited the Czech Republic and a weapons deal with it.


Crisis with Peshmerga


After the failure of Massoud Barzani to withdraw confidence from the Maliki began to raise problems with the central government, in almost every month out attack violent al-Maliki and his government and threatens secession was Maliki's decision to form operations Tigris in Diyala and Kirkuk have such an opportunity to Barzani to review its military strength in front of the Iraqi army, where the troops began marching towards the disputed cities and which have not yet resolved in accordance with Article 140 of the Iraqi Constitution. Where almost the Iraqi army and the Peshmerga forces of the Kurdistan region that Atsadma in serious confrontations, but some efforts have contributed to contain the crisis.


The year 2012 witnessed flight operations and smuggling of Iraqi prisons, most notably smuggling incident prison Tikrit Tasfirat which led to the flight of more than 70 prisoners, mostly sentenced to death.



Saadi exposes thefts Maliki By: Maytham Riani

Date Published: 12/21/2012
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Saadi exposes thefts Maliki / By: Maitham Riani
Face MP Sabah al-Saadi, serious charges for the owners and office of stealing public money and abuse of power, as well as to circumvent the law, stressing that one of these charges is sufficient to condemn al-Maliki "if an impartial judiciary."
Saadi revealed documents gleaned from the report of the Office of Financial Supervision, accusing the Prime Minister's Office of stealing a total of $ 42 million since 2006, referring to the provision is calculated on the basis of 1,500 dinars per instead of 1180, which works by the central bank.
He pointed to sue the prime minister for more than 700 billion dinars annually use such utilities and social allowances gravity calculated for employees. Pointing to prosecute 62 people, working in the Office of the Adjutant General, for 55 billion dinars, and processes "misappropriation" by the Office of the Prime Minister, up to seven billion Iraqi dinars annually. And that "charges of corruption and embezzlement is not a personal allegations, but by the BSA, which the Prime Minister trusts."
He pointed out that the "BSA documents reveal three criminal cases, the theft of public money, and abuse of power, and to circumvent the law," he said, adding that "if justice fairly, Maliki and his office will not Afelta of punishment."
He said Saadi said "report Court confirms that the exchange of the Office of the Prime Minister is still ongoing since 2006, which means that the volume of thefts has now reached nearly $ 42 million," pointing out that "Maliki distract allocations seriousness $ 23 million annually for the employee, ie 154 billion and 940 million dinars are dangerous act allocations from Maliki's office staff annually, along with annual social benefits and $ 504 billion and 585 million dinars. " The number of staff of the Office of the Commander in Chief of the Armed Forces has 62 employees and their salary 55 billion and 161 million dinars a year, meaning that the employee's salary per slightly less than one billion dinars annually "and surprising than this.
And here we wonder who is responsible for all these thefts and who face the Iraqi people to elect Maliki and his power Is not this the fruits of Sistani, who called for the election of the corrupt and looters, customers and on a sectarian basis, led by al-Maliki and gangs criminal introduced the country in civil wars sectarian terrifying killed hundreds of thousands of innocent and defenseless, and Cheran their business and minted for their actions?! If we examine the biography and the positions of Sistani with the corrupt and looters found love and closeness and Sulthm and cooperate with them and this is not a slur, but is the reality of the evidence and documents and evidence we felt we lived?! The Maliki government corrupt after care and support, advocacy and support parental by Sistani, took wreak in the earth unjustly and corrupt in terms of theft of billions in secret and in public, looting money of the Iraqi people and the loss budgets explosive and continuing money laundering and smuggling abroad to serve their masters there, leaving the Iraqi people suffering from diseases poverty and destitution, deprivation and high unemployment, lack of security and services and the loss of the most basic requirements of the daily life of the individual.
http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=A4kzvj4dINQ


Monday 05. 11. 2012

Is it the problem of the central bank or the problem of Iraqi intellectuals?

      Mohammad Zia Issa punitive

At first glance, I try to form an idea of what happened in the Central Bank of Iraq, I thought I was in front of the issue serious clash where specialties Science of Finance and Economy, Trade and institutions (financial - economic - commercial) International and "aware" of corruption and other specialties, as did sets for Bali never "conspiracy theory" that take it, with confidence, that ignores its presence in the events in the Middle East in general and Iraq in particular, is an ignorant policy matters.
After the scan and reflection I realized that there is already a serious issue, but it's not in the case of the central bank, but in most of our writers and Distinguished Aalamiyna and intellectuals and is Distinguished.
Issue of the Central Bank is very easy: people eliminate four charges on the basis of criminal offenses added a fifth to a criminal charge related to money laundering of $ (800) million dollars a week out of Iraq (no more than $ 3.2 billion a month, $ 40 billion a year ... an income O not Tnqtawa shouting: "Where do you go funds Iraq owners?"!!!), issuing arrest warrants for eradication Central Bank Governor Dr Sinan Shabibi and arrested already on (46) employees in the bank (30) including a woman. Maliki did not do it, but the Iraqi judiciary. Move the judiciary after being convinced of the evidence that is available between his hands, a parliamentary investigative committee report and the report of the Integrity Committee and the report of the Office of Financial Supervision.
Is there a talisman in these proceedings? Both they are all purely legal procedures. Is there any wonder in the presence of corruption in the Central Bank? Both Corruption is widespread as everyone knows? Is there infallibility any of the human beings of this today? Both A. Both.
Is corruption hitter Otunabh at the central bank for some time or is that the media campaign unjust mounted against the government by vandals and biased and losers has inspired to Bank staff enjoyment immunity against the account and accountability may be lured, this tranquility, to the path of corruption has been said of the security punishment offended literature, so he was arrested, court order, (46) an employee of the bank, including, unfortunately, (30) a woman waiting for a court ruling?
So why, if, يولولون? The answer: Maybe there are some who could not get rid of the practice of personality cult that were common ideological stalemate days; Vered worship for himself and posed as one who wants to the other.
The situation in Iraq are wonderful property. There are secular progressive who says there is a sectarian conflict in Iraq; cleric and answered him that there is a political conflict and the interests of any class struggle. The first says that the efficiency impeccably and infallible, and the cleric says all humans خطائون. Moving the government on the issue of corruption Faisrkh secular Progressive her face: Why moved? Then screaming: The government is not pursuing corrupt corruption.
Summary: This product from Progressive offends secular left and hopefully shut up and relieve us and relieves Iraq and left.
The oldest of the judiciary is not an illegal, even the standard of international human rights organizations, which too stringent with Iraq for political reasons, I believe. And is not contrary to the law of issuing a statement saying: judiciary issued a warrant for the arrest of so and so for so and so. This is the transparency demanded by everyone. Not so, or that some selective transparency? Did issued a statement on the arrest of Mr. (was) head of the International Monetary Fund and candidate for the French presidency, because of a tip from a hotel worker accused him of sexual harassment? Did issued a communiqué accusing arrest of Mr. (Maddock), former president of NASDAQ Foundation issued daily economic Nasdaq for high-tech companies, for fraud on its customers and reap the amount (56) billion dollars from them?
We have Mr. Stuart Bowen reported the U.S. Inspector General for Iraq Reconstruction, the existence of documents proving use some of this money (ie $ 800 million per week) for the financing of terrorism (free - in Iraq 02/11/2012).
Jericho phishers troubled waters I would say that Mr. Saleh al-Mutlaq, the Deputy Prime Minister for Services Affairs (which can not be charged with owning sympathy on Iran atom!!!), Has said he did not have any information to indicate Iran's involvement in this issue. Perhaps this statement was made ​​in response to the motor never MP Dr. Ahmad al-Alwani (from the coalition in Iraq), which forcibly crammed name Iran without being accused but wanted only Altkhbayt through forced Hashr and play with words.
On our media and some intellectuals, writers, explaining to the public the Iraqi legal rule which says: The accused is innocent until proven guilty; instead of trying to bend the government to perform its duty in the fight against corruption are the most cry pretext to spread in the body of the Iraqi state and society.
I share many of my regret to implicate Dr. Sinan Shabibi, the owner of efficiency also says he knew and the Governor of the Central Bank, national Thi family background is spotless, in this matter. I say "implicate" because I think, and I hope to prove eliminate health I think, that the destructive organizer was being behind his back in that vital institution that can strangle Iraq and destroy its pretensions to democracy as it tried to terrorism in the strongest which do withhold electricity for Iraqis plan orchestrated .
Misfortune embodied in articles fireworks started on the subject. They are all Tbact justice wasted and Tbact the independence of the Central Bank and the Nile of talent and try Thishimha fear them; All this and more came just to the indictment, while consistently when these writers and for years and yet direct floods of accusations and slander, insults and conducting trials figurehead and in absentia without evidence and witnesses and issue judgments, mostly heavy and medium rare when you take them clemency, and turning the earth upside down right Prime Minister in particular, unabated from themselves and their conscience remind them justice it يتباكون today on the issue of the central bank. Do them said: Let's wait for court ruling in this case or that it is the competent authority? Both did not say one because each one of them thinks that he has the right to set himself judge and jury Otz on the Constitution and the judiciary and the House of Representatives and the government and the people, "which driven كالنعاج the" they said. What an ego empty and selfish too!! The beeping relaxes failure.
I am sure that most of these writers do not ask himself, as I do and for good reason, whether raising the issue of the central bank in this way, which put forward, are produced by entities with jurisdiction over the vandalism first, and funded (Saudi - diagonal) generous Secondly, and aimed to achieve a series of goals very serious on the Iraqi national interest III.
Target and tactic accessible and obvious to see: Valtgmoaon and the Kurdistan Democratic Party, Saudi Arabia, Qatar, Turkey and the oil companies and Israel want to sabotage relations unequal transparent between Iraq and the United States, which is essentially ties fragile to hold the Iraqi government to its policy Independent on Iran and Syria. The tactic is represented with the following string of acts and their responses and their implications:
Try to turn the battle between the Iraqi government and the Central Bank of the follow-up criminal offenses involving corruption and money laundering related to battle the policy and philosophy of the central bank and its relationship with financial institutions and international trade. The opening battle on this basis quickly transmitted to the battle between the Iraqi government and the international financial institutions under the burka independence of the central bank and the free economy ... Wu (In essence may mean, as far as, to dominate the capital of Iraq and its economy and destination). And more than this, the battle with international institutions quickly move to the battle between the Iraqi and U.S. governments. This is the crux of the matter for those with special interests and narrow in the following manner:
Oil companies: they do not accept the behavior of the Iraqi government oil work according to the principle of "service contracts" and the granting of contracting under this principle and through public licensing rounds transparent excluded from those companies because of violating conditions. The companies want to impose the principle of "production sharing" is a principle which was agreed upon Exxon Mobil with the Kurdistan Regional Government without the consent of the federal government for not knowing format contract nor the merits and conditions of contracts, prompting the federal government to the exclusion of any company dealing on this basis with the Government of the Territory. Noon political element (in addition to economic generous) in such deals when the transfer of Mr. President of the Region threat oil companies to the President of the federal government, saying: "Exxon Mobil have the force equivalent to ten military divisions and if entered countries not depart" any on Mr. Maliki to catch martyr Abdul Karim Kassem, who received such a threat then.
Oil companies have been prepared for itself, "allies" in Iraq to fight a battle with his government are the Kurdistan Democratic Party and its leader Massoud Barzani, and the rest of the coalition in Iraq, led by Dr. Ayad Allawi, both of which promised to meet personal Mtalibh and Tgmoah *, tribal and narrow partisan. It also found the oil companies themselves allies in the region with special interests respective you plotting against Iraq: Saudi Arabia, which want the specter of Merit democratic and human rights by fueling sectarian conflict in the region and trying to sabotage the democratic path Iraqi; Turkey and ambitions, Qatar and Taúviha hand and ambition in the Bulge cava, and Israel and its intention to strike Iranian nuclear reactors that can not be hit by aircraft or missiles long or medium term. So it needs to enterprising as Mr. Iyad Allawi to injects Iraq in a war with Iran to infiltrate Israel under its wing to perform the task.
It was Maliki smartest of them all; film Nzl central bank on his philosophy at work in order to avoid confrontation Front very broad dishonest Taatmntq professionalism and Sciences money and you want to strangle Iraq; start of America, specifically oil companies which, through the Middle East to Iraq with the educated class miserable in some joints. But I suppose Maliki, who prepares suicide bombers and car bombs to be and because it goes through the central bank, trying to strangle Iraq's most convenient pieces of the Tigris and Euphrates him waging terrorism infidel. So watch the scene and spy on the bank, and I know the House of Representatives thing that move and adjust the offense and put the givens hands of the judiciary and the movement of the judiciary and Khosi Allagton of Msode articles ridiculous.
I think that the U.S. administration, headed by Mr. Barack Obama, who speculate, but I hope for the benefit of Iraq and the world and America, to continue in the White House for a second term, is eager to break the stick with the elected Iraqi government for two reasons: first fear of pushing Iraq toward Iran; and second because Democratic Party represents capitalism medium unlike the Republican Party, which represents the upper bourgeoisie in oil and arms companies.
So the oil companies seeking full force to use its influence in the region, straining the relationship between the United States and Iraq to carry the U.S. government forced to stand beside them strongly and clearly against the Iraqi government.
Touch that most intellectuals did not realize that after the failure of the occupation of corrupting the political leaders present, proceeded oil companies through its extensions in the financial institutions and the political to redouble our efforts to create a layer commercial financial rotten he called economic expert and international consultant Dr. Fadhil Abbas Mahdi to "lobby commercial" Iraqi. I've had pressure on the central bank to follow the rigid policies hurt in favor of corruption under the banner of "independence and openness." This policy has begun even before the start of the reconstruction of Iraq campaign with American money and the accompanying corruption long-Americans and Iraqis and perhaps disappeared because of the amount (17) billion dollars belonging to Iraq was deposited in the oil-for-food fund under the memorandum of understanding between Iraq and the United Nations. We have noted the members of the House of Representatives during the meeting in nearly two years ago in the presence of Mr. Abdul Basit Turki, head of the BSA, that Mr. Paul Bremer handed Dr. Ayad Allawi, a member of the Governing Council, one billion and a third of a billion dollars in cash did not give Dr. Ayad any receipts to spend.
Despite recognition of Mr. Stuart Bowen, the inspector general for Iraq reconstruction, corruption, which caught the Maliki government at the central bank, but he did not wavered to prove that patent Maliki charged with attempting to interfere in the policy and the independence of the central bank, so completed his statement cit, including not mean as if his throat lump, as the prime minister accused of trying to dominate the independent bodies such as the Central Bank and the Integrity Commission. It fears a "project" of potential destabilization of rigor and commitment, which imposed by the International Finance Corporation on Iraq under the pretext of undergoing Chapter VII - the destabilization Sewoldha detect and prosecute the perpetrators of crimes of corruption in the Central Bank. So Mr. Stewart wanted remedied in advance. First Mr. Bowen was to teach us what happened to the inquiry on all the (17) billion dollars of Iraq's money "lost" instead of repeating political charges against both of us are not based on reality and has become well-known source and target. It seems to me that unfortunately the disqualification of a key Integrity Commission and former former justified deputies issue disqualified not to proceed in the investigation issues big transmitted Prime Minister to the Integrity Commission, and was probably corruption in the Central Bank one of them, but he did not dare to investigate for fear of colliding with the Americans and the terrorists, the Most probably.
I've signed some intellectuals, never ready to undermine the government according to the rule "a sense of drum Khvn Argelet" because it is a democratic government it is harmless solemnity, - signed some falling into the unenviable. And no one, even the Americans, claiming that the action taken against some of the staff of the Central Bank were not based on criminal corruption or irregularities were based on trying to crush the national scientific competencies. While some filled land fanfare Bhettin charges, Vartdoa on the back foot Mnaqdan themselves.
Of course everyone says what he wants with the utmost freedom in the new Iraq. But what a pity that some people speak from the left, but the proposals presents to the left at a disadvantage. Among those is that some who stands, in terms of conscious or not aware, in the same trench with the oil companies and the enemies of democracy internal and external intellectually met even with terrorists. Which is condemnable.
Commits some other species of abuse of Iraqi left. It was cast Bakmaivh caliber sectarian and racial and absurd is hiding under a burqa Communist Party hypocrisy; Voads him. However, this cover may torn the party after a meeting of some its leaders then Prime Minister and the Declaration of the party for a match and their views on the key issues; فإنكشف those Almnbarqon and أضحوا naked desperate, some Panwa mercenaries hired serving, in the final analysis to recognize or not recognize, oil companies monopoly and the Saudi regime totalitarian country system and agent right extremist Alasraúal in the region, and thus are the enemies of their people of Iraq, which has long sang the old days, Bashmukh and heroic.
The problem of the central bank, if not discussed objectively because the bank and competencies and the national interest is not the task for some people. Nile from the government and its president is the most important.

____________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________

01 Nov           
Uncertainty and ambiguity and suspicion in the file's central bank governor









images / stories /-shabibi.jpg

BAGHDAD - Network News Iraq: A member of the legal committee parliamentary cute Mustafa Amin, "There are things uncertain in the case of Central Bank Governor Sinan al-Shabibi, including leaking memorandum arrested and appoint a replacement proxy." The Secretary (a former judge and holds a doctorate in law Constitutional) that "legally there is compromised and uncertainties in the case of Mr. Shabibi and leaking a memorandum arrest warrant it is known to all that the investigation stage in any criminal case to be confidential and all procedures shrouded in secrecy in order to preserve the case and the evidence," and the "Memorandum of arrest warrant went to the police to implement them not announced, but if not arrested and decided to submit it in absentia of the court so as to prevent the escape of the accused,

but in the case of Shabibi was announced the arrest warrant once issued at the time was known to the public that المومأ him abroad to send a formal, giving the impression of being a him to remain abroad and does not return, especially that the memorandum of arrest warrant and even recruitment of courts have a severe impact on the self not only feel issued against him.

" He added, "It draws attention in this case is withdrawn his hand and ask the other person acting It is known that the accused employee withdraws his hand if what has been found guilty by the court or in the least been arrested while withdrawing his hand as soon as the note against him, it is suspicious and increases doubts skeptics because it will ensure that accused of Aatan decision arrested and possibly the judiciary to rescind the wake of the appeal then said that he would be arrested as perhaps the judiciary his release on bail, whether bail or to ensure his and his post and return to his job as we saw with Mr. Faraj al-Haidari, who attended in court and was released on bail and returned to his job to that he was acquitted.

" He continued, "and draws attention also is the Council of Ministers to appoint someone else instead of him acting as all positions of special grades, agents and officials of independent bodies and team leaders and others who spoke on condition Constitution ratification appointed by the Council of Representatives is not permissible Constitution appointed proxy, ie that the Constitution did not authorize the Board Ministers or other appointed proxy because the rule of law says (not authorized in any subject without the presence of illegally authorizing it) Accordingly, all of the appointed proxy is ordered appointment void the issuance of authority is competent and not legally authorized to do so and all their actions throughout stay on the job longer void also expose themselves to legal liability.

" The Integrity Commission issued an arrest warrant for the Iraqi Central Bank Governor Sinan al-Shabibi accused of financial corruption issues. The Council of Ministers Aafah from office and decided to appoint Abdul Basit Turki Chairman of the Board of Supreme Audit central bank governor proxy. While he said a member of the parliamentary Finance Committee Haitham al-Jubouri said Shabibi accused him habeas corpus to prove his innocence if he was innocent, the member of the Legal Committee Hassoun Fatlawi said that his committee did not receive or review any file on the charges against


Member of the Integrity Committee: Warns of GOI’s intention to acquire independent bodies (CBI)

17/10/2012 – 11:42

warned a member of the Parliamentary Integrity Committee Aziz Ugaili, Wednesday, of the existence of “intent” of the Government to acquire the independent bodies and make them subordinate to it, considering that the investigations on the central bank should be kept secret in order to preserve the reputation and value of the Iraqi dinar.

Aziz said Ugaili In an interview for “Alsumaria News”, that “there is a deliberate intention to acquire independent bodies by the government, in order to be those bodies are not independent,” noting that he expected “the charges against the Central Bank long been especially after the accusations made ​​against the independent bodies other Kalnsahh and the Electoral Commission. ”

He Ugaili, a deputy from the mass citizen that “the Integrity Commission did not participate in the ongoing investigations against Central Bank President and Vice President,” stressing that “the Commission, which was formed in this regard was chaired by the Deputy Speaker of Parliament Qusay al-Suhail and office of the Chairman of the Finance Committee Haider Abadi, a member of the Committee Haitham al-Jubouri, and two of the same mass as well as a representative of the Office of Financial Supervision and the Integrity Commission. “

said Ugaili that “the Commission has found corrupt, but we do not know its nature,” adding that “the investigation continues, no proof of corruption the head of the central bank so far, which is condemnable. ” He Ugaili hope that “not be an issue as an issue كمفوضية Independent Elections, which has accused Commission President and proved the court his innocence,” stressing that “it should have been investigated a secret in this case to preserve the currency and reputation and the value of the Iraqi dinar, but the media hype is true. “

The Cabinet voted during its regular, on Tuesday (16 October 2012), the mandate of President BSA Abdul Basit Turki assume management position central bank governor and agency. were a number of ways Media transfer, in (14 October 2012), sources oversight that the Iraqi judiciary issued an arrest warrant for bank governor Sinan al-Shabibi and his deputy appearance of Mohammed Saleh on corruption charges, also pointed out that Shabibi fled abroad after the issuance of the note, with the bank denied the news, stressing that the governor is currently involved in an annual conference in Tokyo and will return to Baghdad. stressed committee member investigative on the work of the Central Bank of Haitham al-Jubouri, in (14 October 2012) the issuance of arrest warrants and travel ban against Central Bank Governor Sinan al-Shabibi and officials at the bank, and is regarded as the survival Conservative abroad will prove corruption charges.

referred to the Federal Court formed a committee headed by Judge Medhat al-Mahmoud and membership of a number of judges in January 2011, research and trading in the request from the Prime Minister’s Office on the second of December of last year, to clarify the official bodies that associated bodies, and the Court, on the January 20, 2011) decision to attachment independent bodies referred to in the Iraqi constitution headed by Minister directly, not the Council of Representatives.

Article (102) of the Iraqi Constitution, that the UN High Commissioner for Human Rights and the Electoral Commission for elections The Integrity Commission, is independent bodies under the control of the House of Representatives and organize their work law, while Article (103) that is both the CBI and BSA and Communications and Media Commission and Endowment, bodies financially and administratively independent, law regulates work of each of them and be the Central Bank accountable to the Iraqi Council of Representatives and the associated BSA and CMC House.

http://bit.ly/T0jI7C

Three dealers are taking over one of the ministries sales compared to $ 100 million annually!!

He businessman who declined to be named, said the head of the parliamentary known in addition to the two businessmen are (Q. R) and (m.) And يستوليان on all products and the Ministry of Municipal and selling drainage in addition to all the contracts between them and the Arab and foreign companies for bribery pay for influential men in the ministry annually estimated at $ 100 million.

He noted that the business referred to pay each year $ 100 million third-window in the ministry for that gives them all Matnottagh and Matvad its equipment in addition to the contracts entered into with companies and ministries similar who are responsible for the sale of these products and discharged into the Arab markets or the Iraqi ministry enter her processes sale and discharge only a formality.

The source added that the deal last reached (350) million of Products and equipment of the ministry have been distributed output deal Financial in Amman on the heads of three men: lawmaker senior who leads the parliamentary bloc and two other business in the Jordanian capital Amman, where net profit was $ 70 million .

The some specialized committees to put pressure on ministers and businessmen to get more Almkafaat Alumblyonip a kind of political blackmail new addition to the pyramid of corruption that prevailed and burrowed eerily in the government of the lower in government jobs to the top of the pyramid of the ministries and departments of Iraq.

Story of corruption in Iraq!!

Corruption in Iraq is not such as corruption in other countries do not like rest Alvesadat not in terms of quantity and in terms of weight and not in terms of the actor nor in terms of species, in terms of causes and not in terms of the position of it .. Corruption in Iraq is no longer an exceptional case but Pat Qaeda .. And corruption in Iraq practiced for its own sake and practiced as a weapon in the war raging on the judgment ..

And corruption in Iraq is measured in the billions, not retail .. And corruption in Iraq did senior officials and politicians and the People's Congress, were role models for others and a teacher but they are not who should do them venerated .. And corruption in Iraq is not a result of abuse of power for personal benefits also says his organization Transparency International, but by employing the power to exercise corruption and recruitment of corruption to attain power .. The cause of corruption in Iraq, the corruption of politicians, and political corruption in Iraq is Abu Alvesadat all, the exclusive jurisdiction of the powerful political class is the only monopolist for this type of activity in Iraq, not Oolaik Almgmoron government at the edges of the device .. And corruption in Iraq is no longer shameful, it became legitimizes and codifies and those who practice it do not blink them party modesty, after it had become the Mganma command instead of be devotion ..

And corruption in Iraq use it in good times and bad they Agrvon it in the intimacy and when the dispute rages .. All waging war files against all and all Azak in the face of all: Consider your files ..? Vegnhawwa for him because each of them has its files .. And the position of the corruption differently in Iraq from other countries as well, people here are divided in three trenches: trench deny the existence of corruption and accused of raised or faced b agenda! .. And the second spoiled from the first, but seeks to end in himself a miscarriage and projection pursuit to return conditions to what it was before 2003, and the third face the corruption commitment to the principles and ideals to defend the people and for the construction of a system of good governance in Iraq, but unarmed and a few aunts and lump from a tree, he between Alkhndeghin like Hagar .. This says his anti-party doctrine, and that says his client occupation! But in fact anti-corruption as it was before that an anti-tyranny, though must of employment he is an agent of the people, not these people deserve your clients ..? .. In Iraq, when they bickered between the two, one says to the other: (You Heard if groped ..? ..) And I Dear beloved of Class II groped and groped deeply .. And hands entered in the quiver of corruption is not the facility but fairly armpit! The contemporary eras of tyranny and corruption in Iraq and the long forward-looking to the era of prosperity and democracy in the vast land .. But check this is certainly outside my life time .. Perhaps seen my grandchildren from me .. Who knows ..? But the issue of the surrender of one because nothing on the horizon? ... The decision of the Creek and the option of looking for excuses, do Araftamona of these ...?. Abra've got to make one every effort to constitute a catalyst for grandchildren to record progress and do not become a burden like this generation, will feel injustice because the dream has not been achieved, the die before this, all my intention to Trtini including wanted Abu Firas of his intention to Trtij it, because I have not entertained verification dream good governance and fair Yehudah population Mesopotamia, and consolation in this is that I am not the only one in this, we are all in it either, so our brothers in the Arab Spring Jiboa hopes has led Rabiehm that which comes out a demonstration on the President I just went out to Allah and His Messenger, we are better, at least what we did Iktf secular impact of the late father ..

Faced corruption in Iraq closely and I knew him closely and unlike others in the era of quotas and corruption .. Did not put dirhams in my pocket except my salary, not the eyes of a son or a brother, and did not Oqayd position to undergo or be subjected Integrity Commission for the Americans or the government or parties contrary to the constitution, and to meet it received the consent of good people a lot, and wrote a book and intellectuals for my honor so much, but I did not win consent of the Americans nor the government nor the political class in Iraq .. And I'm not his father, the same score to me and not to .. I had to to tell a story about corruption in Iraq, as I have been through and also touched those who Otabthm effects and burned Bodhararha but heard about a just Khvayaha hear The initiative of Foundation and newspaper (intellectual) someone Chairman friend Majid Gharabawi and his colleagues and his colleagues in the organization gracious me the opportunity for me because I tell some of the chapters that story through open dialogue, which was conducted with me and that a 19-episode or more, participation was a group of writers and intellectuals and writers very gracious through empathy actors in episodes of dialogue and interaction with him, and I am indebted to friends who حثوني write about my experience in the fight against corruption .. While I keep it in my mind their files, one by one, perfumed with love and appreciation Unlike files corrupt Attna Fannie sure that the battle against corruption does not wear them is with qualities noble who do not ask him paid only affection people to rule in favor of Rashid guarantees his rights in destiny, and to preserve the unity of Iraq sovereignty and sanctifies human rights and dignity, Fajas the Iraqi people from underdevelopment, corruption and chaos rule is knotted on Noasihm ..

Certainly realized that the battle against corruption in Iraq is open and spacious The initial income as income mercenary, and as Pat corruption in Iraq is positive for the same sometimes and other weapon in the grinding war between Iraqi politicians in order to thwart the other and monopolize power .. The call to face the corruption stems from concerns and sincere intentions sometimes and other times just a cover for other intentions aimed at abuse of the other in order to seek to remove him and substitution his place at the helm .. Not objected to it if it was the best, but the two sides sparrow and starling Commends مكاره!, Am I interested in sincere because it is in the interest of the people I am, as you know I belong to the people and not for مكاره .. The form of open dialogue with intellectuals and writers newspaper cultured another focus for my novel of the story of corruption in Iraq expect to be released later, which is not the novel are all that have decided to احكيها you you, and not to Shahriar because I do not have a navigation Scheherazade, but I am not a product that stands in the hands of his ilk to tell them .. But I stand among you as you Voqs you the story of corruption in Iraq .. And put it in the hands of our children and grandchildren to arm themselves in the face of the children and grandchildren of corrupt .. Hardship, Tfajroa ancestors and view them said: My father! Grandchildren told him: father this ..? What was your father only corrupt Gava does not deserve his image to suspend overhead .. The looting and usurped the people's right to enjoy its resources and destinies, and took positions and money, and we knew not only dinars transcends man, down the image and only opened the Public .. He left us our fathers fathers is oozing files including يزكم noses ..

In this case it would not tend grandchildren grandchildren as Glpona they day they said: Our ancestors were ...! And their ancestors were only Huejat and feudalism and as means to colonize .. True may say: Musa Faraj and the Integrity Commission did not Abtha Balvasudain not Istrda looted money .. In this say a lot of health, but I say: that the bear half the burden in this in some departments flaws and Hannah does not fit other flaws .. But the other half of the burden of failure to assume responsibility anti-corruption environment in Iraq .. If the body were linked (FIFA) has achieved nothing but to be referenced one .. Every three days comes coming orchestrated a Atibt lap Vaalat zero seeks to set his cousins ​​relatives of cranks functions (Body cardi) in the body and has had Askar Abu Hanij, are intended those Alvaalat in the place it deserves, and the other raises Aqirth and conspires against you whenever interested cut Trmbh own siphoning off oil and the third tells you: Kate is our community ...? And fourth if Tntkh one of his group accuse of threatening national project ..? And fifth ČÓ closer Kurdish Isdh national anthem view that Iraq is no longer of Zakho to the south of Kuwait but Afak for Arzazh .. Iraqi trader imported materials contaminated with deadly radiation, but is keen to spend half a day searching for a restaurant that serves meat slaughtered in the Islamic manner ..! ..

And if you complain when the religious authorities in the hope evaluate the behavior of their followers Valmarja first thing seen in your face is your chin .. Shaved razor if Balmks .. Not acknowledge that which we have heard of: man Bosgrah his heart and tongue .. Some complain energetic, saying: But Ohadji import substitute from neighboring countries .. (This is not a circular, and no exceptions ..), but I went to the Sheikh clan asks: You Amam ..? I said: Amam Iraqi people .. Torticollis cheek, lost it bore the identity of support councils while you did not live up to this place .. In such an environment, how to achieve the results you respond to corruption ..? Were these not from GA Prophet (s) to say to them: I am not the father of any of you, and I'm not you agent! Are not they are forced Imam Ali (AS) because they say: What left me right from a friend!!. In such an environment you want from Musa Faraj to make Iraq free of corruption ..? Necessary to repeat the experience of Hiroshima and Nagasaki .. Accept ..?.

I tell you the secret of its content as follows: to achieve decisive results in the face of corruption requires a public opinion Amer, is there in Iraq something ...?, Look him or Amrh Strive then you put an end to corruption in Iraq, and without it will not be returned .. My story with the story of corruption in Iraq .. Not relied oriented theoretical and academic exchange but the focus was on the side of the field to the course of the conflict with the corruption and the corrupt and the corrupt wish to have the conditions that the right Portrait where the share of the academic aspects at least 51% .. I hope that I have managed in my novel the story of corruption in Iraq also took place and without myths and polishing the image of this or that in order to Ootmankm distributed the burden of carrying on Chilon pregnancy people ..

Musa Faraj


Maliki: You must get rid of the Government of the partnership and form a majority government and Kurdistan, is a result of the political crisis and deportation to the problems and the mass of the solution with its formation and hold early elections and the rule of law: a government of national partnership proved its failure
Readers 42
05/10/2012


Lighthouse / follow-up: Prime Minister Nuri al-Maliki to work in the next phase to get rid of a government of national partnership and the direction towards forming a majority government.

He said in an interview with the channel "Russia Today", said there was a "need for the next government will be a political majority government to be consistent with the spirit of democracy and get rid of the mentality that the minority should control the majority of the Iraqi people."

But a member of the Kurdistan Alliance MP for the coalition of Kurdish blocs Chuan Muhammad Taha take it, some options blocs to form a majority government or early parliamentary elections, an escape from the political crisis and the deportation of the problems between the two blocs.

Taha said: Some political blocs put option formation of a political majority government or early elections, as a solution to get out with the current situation, noting: that these options do not solve the political crisis, but escape deportation problems between the blocks to the next parliamentary session.

The MP for the Kurdistan, to the composition of the country does not allow the formation of a majority government, the absence of a cultural-political concept of opposition parties, which holds the reins of government rule, either the parliamentary elections, they will come to the same current political blocs with a slight change.

Taha added: that the solution to political problems will need honest and put the interests of Iraq above partisan interests and consolidate the starter acceptance of others.

In contrast, the leader of the Turkmen Front MP for the coalition in Iraq Hassan Auzmn Bayati, that the best solution to get out of the political crisis, early parliamentary elections and the lack of solutions to the crisis.

Bayati said: The Iraqi arena devoid of radical solutions to the political crisis and day after day is complicated political landscape more, noting: that the best solution and best out of the current situation is to hold early elections to the House of Representatives, because the blocks do not have the will seriously get out of the crisis.

According to the leader of the solution Bloc MP for the coalition in Iraq Ziad worldwide abolition, there is no way or option to resolve the current political crisis, go to form a majority government with the presence of opposition in the House of Representatives.

The worldwide abolition Friday: The differences between the political blocs will continue until the end of the current parliamentary session, and there is no way to solve only the formation of a political majority government and parliamentary opposition to push the political process forward.

And: that the majority government will change the map of the composition of the blocks, as in the case of successful they will get the majority electoral votes in the elections, and that failed it would be the balance of the street to the opposition.

And pointed out that the meeting does not solve national problems fundamentally political and perhaps reduce the gap spacing between politicians, explaining: that these problems disrupted service to the citizens and the entire political process, and its continuation would hurt the country more.

For her part, member bloc State of Law coalition National Alliance MP Janan Albraism, that a government of national partnership proved to be a failure, because blocks post placing obstacles in front of government work.

And explained Albraism: during Alantkhabatin sessions proved the failing government of national partnership and the current private, because there are political blocs put obstacles in the way of their work and be a stumbling block in front of the executive bodies that are trying to rebuild the country and provide better services to the citizen.

It showed: The National Partnership impact on the work of the House of Representatives and pass laws malfunction, and dealing with blocs on a political basis, believing that the formation of a majority government backed by a powerful bloc with a parliamentary opposition.

And the complexity of the parties of the political process, great hopes on the return of President Jalal Talabani in Baghdad after a trip treatment, which lasted three months in Germany, to resolve the political problems that have become influenced by the state institutions, including the Council of Representatives, which is witnessing Rvovh Bills not approved due to the absence of political consensus.


57% of Iraqi population near poverty; 23% below the line

Date: Sunday 07/10/2012 07:35 AM

Explained indicators modern United Nations and the World Bank that eight million Iraqis fall level below the poverty line, wondering at the same time about the reason for the existence of these statistical country has allocated the second largest budget in the region?, Which the surprise decision of the Commission of Economy and Investment parliamentary, especially as in country has the largest oil reserves in the world, stressing the need not to keep these rates, which he described as “horrific” and high in the country.

And Rapporteur of the Commission of Economy and investment MP oath Kurdistan Mahma Khalil told the “long” that has statistics and indications that budget of the Iraqi state will exceed “200 to 220″ billion dollars at the end of 2015, stressing the need to be a substantial portion of this budget to the people through “social security,” he said, adding that the state is responsible for the citizen who does not have a work and does not have any source to live, while she is one of the functions of the state no longer “ment” from the government to the people.

Khalil said the onus was on the government for not enactment of this Act, attributing the reason for the interactions and intersections political as he put it, with no law of social security at a time when countries do not have the capabilities possessed by Iraq pursuant to this Act shall enjoy the sons of all their rights and collateral, as well as to contribute significantly to the elimination of unemployment once and for all. Khelil said “when compared to the experience of the Kurdistan region in the nineties of the last century and the suffering of the country at the current stage, especially in the era of the nineties, which indicated the United Nations and the World Bank that the region was suffering from the problem of poverty, by more than” 30% “of the population which are classified without the poverty line, indicating that this ratio receded now to reach “5%” only, which is achieved in record time due to the transparency and clarity in the law of investment, and activating the role of the private sector which absorbed the largest possible number of workers, technicians and experts, stressing the need to “The federal government benefit from the experience of the region.”

Iraq investment repelling

No longer Khalil country ahead in the field of investment and the reduction of unemployment and job creation, attributing the reason for this for two reasons first is that the country has become “طاردا investment” because of the political pressure and legislative rules, in addition to the routine and financial and administrative corruption, as well as the neglect of the private sector which could absorb large numbers of labor, technicians and experts, especially as the Constitution provides in Article 25 on the interest and development of the private sector. Considering that these things have contributed to limit the growth of investment in the country.

He Khalil that country today promotes the role of the economy and privatization, but we find ourselves have become socialists more than socialism itself, stressing the need to combat extreme poverty is rampant in the country and create jobs, especially that some stations and promising in the Iraqi economy, and the government and politicians to become active these stations in order to grow properly, including the investment sector, which did not stir the wheel investment in the country, in addition to the absence of investment culture, adding that all sectors need to invest, and the best proof of that article 26 of the Constitution, which stipulates stimulate investment in all sectors, But in return, we find that the investment law, not the level of ambition and the need to substantial amendments, returned the money entering the country due to greater investment in three or four times its budget, stressing at the same time, the need to improve infrastructure investment.

And Khalil that the housing sector of the most important sectors of inclusive labor, especially because we need to (3-5) million housing units across the country, noting that invest one dollar in the housing and construction sector greatly increases the chances of work.

Terrifying figures ..

On a related matter, counting rapporteur of the committee of economy and investment parliamentary Social Security Act important and vital, as this law exists in the corridors of the House of Representatives, and the Committee responsible for the follow-up, the Committee for Labor and Social Affairs, which should provide an agenda for the legislation is the law perhaps basis, while We find that the rest of the solutions are (prosthesis), and that social security is an Iraqi maturity.

For his part, member of the Committee on the economy and investment parliamentary Qusay Abadi in a statement singled out (range) that the Social Security Act will pass this year, and that the law includes the allocation of funds to those who had no business or any financial resource to live, noting that 57% of Iraq’s population classified to being part of the poverty line, of whom 23% are below the poverty line, which calls for the need to encourage investment and activating the role of the private sector and qualifying to take its role in reducing poverty levels in the country.

While the deputy governor of the Central Bank of the appearance of Mohammed Saleh has stressed the need to limit such a large percentage that is equal to a quarter of Iraq almost from the estimated monthly income of less than two dollars per capita per day, and some of them live in extreme poverty income is less than a dollar a day , especially as this segment of concern in Iraq, which has the economic potential and significant financial income, as there are varied socially and a great class, there are very rich luxurious layer corresponding layer is very poor.

http://bit.ly/Oft8jb


Iraqi youth are demanding the country's politicians to start building the new Iraq
23-09-2012 | (Voice of Iraq)

Iraqi youth are demanding the country's politicians to start building the new Iraq

Commemorating the World Day of Peace by dancing and singing and music
World Peace Day celebrations involved in the ejected 130 young men and women (Al-Sharq Al-Awsat
Songs and performances in central Baghdad as part of the celebrations  Baghdad: the joys Shawki
Slogans and songs and theatrical and artistic variety, افترشت Gardens Park Abu Nawas, the center of the Iraqi capital Baghdad the day before yesterday, through festive major organized by the youth Iraqi volunteers Day to world peace, demanding that politicians of the country to renounce their differences and put an end to احتقانات sectarian, ethnic and security concerns that continue to threaten security and safety of citizens in more than nine years of age change in Iraq.

Celebration this year was characterized by the presence of a large audience, especially segments of young people who took organize all vocabulary and approaches the celebration with the participation of the quality of all of the components of Iraq, and on a voluntary basis, and style festive ensure their new ideas to strengthen the vocabulary of peace, with the help of Iraqi civil society organizations.

Attendees interacted with the ceremony and seemed as if they were plastic panel colors of their clothes, which were similar with the colors of spring, and contributed to the launch of balloons and bathrooms peace in heaven, amid laughter of childhood and wishes to live in Iraq, peace and love.

This year's celebration which involved directed 130 young men and women, diversity Bmnhajh, assuring theatrical shows entitled «Hrrona» performance of a talented young It aims to spread the vocabulary of peace and security in the country, and view paintings variety participation distinctive band of joy for children mobile, subscribe to the song Final All talked about the politicians to call for peace and the rejection of hatred, also participated singer of Dutch descent poem translated deputies talk about the role of Arab peace in peoples' lives.

The civil rights activist said, the struggle of the jeweler in his speech during the ceremony: «We call on all peace and defenders of human rights in parts of the earth, on the occasion of this day for solidarity together and looking forward to work together for the consolidation of peace and security for all.

He added: «The subject of peace for Iraqis fundamental issue, but they are still under the hammer threats and neglect service projects and build a new Iraq, despite the passage of so many years to change the dictatorial regime.

While said feminist activist and head of the Iraqi Al-Amal Association Hana Lador told «Middle East»: «Unfortunately our politicians could not secure real peace to the country despite the passage of more than nine years after the fall of the former regime. She added: «We are still afraid of terrorism and murder free and displacement, abduction, our young people are still suffering unemployment and school dropout and many other problems.

It showed «there is a major weakness of state institutions to find common themes between power and the citizen so far and this disrupts a lot of wheel construction and development that we seek him.

And most important feature festive this year, she said: «Day of Peace this year marked the participation of young people from all components of the Iraqi people, to assert their role real count him for challenging vocabulary sectarianism, nationalism and ethnic to ensure live in Iraq free of violence, as well as to challenge the authorities that trying to derail their interests.

Lador predicted «continuing disputes between politicians because of a lack of trust and constructive dialogue with each other, foreshadowing clashes the most serious and the destruction of any attempt to coexistence in a united federal Iraq.

And stressed the importance of involving the public in solving these problems and also engage young people for the withdrawal of political and sectarian tension in the country.

And revived artist expatriate Naseer Shamma concert technicians in Baghdad, by the way on stage national, on Friday organized by United Nations Development Programme in Iraq, and adopted which 14 political bloc Iraqi launch a joint statement expressing their commitment to working together for peace and an end to violence in Iraq, which has Since 2003, bloody violence that killed tens of thousands.

It is worth mentioning that the world celebrated on 21 September of each year World Day of Peace, as established by the General Assembly of the United Nations International Day of Peace in 1981 to «devote the ideals of peace within all nations and peoples and between both, and to promote those ideals» . Twenty years later, the General Assembly decided to be celebrating this day every year on September 21 as a «day of ceasefire and non-violence in the world», and called on all Member States, organizations of the United Nations system, regional organizations and non-governmental organizations and individuals to commemorate the International Day of Peace appropriately, including through education and public awareness, and to cooperate with the United Nations in achieving a cease-fire on a global scale.


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State law worried about demonstrations .. Congress demanding citizens' peaceful protest for their rights

Called members of the House of Representatives of citizens to demonstrate peacefully to demand their rights of providing security and services, having "made sure that the reform paper launched by the National Alliance does not only serve some political blocs powerful, and it was far from suffering the street from the lack of services and poor security."

He said the coalition of state law that peaceful demonstrations is not the best solution in this period, adding that raise at this time a new crisis addition, because the reform paper did not come into force. He called blocks, which urges citizens to demonstrate hold off and wait for the outcome of this paper, likely at the same time implementing reforms after the national meeting called by President Jalal Talabani. Kurdistan Alliance MP Chuan Mohamed Taha said, "The demonstrations may put pressure on the coalition on the one hand and the government on the other hand," he added, saying that "such demonstrations would be unsuccessful if parties intervened."

He Taha told how yesterday that "demonstrations are the right people and the exercise is normal, but he expressed his concern that" the intervention in the context of partisan political constraints. "And explained Taha claims some MPs protested because" the government and the coalition does not possess sincere intentions to resolve the crisis, " adding that "the reform paper did not come out the country from crises that do not expire, because of the State of Law coalition in power."

However, Taha said, "The demonstrations, which launched in February 2011 had resulted in the decision to reform the work of government institutions and cap 100 days but it did not apply to ground, "adding that" the year life of the government last did not provide them any kind of services that are most basic rights of citizens. "and ruled Taha that" the coalition is determined to implement the reform paper this, "likely to" be this paper to gain time, no more . "

For his part, a coalition of state law," the demonstrations of no avail, "considering the timing in this period," lead to the creation a new crisis, "and urged blocs calling her a" careful and wait to see what will come out with him and reform paper is implemented so far, "according to Description MP Ibrahim Rikabi. added Rikabi told how yesterday that reform paper "began to take echo certain the most blocs calling for the withdrawal of confidence, and that leaders in these blocks expressed full satisfaction for paper items."

He Rikabi that the paper "includes resolving all outstanding problems, In case of implementation will go political crisis to another road. "and ceilings time to implement reforms Rikabi" still invite the President of the Republic of interest to all the blocks, and implementation of its provisions will be after sitting on the table Talabani and consult extensively and serious about the mechanism that will be followed by the National Alliance in its implementation. "likely to be reform paper" solution for 70 percent of the problems. "and called on the leadership of the Kurdistan Alliance, Mahmoud Othman citizens to demonstrate peacefully in case of failure of the National Alliance implementing reform paper and solve the political crisis. described the leader of the Islamic Supreme Council of Iraq, Jalal al-Saghir political movement going on in the political arena to "laugh at the Chins," stressing that "conversations politicians during meetings and events where there is no such thing as a service to the citizen."

Saghir said according to a statement received long copy yesterday that "politicians are moving to are to have their posts and positions either what will happen to the children people? How will eat poor?, How will address the poverty crisis?, How will deal with the electricity crisis that did not Tstas in any country of the world except in Iraq, with the countries of the world, most poor and Iraq is rich, did not speak how they will spend on youth unemployment. "And noted small that "politicians do not speak in their meetings about the existence of corruption, constipation one or spoiler for serious desire to go down to the markets in order to know any expensive in the prices of materials provided to the citizen, never speaks those for all of these things."


HSBC Bank expresses desire to withdraw from Iraqi market; Lack of economic feasibility

09/19/2012 15:56:34

BAGHDAD (Iba) .. Source revealed a desire to HSBC bank global withdrawal of the Iraqi market.

The source said the reporter and the independent press (Iba) Bank (HSBC) has decided to withdraw from Iraq to the lack of economic feasibility of survival in the Iraqi market due to the lack of a clear economic and political parameters.

The source added that the bank believes that economic policy in Iraq moving toward tightening the central and the continued work of the Organization of laws that entrench the concept of socialism economic Kinsah, criticizing not to make way for financial institutions to work flexibly.

He added that the size of the risk and costs required by the operation of an international bank such as HSBC in a country like Iraq is very high, stressing that the Group’s management on the verge of making a decision to leave the Iraqi market.

He noted that the financial and administrative corruption a major role in influencing the Bank’s work in Iraq and its tendency to take such a decision.

The Bank (HSBC) sixteen branches in Iraq distributed among the various provinces, including the provinces that have seen violence against the U.S. presence in Iraq, where the bank is the first global financial institution to enter the Iraqi market after 2003.

The Bank of England’s decision came at a time Iraq participates large official delegation at the conference and exhibition on financial, banking and investment held in the British capital London.

Minister of Construction and Housing Mohammed Darraji that the conference is an important opportunity for Iraq to support the development of Iraqi banks in addition to opening the door for investment to international companies and what I need from bank guarantees that can be provided by international banks.

The Bank of England’s decision to withdraw from the Iraqi market, a negative sign on the banking situation in the country, which already suffers from frequent criticism locally as a result of the failure of the methods adopted in the work, in addition to the weakness of private banks and government domination of the work in this sector.

The World Bank seeks to restructure work in the Iraqi banking sector, with increasing calls parliamentary issuing appropriate legislation in this area, has been charged to the government of trying to control the central bank, which is an independent institution.

As private banks faced in recent weeks, numerous accusations of attempts to smuggle foreign currency from Iraq and money laundering operations.

http://bit.ly/PHVWgw-TheCurrencyNewshound



WORLD -- September 10, 2012 at 5:05 PM EDT

Iraqi VP Death Sentence Hints at Wider Sunni-Shia Conflict

By: Margaret Warner

Iraqi Vice President Tariq al-Hashemi speaks to reporters after a meeting with the leader of Iraq's autonomous Kurdistan in Istanbul, Turkey, on April 19. Photo by Bulent Kilic/AFP/Getty Images.

The fugitive Iraqi vice president sentenced to death Sunday on charges of murder is refusing to take the usual avenue open to him, to return to Iraq to appeal the verdict in person. The reason is simple, his advisers say. He fears for his life.

"There's no doubt about it," Mark Alsalih, an adviser to Vice President Tariq al-Hashemi, said to me today by phone from Dubai. "There's not a shred of doubt that he'd be in physical danger." Even with the world looking on? "That won't matter. A bomb will go off, and they'll say, 'Oh, it's one of the many bombings we have here in Iraq.' "

Whether Hashemi is right about the danger -- or whether he won't return because he's guilty -- it's not a good sign about the state of affairs in Iraq when a top Sunni political figure lacks confidence in one of the most basic assurances of a democratic society.

It's impossible to untangle the rights and wrongs of the case. Hashemi fled to Turkey last December when the Shiite-led government of Prime Minister Nouri al-Maliki -- on the day after the last U.S. forces left -- issued terror charges against him, accusing him of masterminding death squads against his rivals.

Hashemi's supporters say the case is politically motivated, evidence of Maliki's unwillingness to share political power. Hashemi's detractors say the Sunni leader's hands aren't clean.

Wherever the truth lies, there's clearly deep distrust between the majority Shiites and minority Sunnis in Iraq, and more widely in the region. "Maliki controls the Ministry of Defense, Interior and Intelligence, and is using them to establish himself as a dictator," Alsalih said. "He's following in the footsteps of Saddam Hussein, only this time backed by Iran."

When I asked a senior Turkish diplomat about that charge, he said, "It's obvious. Everyone sees it. He controls every lever of power. This is no democracy that the U.S. left behind."

James Jeffrey, just departed as U.S. ambassador to Iraq, disputes that. "This is a coalition government," he said. "It has Sunni Arab participation. And by and large, people in Iraq are living together peacefully. But he warns, "This can be endangered if people are not careful."

Along with the political standoff has come a slight uptick in violence, mostly by Sunni insurgents against Shias. According to U.N. statistics, more Iraqis died from attacks in the first six months of 2012 than in the same period in 2011. It's nowhere near the level of the bloody years of 2006 and 2007, but the trend is not moving in the right direction.

The deeper risk is not just instability in Iraq, but a wider sectarian conflagration in the region. Iraq's Sunni neighbors see spreading pattern of Sunni-Shia conflict simmering in Iraq, flowering in Syria, and threatening Lebanon and even Turkey with instability. They see the flames being fanned by Shiite-led Iran, which is now shipping military supplies through Iraqi airspace to Syria. They're equally troubled by the growing presence in Syria of al-Qaida fighters from Iraq.

"Extremists, including foreigners, are playing a bigger role with the Syrian rebels, and heavier weapons are moving into the region," the Turkish diplomat said. "The fire is burning."

In an op-ed in the Washington Post last weekend, Jeffrey warned of a Balkans-like scenario that "might violently split Syria, and then Iraq and finally the region along sectarian lines."

Many of the regional players want the United States to do more, to lean on Maliki to share power to buy himself more political stability. But with American troops gone and Iraq pumping oil, Washington's leverage is limited. And the administration's Iraq jawboner-in chief, Vice President Joe Biden, is consumed by the election campaign. For now Iraq -- like the rest of the region -- will have to hold together on its own.


Democracy Still Fragile in Iraq, Where Sectarian Tensions Reach Breaking Point

To watch the NPR video...
http://www.pbs.org/newshour/bb/world/july-dec12/iraq2_09-10.html

Transcript

MARGARET WARNER: For more now, I'm joined by Dr. Laith Kubba. He served as Iraqi government spokesman in 2005, and now he's director for the Middle East at the National Endowment for Democracy.

And Feisal Istrabadi, who served as former deputy Iraqi ambassador to the United Nations from 2004 to 2007, he's now director of the Center for Middle East Studies at Indiana University.

And, Laith Kubba, beginning with you, what does this death sentence and the reaction to it tell us about the state of play in Iraq right now, particularly politically?

LAITH KUBBA, former Iraq government spokesman: Well, it's obviously a sign.

It's going to raise the temperature at a difficult moment. I think if it happen two years ago, maybe Iraq can bear it and it will pass. The fact it is happening now, in the context of Iraq's internal problems and what's going on in the region, is worrying.

You have a huge bloc, which is a bloc that more or less won the largest votes in Iraq, has put its weight behind the vice president. I think other Sunni leaders are worried, if this passes, then they might be next on the list.

I think the Kurds have been unhappy for a while. So, all of this is going to raise the temperature. And bear in mind, while the people themselves, the Iraqis, can live without sectarian tension, they're OK, but their politicians are playing those sentiments. And this is what is worrying. And the timing it of it is most worrying.

MARGARET WARNER: Feisal Istrabadi, how do you see it?

FEISAL ISTRABADI, former deputy Iraqi ambassador to the United Nations: I agree with much of what Laith has said.

The problem is that, as the political leaders in Iraq continue to play these sectarian games, you also see that reflected in the broader population. It is very worrying.

It seems to me a sign that Maliki doesn't intend to engage in reconciliation and in power-sharing, instead, that he intends to assert his continuing dominance over Iraq. And that, too, is a worrying sign.

MARGARET WARNER: What about that point, Laith Kubba, the criticism that Maliki really is not sharing power? Where does the truth of that lie?

LAITH KUBBA: Well, I think Maliki...

MARGARET WARNER: I mean, there are some Sunnis in the coalition government, are there not?

LAITH KUBBA: Right.

And I think, to be, like, really accurate here, Maliki, by his instinct, realized that a lot of Iraqis want a strong state. They want to build state institutions. They want security. And this will not come cost-free. So, I think maybe he took advantage, like any other politician, of pushing the envelope there. And every...

MARGARET WARNER: Meaning that the Iraqis wanted stability above all, and so he thought, even if it means having a strongman.

LAITH KUBBA: Right.

And I think opinion polls, especially among the Shias, gives him positive feedback that the more than he is taking those daring risks, he's actually gaining popularity. It might be at the expense of other important things, but, by and large, the feedback he is getting is encouraging him to go that way.

Now, again, taken out of context, you might say this is OK. But, in reality, Iraq is still fragile. Democracy is still a work in progress. You don't have a media that will keep an eye on power. You don't have a strong judicial system. So you're having violations. And in an atmosphere where power is politicized so much, this becomes a problem.

MARGARET WARNER: Feisal Istrabadi, no group claimed responsibility for these bombings, this coordinated -- these coordinated bombings on Sunday. But are they part and parcel of the same sectarian tensions politically?

FEISAL ISTRABADI: I think so.

We always say that al-Qaida is responsible for these things, and it probably is. And from -- and, in the next few days, it may or may not claim responsibility. The issue is, where does the average Sunni, say, in Anbar Province, which direction does he decide to go?

If he sees that whether he votes or whether he stays at home, or whether he votes for sectarian candidates or whether he votes for a nonsectarian nationalist candidate, and whether they lose the election or whether they win the elections, absolutely no change occurs in the governing structure of the country, that individual may well start to look the other way as al-Qaida attempts to reinfiltrate in Iraq.

And that's the real danger, as I see it.

MARGARET WARNER: And, Laith Kubba, what's the overlap between what is happening in Iraq right now and what's happening in Syria?

LAITH KUBBA: A great, great deal.

Number one, sectarianism in Syria is now fully fledged there. And I think this is going to resonate in Iraq. Do not forget violence in Iraq is still an active memory. It's not even a residual memory. This can easily be reignited in Iraq.

And, in fact, there are hundreds, if not thousands of people crossing the borders both ways. Now, if Iran strategically loses Syria, which is where things are heading, Iran will increase and consolidate its presence in Iraq, because that is -- it's going to become a vital frontier for Iran.

So, that fight is going to move into Iraq. And we have already seen tension with Turkey. So the spillover of what's happening in Syria will resonate not only amongst Iraqi politicians, but it will cut much deeper inside Iraq.

MARGARET WARNER: Feisal Istrabadi, how do you see the connection with Syria? Is it that al-Qaida in Iraq has been exporting fighters and weapons into Syria, or is it a blowback from Syria into Iraq, or both?

FEISAL ISTRABADI: I think it's a little bit of both.

We have had periods where the current Syrian regime has allowed al-Qaida to use Syrian territory as a launching ground to enter Iraq through the early period of the U.S. invasion. There may be some cross-border going -- you know, going the other way, but, fundamentally, it's a fairly porous border.

And what you have to keep in mind that the Sunni of Iraq will enjoy the support of most of Iraq's neighbors, all of them with the possible exception of Iran. This is a very worrying sign if you are trying to engender genuine stability, not stability at the barrel of a gun.

MARGARET WARNER: So, Laith Kubba, does that mean that this can really fragment into sort of a broader Sunni-Shia conflict in the region?

LAITH KUBBA: I think, as I said, the temperature has risen. And we're getting closer to a break point.

I think, as far as al-Qaida, just to underline, it's a living organization. It's finding an appropriate climate. It will breed, spread, and re-root itself. And it will touch Iraq. It's a totally independent factor.

But then you go into the other politics, I think, that Feisal mentioned, which is there is the Shia-Sunni issue. And there are Iraq's neighbors who all are looking at the strategic balance against Iran. And Iraq is going to be a frontier for that fight.

MARGARET WARNER: It's not a pretty picture.

Well, Laith Kubba and Feisal Istrabadi, thank you both.

FEISAL ISTRABADI: Thank you.





«

Iraqiyya, the Kurds & Disputed Territories in Iraq: The Grassroots Reaction

Posted by Reidar Visser on Monday, 21 May 2012 16:47

Sooner or later, it was bound to happen: Grassroots elements in the secular and traditionally Iraqi nationalist Iraqiyya would feel unhappy about the ever more intimate ties between their own leadership and the Kurds.

In an unprecedented expression of dissatisfaction with the course of Iraqiyya leader Ayyad Allawi, no less than 19 parliamentary deputies that are either part of Iraqiyya or have recently defected from it expressed their support for Prime Minister Nuri al-Maliki yesterday by signing a declaration of solidarity with his policies towards the Kurds. The declaration criticizes the current political crisis for being fabricated and alleges that accusations about “dictatorship” should more properly be addressed to Kurdish leader Masud Barzani, who has ruled for several decades. The highhandedness of Kurdish security forces (peshmerga) and secret police (asayish) in disputed territories in northern Iraq is highlighted as an area of particular concern.

It is worthwhile taking a look at the identity of the signatories. Almost all of them are Sunnis from various parts of northern Iraq, including Kirkuk, Nineveh and Anbar. In terms of bloc affiliations, most are either from the recent blocs of Iraqiyya defectors (Free Iraqiyya &  Wataniyun) or belonging to small lists. But it is noteworthy that there are also a couple of deputies from the Hiwar bloc of deputy PM Salih al-Mutlak and the Hall bloc of Jamal al-Karbuli. Historically, the Kirkuk issue is something that tends to bring Iraqi Sunni and Shiite Arabs and Turkmens together in opposition against Kurdish plans for annexing the city, as was evidenced by the 22 July trend back in 2008. However, thanks in part to US opposition, Maliki failed to mobilise on Kirkuk during the debate of the election law in autumn 2009 and has remained relatively aloof from the situation there until quite recently.

Importantly, no less than 12 of these 19 Maliki supporters are still technically reckoned as belonging to Iraqiyya. That, in turn, has implications for the arithmetical exercises being carried out these days about a possible no confidence vote in Maliki. What this means in practice is that Iraqiyya can probably muster no more than a maximum 75 votes in parliament from its own ranks  for an anti-Maliki vote – and that is the absolute maximum given the poor track record of many Iraqiyya MPs in terms of parliamentary attendance. In other words, even if the 40 or so Sadrists deputies should after all go all the way and join the Maliki critics in a move to sack him (a big if), there would be trouble garnering the required 163 deputies needed for an absolute majority (the Kurds command somewhere between 43 and 57 votes, depending on the position of independents and minorities).

Meanwhile, from Beirut, following rumours  about a possible rapprochement with Maliki, Mutlak himself cannot quite seem to make up his mind whether he truly does regard the Iraqi prime minister as a “dictator” or not. Maybe he and other Iraqiyya leaders should spend less time making statements from locations far away from Baghdad and instead spend some more time with their constituencies in northern Iraq. If not, they themselves – rather than Maliki – may end up as the main casualty of their current campaign to unseat him.


Readings reveal embezzlement in the prime minister estimated "430" million

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23/08/2012 8:26 am

A source in the Office of Financial Supervision for financial embezzlement in the prime minister estimated "430" million dollars over the past three years.

The source said the site readings that BSA and through committee formed in this regard has audited and matching statements Exchange in the Prime Minister's Office with assets adopted by amounts of exchange within the specified Doors, noting that the committee found clear differences.

He stressed that the Committee submitted its report to the presidency of the Board of Supreme Audit, which will take it upon themselves to approach the prime minister, pointing out that the case falls within the financial corruption and to be forwarded to the Integrity Commission to take the necessary measures.


Iraqi Council of Representatives reveals the involvement of politicians in money laundering

Thursday, August 23, 2012 - 8:45 PM


BAGHDAD - ASHA

Revealed the Iraqi Council of Representatives, about his conception of the documents and recordings of well-known Iraqi politicians, likely to be involved in money laundering operations, and deposited in the banks of some of Iraq's neighboring countries.

A member of the Finance Committee in the Iraqi Parliament, Haitham al-Jubouri, on Thursday: "The Committee concluded the documents and recordings of a number of politicians, accused of money laundering and deposited in the banks of the United Arab Emirates, Jordan and Lebanon."

Jubouri revealed the formation of a committee of parliament soon to uncover the truth of the names involved with money laundering, adding that he must make sure that some of the information in detail.

The Iraqi law required financial institutions in the country, including banks, implementation determined by the central bank and what is the decision of the legal rules, and to inform on suspicious financial activities.



Features & Analysis

 The Conspiratorial Mind of Iraq’s Prime Minister Nouri al-Maliki
15/08/2012 01:57

By Joel Wing*

Iraq’s Prime Minister Nouri al-Maliki lived in exile for over twenty years, while Saddam Hussein was in power. As a member of the outlawed Islamic Dawa Party, he felt like his life was in danger, and ended up fleeing to Syria and Iran. During his years living abroad, he was in a world of intrigue facing internal divisions within Dawa, having to deal with government and intelligence officials from Tehran and Damascus, and the other exile opposition parties. Back in Iraq, Dawa was conducting an armed struggle against the regime, leading to constant round-ups and executions, meaning that Maliki was always under threat from Baghdad’s agents. Those long years away from home, shaped Maliki, and how he saw politics. After the U.S. invasion in 2003, Maliki returned to Iraq mistrustful of others, and with a conspiratorial mind, which has played a large role in how he has governed as premier.

An example of how Maliki’s history played a role in his leadership style was how he reacted to the formation of the Sons of Iraq (SOI) during the Surge. In early 2007, tribes, insurgents, and others began organizing in places like Diyala against Al Qaeda in Iraq. In June, General David Petraeus decided to support the formation of Sunni groups to fight the insurgency, as part of the Surge’s overall strategy of trying to separate those that were capable of reconciling from those who were not. While the prime minister agreed to set up a committee to deal with the SOI, he and his officials relentlessly attacked the program at the same time. They said the fighters would eventually turn against the government, because they were full of Al Qaeda members, insurgents, and Baathists. As a result, Baghdad refused to pay them as the U.S. continually asked them to do, and threatened to disband the SOI units as soon as the fighting was over. (1) Since many of the SOI were militants it was no surprise that the prime minister would refuse to accept them. In 2007, Iraq was still in the middle of a very bloody sectarian civil war, so it was understandable that a Shiite politician would be weary of a bunch of Sunni fighters put together by a foreign power. Where Maliki’s past came in to play was how he interpreted the SOI program. The Americans continually tried to convince the prime minister that the Sons of Iraq were a positive development since it was draining away support from militants, and helping to improve security. Instead, Maliki took the SOI as a plot by the Americans to overthrow his government. He continuously refuted the U.S.’s explanations, and instead thought in terms of conspiracies. To him, the only reason why the Coalition forces could be working with people who were formally fighting the government was to undermine it. That’s why even though Maliki agreed to integrate the SOI in December, he continued to deride them, and more than four years later there are still 30,000 fighters without public jobs as they were promised. To this day, Maliki still appears to be weary of the Sons of Iraq.

When Iraq held parliamentary elections in March 2010, the prime minister cried foul. As soon as the results were made public, and his rival Iraqi National Movement (INM) came out as the winner, Maliki claimed that it had cheated. He said that up to 750,000 votes were involved, which had cost his State of Law list 11 seats in parliament, enough to make it the winner. The premier said that the Election Commission was responsible, and was working for his opponents, and the United States, which was against his re-election. He ended up calling for a recount, but it did not change the results. Maliki then blamed that on the United Nations and the United States for not listening to his complaints, and trying to impose what he considered unfair election results upon him. It didn’t end there. The next year, State of Law accused the Election Commission of being pro-INM, and ran an unsuccessful no confidence vote against it in parliament in July 2011. Again, Maliki revealed the same set of thinking as he did with the Sons of Iraq. He was convinced that everyone was arrayed against him from the Iraqi National Movement to the Election Commission to the United Nations to the United States. He believed that all of them were working together to deny him a second term in office by fixing the 2010 vote, and forcing the results upon him in a grand plot.

That wasn’t the end of the drama surrounding the 2010 election. As the Iraqi National Movement continued to oppose Maliki and attempted to hold a no confidence vote against him, Maliki saw another group of players opposing him. Before and after the voting, INM leaders like Iyad Allawi and Vice President Tariq al-Hashemi made a number of regional tours to countries like Turkey, Saudi Arabia, Qatar, and others. All of those countries supported the National Movement during the vote. State of Law took those trips as a sign that all those powers were working with the National Movement to depose him. To Maliki, Turkey, Saudi Arabia, and the others were trying to bring back Sunni rule in Iraq, and that’s why he believed that they were behind the INM and the no confidence vote.

Finally, nothing seems to be beyond Maliki’s conspiratorial thinking. Iraq has had electricity problems since the 1991 Gulf War when most of its infrastructure was bombed. Maliki’s government has consistently said that it would fix the power grid, but supply has never met demand. There are constant black outs as a result, and protests have broken out in the last three years as well. Instead of blaming poor planning or other issues, State of Law instead pointed the finger at a regional plot. In August 2012, a State of Law politician claimed that foreign countries were working with officials within the Electricity Ministry to cut production, undermine its development programs all in an attempt to bring down the government. It would not be surprising if Maliki saw this as a continuation of the 2010 election as his rivals have failed to get rid of him politically, so now they are attempting to foster a public uprising against him. It seems like Maliki and his followers are incapable of analyzing any event without thinking of it as some sort of covert plan by their enemies to destroy them.

 

The years spent abroad gave Prime Minister Nouri al-Maliki a distorted view of politics. Joost Hiltermann of the International Crisis Group has postulated that Maliki’s apprehensions and fears served him well as an exile since he survived those turbulent times, but that those are exactly the wrong characteristics to be a leader of a country. The prime minister is not just playing hardball tactics or trying to grab power for power’s sake. Instead, his time in exile has made him paranoid that his enemies are constantly working against him. At one time or another he has seen the Sons of Iraq, the United States, the United Nations, the Election Commission, the Iraqi National Movement, Turkey, Saudi Arabia, and Qatar as all plotting against him. This is the reason why he has concentrated more and more authority in his hands. To him, and too many others of Iraq’s ruling elite, politics are a zero sum game. If Maliki didn’t assume control of the security forces for instance, his rivals would, and they would use it against him. He therefore believes he must take those types of actions to survive in post-Saddam Iraq. The fact that this has increased opposition to him only makes Maliki more paranoid that various forces are ganging up against him rather than attempting to compromise and defuse the situation. The prime minister’s mindset simply does not allow him to change, meaning that there will be future crises and continued deadlock, which Maliki will all see as plots and conspiracies against him.

*With an MA in International Relations, Joel Wing has been researching and writing about Iraq since 2002. His acclaimed blog, Musings on Iraq, is currently listed by the New York Times and the World Politics Review. In addition, Mr. Wing’s work has been cited by the Center for Strategic and International Studies, the Guardian and the Washington Independent.

RY/AKnews


Features

Iraq: A country in shambles

Despite promises made for improvements, Iraq's economy and infrastructure are still a disaster.
Dahr Jamail Last Modified: 09 Jan 2012 12:49
In Sadr City, Bahgdad, the streets are cracked, filled with potholes, and strewn with refuse [Dahr Jamail/Al Jazeera]

Baghdad, Iraq - As a daily drumbeat of violence continues to reverberate across Iraq, people here continue to struggle to find some sense of normality, a task made increasingly difficult due to ongoing violence and the lack of both water and electricity.

During the build-up to the US-led invasion of Iraq, the Bush administration promised the war would bring Iraqis a better life, and vast improvements in their infrastructure, which had been severely debilitated by nearly 13 years of strangling economic sanctions.

More jobs, improved water availability, more reliable electricity supplies, and major rehabilitation of the medical infrastructure were promised.

But now that the US military has ended its formal military occupation of Iraq, nearly eight years of war has left the promises as little more than a mirage.

Ongoing water shortages

Hashim Hassan is the Deputy Director of the Baghdad Water Authority (BWA), and he admits to an ongoing shortage of clean drinking water for Baghdad's seven million residents.

"We produce 2.5 million cubic litres daily, so there is a shortage of 1m cubic litres every day," Hassan explained to Al Jazeera. "We've added projects to increase water availability, and we are hoping to stop the ongoing shortage by the end of 2012."

According to Hassan, 80 per cent of the Baghdad's piping network needs rehabilitation - work currently underway - in addition to positioning 100 compact units around the city, which would increase clean water availability until larger plants can come fully online.

Several water treatment plants are already being extended, including one that would increase the capacity of a wastewater treatment facility in Sadr City, a sprawling slum of roughly three million people.

Follow in-depth coverage of the nation in flux

Hassan said that health committees and the Ministry of Environment carry out tests, and along with BWA testing, 1,000 water samples are checked daily, "less than one per cent of the samples fail" he said. The "acceptable threshold" is five per cent.

Bechtel, a multi-billion dollar US-based global engineering and construction company - whose board members have close ties to the former Bush administration - received $2.3bn of Iraqi reconstruction funds and US taxpayer money, but left the country without completing many of the tasks it set out to.

Bechtel's contract for Iraq had included reconstruction of water treatment systems, electricity plants, sewage systems, airports and roads.

Managers at water departments around Iraq say that the only repairs they managed during the US occupation were through UN offices and humanitarian aid organisations. The ministry provided them with very little chlorine for water treatment. "New projects" were no more than simple maintenance operations that did little to halt collapsing infrastructure.

Bechtel was among the first companies, along with Halliburton (where former US Vice-President Dick Cheney once worked), to have received fixed-fee contracts drawn to guarantee profit.

Ahmed al-Ani who works with a major Iraqi construction contracting company told Al Jazeera the model Bechtel adopted was certain to fail.

"They charged huge sums of money for the contracts they signed, then they sold them to smaller companies who resold them again to small inexperienced Iraqi contractors," Ani said. "These inexperienced contractors then had to execute the works badly because of the very low prices they get, and the lack of experience."

According to a March 2011 report by the UN's Inter-Agency Information and Analysis Unit, one in five Iraqi households use an unsafe source of drinking water, and another 16 per cent report daily supply problems.

The situation is even worse in rural areas, where only 43 per cent have access to safe drinking water, and water available for agriculture is usually scarce and of very poor quality. These facts have led more Iraqis than ever to leave rural communities in search of water and work in the cities, further compounding already existing problems there.

The UN report states: "Quality of water used for drinking and agriculture is poor, violating Iraq National Standards and WHO guidelines. Leaking sewage pipes and septic tanks contaminate the drinking water network with wastewater. Eighty per cent of households do not treat water before drinking. Furthermore, just 18 per cent of wastewater is treated, with the rest released directly into waterways."

And this is exactly what many Iraqis experience first-hand.

"Sometimes we turn on the tap and nothing comes," explained Baghdad resident Ali Abdullah. "Other times the colour is brown, or yellow, or sometimes even smells of benzene."

Electricity and sewage

Street side electricity generators are now a common sight around Iraq's capital city, where the average home receives between four and eight hours of electricity each day. Some areas, such as Sadr City, receive an average of less than five hours a day, with some portions of the area receiving a mere hour to two a day - and sometimes none at all.

Many people opt to simply pay private vendors for electricity from the generators, whose owners run lines to their respective clients.

Some areas of Baghdad continue to receive one to five hours of electricity a day [Dahr Jamail/Al Jazeera]

Nabil Toufiq is a generator operator who serves 220 homes for 12 hours each day.

"We buy our diesel on the black market, not from the government," he told Al Jazeera. "We expect this business to continue forever because government corruption prevents them from fixing our problems."

Abu Zahra, a media liaison worker with the office of Shia cleric Muqtada al-Sadr in Sadr City, Baghdad, explained that, in addition to the ongoing lack of electricity, every aspect of the infrastructure in the area needs improvement.

"We are depending on the street generators," Zahra said, before going on to say that roads have been resurfaced, but due to corruption causing corners to be cut, the pavement begins to fracture and break apart within six months, causing the cycle to begin again.

This is readily apparent, as the garbage-strewn roads are bumpy, cracking, with potholes abundant.

Turn off one of the main thoroughfares through the area and one quickly finds dirt roads with sewage streaming down the gutters.

Zahra said that one of the hopes of Sadr joining the political fray was that this area of Baghdad would obtain better services - but this has clearly not come to pass.

"Sadr asked the government to give better services and jobs here, but nothing has happened," he said, while children played near raw sewage. "There have been demonstrations here where people carried shovels asking for work, and empty kerosene cans asking for fuel. Meanwhile, we have a totally failed sewage system that needs complete reconstruction."

While water-borne diseases and diarrhoea are common across Baghdad, but they are rampant in Sadr City, where the lack of potable water, coupled with raw sewage flowing through many of the streets, make the spread of disease inevitable.

Toufiq pointed out an issue that does not bode well for the future - and likely aptly describes the root of Iraq's myriad problems.

"Many people make a living from the system being broken," he said. "From the government, to me, to the gas sellers."

Broken economy

According to the UNDP, Iraq has a poverty rate of 23 per cent, which means roughly six million Iraqis are plagued by poverty and hunger, despite the recent increase in Iraq's oil exports. Iraq's Ministry of Planning has also announced that the country needed some $6.8bn to reduce the level of poverty in the country.

Zahra concurs.

"No-one in my family has a job," he said. "And in my sister's house, they are seven adults, and only two of them work."

Inside a busy market, Hassan Jaibur, a medical assistant who cannot find work in his field, is instead selling fruit. 

"The situation is bad and getting worse," he said. "Prices continue to rise, and there are no real jobs. All we can do is live today."

Jaibur said he and his family are living on the fruit he sells, but he has a sick child and any profits he earns all go to medication.

"All of my relatives and friends are in a similar situation," he added. "Most of them try to find work as day labourers."

Gheda Karam, like so many in Iraq today, is the sole supporter of her family [Dahr Jamail/Al Jazeera]

Gheda Karam sells dates and fruits. Her husband was paralysed during the Iraq-Iran war, and the benefits they get from the government for his disability are not enough.

"My family is suffering too much," she told Al Jazeera. "Even yesterday we did not eat dinner. We are 20 of us in an old house, and I'm the only one with work."

She paused to cry, then wiped away the tears.

"My children see things in the market they want to eat or drink, but we can afford none of it, and I am in debt to the fruit sellers. God help us."

The state of the economy in Iraq is a disaster. Yet this irony is highlighted by the fact that Iraq has proven oil reserves third only behind Saudi Arabia and Iran - hence one would expect it to be one of the wealthiest countries in the world.

But nowhere is the lack of economic growth more evident than in Baghdad. According to the Central Bank of Iraq, unemployment and "under-employment" are both at 46 per cent, although many in Iraq feel this is a generously low estimate.

Iraq continues to have a cash economy; meaning there are no credit cards, almost no checking accounts, no transfer of electronic funds, and only a few ATMs.

Iraq lacks a functioning postal service, has no public transportation, nor a national airline - and most goods sold in Iraq are imported.

Only in the autonomous Kurdish region in northern Iraq is there rapid development and an effectively functioning government.

Iraq is ranked the eighth most corrupt country in the world, according to Transparency International. That means Iraq is tied with Haiti, and just barely less corrupt than Afghanistan.

One of Iraq's ministers recently took a forced resignation because he signed a billion-dollar contract with a bankrupt German company, along with a shell company in Canada, which had no assets or operations, only an address.

Lack of security

Recent spates of coordinated bombings that have killed more than 100 Iraqis and wounded more than 200 in the past few weeks are evidence of Iraq's current security situation.

Despite Iraq's own forces numbering 280,000 soldiers with 645,000 police and border guards, for a total of nearly one million men, and a capital city clogged with checkpoints, security remains elusive.

As Prime Minister Nour al-Maliki said recently, there can be no security without political stability. Given that his critics accuse al-Maliki of upsetting the delicate political balance within the Iraqi government by ordering the arrest of Vice President Tareq al-Hashimi, his words ring truer than ever.

Despite most of the daily violence in Iraq having long since fallen from the headlines, reports are constant and blood continues to flow.

Reported attacks around the country on January 3 included a roadside bomb killing an Iraqi soldier near Mosul, a sticky bomb seriously wounding a Pershmerga guard in Kirkuk, gunmen killing a Sahwa militia member and his wife in Muqdadiya, and a roadside bomb which wounded three civilians in Baghdad - to name but a few.

When most Iraqis are asked what their main concern is, "security" tends to be the first answer, then followed by electricity, water, jobs, and healthcare. Yet security is the foundation upon which the rest of the infrastructure can be built, so ongoing attacks across Iraq, and the chaos they bring, do not bode well for the future.

In December 2011, Iraq signed a deal worth roughly $3bn to buy 18 more F-16 fighter jet planes from the United States - a controversial move given that it occurred while Maliki was making moves his critics say were nothing more than consolidating power.

During a December press conference with al-Maliki, President Obama said, "We've got to train [Iraq's] pilots and make sure that they're up and running and that we have an effective Iraqi air force."

Most Iraqis would prefer to have their streets safe, before worrying about their airspace.

And for people like Gheda Karam, whose family is having to skip meals on a regular basis, a government that would spend $3bn on improving infrastructure and the economy would be preferred over one that buys highly advanced warplanes


Economist: there is a misconception to invest in the country

Posted: January 27, 2012 

27-01-2012

Bore the economic and investment commission in the House the government responsible for the failure of the investment sector, calling for the establishment of an integrated system to support investment and investors participate in most of the institutions of the state in addition to the private sector.

A member of the Committee of Economy and investment representative Abdul Hussein Abtan for “Twilight News” that the government with most of the ministries responsible for the failure of the investment sector and attract investors to Iraq. He pointed out that the obstacles facing investors in government departments such as financial and administrative corruption and extortion by some of the staff caused the decline in investment in all areas.

Abtan said that in Iraq today is a breeding ground to encourage investors to invest in all sectors, pointing to the need to establish the largest institution of the current investment.

He called Abtan to the formation of an integrated system in which most of the state institutions and the participation of the private sector to move the wheel of investment and attract investors.

It revealed the Finance Committee representative, earlier, that the International Monetary Fund called for in his recent visit to Iraq, the House of Representatives not to enact laws that contribute to undermine the growth of the Iraqi economy, indicating that the legislation of laws increase the operational budget at the expense of investment irritated the International Monetary Fund.

For his part, said the economist Majid picture for the Agency (news): The process of creating moles of business by some neighboring countries in Iraq, this does not mean an investment but it will encourage the import foreign goods and there is a misconception to invest into some companies, the neighboring countries to Iraq to open its moles of commercial discharge the cargo under the pretext of investment, which in fact is not an investment but also encourage the import of foreign goods.

He added the picture: that the investment process means open industrial plants by international companies in Iraq of goods produced local singing outside the country of import of consumer goods.

The proposed investment of the picture all the industrial plants and to bring them to work with international companies in order to gain international experience and the development of local products for the purpose of strengthening the Iraqi economy and promotion.

He said the picture: that the industrial and agricultural development of the country is very important because they provide all the things required by the citizens of the food or goods from industrial products, calling for the development of future strategic plan for the advancement of the different economic sectors.

The House passed in October 2006 Iraqi investment law, which it was said at the time that he would open the doors wide the foreign investment, due to introducing a lot of facilities to foreign investors, many foreign companies are still hesitant because of fears that the security situation is stable in Iraq, adding that the law did not give investors the right to ownership of the property the project, and equated the Iraqi and foreign investor.

http://bit.ly/wL6g6e


In Iraq, Maliki is a man of the shadows

By ,

Is Prime Minister Nouri al-Maliki — suspicious eyes, wary demeanor, brows furrowed by years living in the underground — really the face of today’s Iraq? Unfortunately, the answer is yes, and America helped make it that way.

Maliki’s visit to Washington this week has been a time for taking stock of Iraq eight years after the U.S. invasion. What did America achieve in overthrowing Saddam Hussein and battling a stubborn insurgency? It brought a democracy, yes, but one shaped by the most basic and sometimes brutal facts of life — allegiance to tribe, sect, clandestine organization.

Maliki is a figure of all these immutable forces, a man of the shadows more than the sunlight. He seems to trust only those closest to him, and his efforts to form broad coalitions have failed. The trust deficit is nowhere more evident than in the energy sector, which should make Iraq fantastically rich but is still hobbled by a lack of basic legislation that would foster investment.

A former Dawa Party operative, Maliki is the conspirator turned chief executive. And in that sense, he is a symbol of a larger phenomenon we are seeing across the region in the Arab Awakening. He illustrates what can happen when you knock the pegs out from under an authoritarian regime without a strong political culture underneath: People may dream of a democratic culture of tolerance. But those likely to triumph are instead the survivors, the backroom plotters, the people left standing when the regime-changers pack up their bags and go home.

I have a copy of a 1985 photograph, culled from the archives of a Beirut newspaper, that shows a circle of Iranian-backed conspirators gathered behind the pilots of the hijacked TWA Flight 847. Some former U.S. officials say the balding man in the front row is Maliki; but even if that’s wrong, his own Dawa Party bombed the U.S. Embassy in Kuwait in 1983. A conspiratorial underground was his political education.

Americans who have dealt extensively with Maliki feel a comradeship with him. They admire his gritty determination to keep going through the bloodiest years of the insurgency, when 50 or 100 mutilated bodies were showing up at the Baghdad morgue every morning.

But you can’t help thinking Iraq deserves better than Maliki, who practically advertises his disdain for the softer and more reflective side of life. It wasn’t always so in Iraq. Even during the years when Saddam governed the country by torture, Iraq had some of the best scientists, artists and writers in the Arab world. It was a place where people read books and played music. Saddam’s Iraq banned the unauthorized importation of typewriters; that’s how much it respected the written word.

America’s greatest mistake in Iraq wasn’t toppling Saddam but detonating the infrastructure of the government, the army and the educational and social institutions that made civilized life possible. With no national army, there was nothing to check the Shiite looters or the Sunni insurgents. I made many mistakes in writing about Iraq, but I warned in a March 2003 column: “A week into the war in Iraq, it’s time to shelve the rosy scenarios and accept an unpleasant fact: The United States faces a long battle to defeat resistance fighters organized by the Baath Party and Saddam Hussein’s secret police.”

The decent Iraqis did what people always do in conditions of fear and uncertainty: They turned to ancient loyalties of sect, tribe, ethnicity, secret party. Shiites began moving out of Sunni neighborhoods and vice versa; Kurds found solace in their own mini-state. Maliki became ever-more powerful because his Dawa Party had built such deep and durable roots. The politics of survival became entwined with the politics of democracy, producing a strange hybrid — better than what came before, I guess, but brutal in its own ways.

If America and its friends aren’t careful, this same process will repeat itself across the Arab world as the dictators are toppled and replaced by the underground men. The Muslim Brotherhood is powerful everywhere — from Egypt to Palestine to Syria — because its members were recruited with an almost Leninist determination. Eric Trager writes in Foreign Affairs after extensive interviews with Muslim Brotherhood cadres: “The Brotherhood’s recruitment system virtually guarantees that only those who are deeply committed to its cause become full members.”

Iraq is free to be itself again. That’s the upside of Maliki. If he performs poorly, leans too much toward Iran or squanders Iraq’s wealth through corruption, then the people will vote him out. That’s the hope.

davidignatius@washpost.com


Guest opinion: Iraqis learning to fix their country themselves

By JOHN FILSON The Billings Gazette | Posted: Sunday, November 13, 2011 12:05 am 

WASHINGTON — The future of Iraq hinges not on the status of U.S. troops or its deep oil wells but on whether Iraqis can muster a sense of hope in their collective future.

Iraqis waiting for hours in line for gasoline or fanning away flies until the electricity comes back on are understandably skeptical of government promises. They bear the scars of their own government’s dismal history. They also believe the United States has its own interests in mind, and does not have unlimited political will to slough through decades of messy, expensive problem solving.

Many Iraqis believe life has not improved since 2003, the start of the Iraq War that led to the toppling of Saddam Hussein’s regime. Unemployment, poor infrastructure and simmering social divides are daily tensions that have not allowed families to relax. There is no safe traffic system, no clean legal system, no inclusive political system and no fair economic system.

Without real evidence that life will get better in Iraq, people have little motivation to risk their personal safety and resources to invest in the good of the larger society. People are used to breathing in pessimism along with the dusty air of the desert.

And yet, many Iraqis are not waiting around for someone else to fix their country. Thousands of civil society organizations have sprouted since 2003. While there are many forces that drive Iraqi CSOs — like international donors, sectarian politics or simply the opportunity to finally have a job — Iraqi civil society as a whole is fuelled by a growing movement to take ownership over the fate of their society.

Rivals share goals

One example of an Iraqi CSO working hard to meet people’s needs is REACH (Rehabilitation and Community Health). Local stakeholders invite REACH to help communities plan, organize and implement their own strategies for improvements, such as irrigation and micro-enterprise projects. Often this requires members of rival sectarian groups to sit down together to figure out how to achieve a shared goal. REACH reports that community-based approaches like this have greatly increased the spirit of volunteerism and civic participation in grassroots communities.

Another example is a group of Iraqi CSO leaders with legal backgrounds who sat down to analyze the new Iraqi constitution in 2007 to see how it would shape the country. Dozens of clauses laid out far-reaching rights and freedoms that looked quite progressive on paper. But few observers seemed to notice sly and understated Article 46, which casually asserted that the government could suspend any other provision of the constitution if it was deemed necessary.

The group designed a strategy to mobilize a response. They solicited funds from the United Nations, recruited and trained a network of CSO partners, and launched an awareness-raising campaign in all of Iraq’s provinces that included radio broadcasts, policy summits and street signs in order to have the article amended and limit the government’s power. After significant and sustained public pressure, the parliament adopted the group’s suggestion for alternative language in the article (which defined the specific conditions that must be met for the provision to take effect), and wrote it into law in 2008.

Reason for optimism

Hope is the pivotal factor in the constant struggle between despair and healing. While the country continues to lurch under the weight of geopolitics, corruption and violence, the painstaking work of Iraqi civil society organizations, such as these, offers one reason to feel optimistic.

Observers who wish to see real peace and human security take hold in Iraq will need to be patient. The best thing we can do is understand how Iraq’s many challenges look through the eyes of local people, support the efforts of Iraqi civil society along with responsible and accountable government, and give Iraqis the space and resources they need to build the better future they seek.


Read more: http://billingsgazette.com/news/opinion/guest/article_5aef8090-7fc3-5518-b29b-61075a3d1045.html#ixzz1dedKYJMP



24 Oct 2011
 

Lights out? How will Iraq resolve its power crisis?

Lights out? How will Iraq resolve its power crisis?
 
By Lara Zankoul, Senior Analyst, Zawya
 
24 October 2011
Owning one of the world's largest oil reserves has ironically not helped Iraq to meet its national electricity demand. Years of war, UN sanctions and neglect of the sector's infrastructure has hindered the country's ability to supply power to its citizens.

As of April 2010, the country could only supply half of its domestic power demand of 14,000 MW during peak months. Many Iraqis endure 17-hour daily blackouts during the summer's blistering 50C (122F) temperatures. Independent generators are either unable to provide enough power for air conditioning or are prohibitively expensive. Earlier this year, the dire situation forced Iraqis to the streets in protest.

The Master Plan To redress the crisis, the Iraq ministry of electricity introduced a USD 77 billion master plan last year, to push power generation to 32 GW by 2030. It would see to the much-needed repairs of the grid, as well as generation, transmission and distribution, to meet current demand and arrange for future projections. The government will fund the first phase of the master plan, to be completed by 2015, with an initial giant injection of USD 22 billion, which would include allocations of USD 3 billion for transmission, USD 8 billion for distribution and the rest for generation.

The funding of the rest of the plan has not been detailed. However, analysts say that private investment is necessary.

"Bringing in foreign investors will resolve the lack of funding and will add expertise and efficiency to the implementation of projects," said Jeff Larkin, director of power and water for the Middle East and North Africa at Parsons Brinckerhoff, who is directly involved in the master plan. Larkin said the plan does not indicate the ratio of private investment to government funding, but he believes investors are expected to come mainly from the Middle East.

If the past eight years are any indication, however, the potential lack of funding, regulations and fuel supply could throw a monkey wrench into the promising plan. In 2011 alone, four planned independent power projects (IPPs) in Shat Al Basrah, Al Amara, Al Samawa and Al Diwaniya, totaling 4,210 MW, were canceled in the tendering stage, due to over-priced bids submitted by developers.

Iraq Power Plants in Planning or Construction Stage

Project Name

Capacity (MW)

Project Value (USD m)

Fuel

Phase

Completion

Contractor

Iraq MOE - Al Khairat Power Plant

1,250

445.5

Heavy Crude

EPC - Execution

Q2 2013

Calik Energi

Iraq MOE - Al Qudus Power Plant Extension

500

219.0

Gas

EPC - Execution

Q4 2012

Hyundai Engineering Company

Iraq MOE - Al Rumeila Power Plant

1,014

376.0

Gas

Construction - Bid Evaluation

Q4 2013

 
Iraq MOE - Anbar Power Plant

250

81.3

Gas

EPC - Awarded

Q4 2012

Lanco Infratech

Iraq MOE - Basra to Baghdad 25 Power Stations

2,500

2,770.0

Diesel

EPC - Awarded

Jun 2012

STX Corporation

Iraq MOE - Nainawa Power Plant

750

388.5

Heavy Crude

EPC - Awarded

Apr 2013

Calik Energi

Iraq MOE - Najaf Power Plant

500

130.0

Gas

EPC - Awarded

Jan 2013

Baghdad Company for Gas Turbines

Iraq MOE - Zubaidiya Power Plant

2,540

  Crude

EPC - Execution

2014

Shanghai Electric

ME Iraq - Al Taji Power Plant

160

  Gas

 Construction - Execution

Jan 2012

Uruk Engineering and Contracting Co. LLC

Mass Global - Arbil IPP Expansion

437

  Natural Gas/Diesel

EPC - Bid Evaluation

NA

 
Yussifiyah Power Plant Conversion

630

  Gas

Announced

NA

 
Hartha Power Plant Conversion

800

  Heavy Fuel Oil

Announced

NA

 
Source: Zawya Projects

In fact, the sector faces several barriers that pose a threat to the implementation of privatized power generation plants.

  • Financial Impediments
The Iraqi investment market is still not attractive to private investors, and according to Larkin, this is due to the high risks associated with it. The ministry is unable to provide investors with security to borrow money at competitive rates, developers and investors can't guarantee/secure their investments, thus the extremely high-priced bids.

  • Regulatory Learning Curve
Although the ministry of electricity has established a regulatory office, "it is not very effective because [it does not fully understand] the interests of the investors; that's why investors are cautious," said Brian Wharmby, an independent regulatory and technical consultant who worked with the ministry on establishing a regulatory and legal system in Iraq.  In order for this office to become functional, he said, an understanding of privatization and the international investment process must be developed at a faster pace. In addition, the ministry would have to relinquish certain privileges, such as the running of the generation plants, transmission and distribution facilities, if privatization is to succeed. As long as the office is within the ministry, "there may be a risk of conflicts of interest between newcomers (developers and investors) and the ministry," said Wharmby.

  • Corruption
A pervasive problem that hinders private investment in Iraq's electricity sector, corruption takes the form of political agendas, lack of transparency, fraudulent contracts or other shams. One such scandal resulted in the dismissal in August 2011 of the electricity minister, Raad Shalal. The investigation is based on allegations that the minister did not follow government guidelines, when he signed USD 1.7 billion dollars worth of contracts with foreign companies to build power stations.

  • Management
A report by Issam Al Khalissi of the Iraq Oil Report claims that it would be necessary to improve the institutional structure and quality of management in Iraq's public electricity sector in order for the master plan to eliminate power shortages. In response, Larkin told Zawya that "the quality of management was not required to be addressed in the master plan". However, "it will be updated/re-done on an annual basis."

Rebounding In light of these problems, the government has been exerting much effort into overcoming the power crisis. It has begun plans on new power generation projects, with a total capacity of 10,000 MW, of which 4,400 MW are already under construction. Four of the plant bids in planning have already been awarded, totaling approximately USD 3.36 billion and 4,000 MW in capacity, according to Zawya data.

Recommendations Analysts believe that the need to implement an effective regulatory system is imperative, if the electricity sector is to benefit from private investment. The regulatory office must acknowledge the needs of IPP investors and understand how they operate.

In terms of financial security, the government must provide payment guarantees to developers, as is already the custom in other regions, such as Abu Dhabi.

Finally, if the master plan is to succeed, the government must be willing to increase the budget and provide funding.

The master plan recommends gas as the preferred fuel and plans are to convert crude-burning plants to gas or heavy fuel oil as soon as possible. Plants or plant units that should be converted to gas include the Wasit, Al Qudus, Hartha and Yussifiya plants.

-Ends-

© Zawya 2011


The NGO that Wasn’t: Bogus Charities Collecting Billions

Posted on 16 October 2011. Tags: NGO

Previously NGOs were seen as critical to Iraq’s reconstruction efforts. But numbers have dwindled. And not everyone is sad to see them go – many were fakes, siphoning funds, engaged in corruption and deceiving locals, according to this report from Niqash. Any opinions expressed are those of the author, and do not necessarily reflect the views of Iraq Business News.

It is highly likely that over the past eight years billions of dollars have disappeared into fake non-governmental organizations in Iraq, never to be seen again or accounted for.

Some of the fake non-governmental organizations (or NGOs) were taken to task but others simply disappeared or ceased to exist. And the directors of some of the NGOs – organizations not a part of the government yet not a conventional, profit-making business – fled Iraq with the money they had collected, others went underground.

The current head of the Iraq government body in charge of registering NGOs in Iraq, Ahmed al-Attar told NIQASH that he has no idea how much cash Iraq’s bogus NGOs have managed to collect since 2003. However he agreed that “these organizations have created a crisis of confidence – between local and international NGOs and organizations, and also between the NGOs and the Iraqi people. They have tarnished the image of civil society in Iraq,” he concluded.

Before the 2003 US-led invasion of Iraq that saw the end of former Iraqi leader Saddam Hussein’s regime, non-governmental organisations did not really exist. This is mainly because there were no institutions that were not affiliated with the ruling Baath party, which Hussein led. For this reason, as the International Centre for Not-For-Profit Law (ICNL), an international body with offices around the world that promotes “an enabling legal environment for civil society” organizations says none of them could “be said to be a truly “non-governmental” organizations.

“Following the US invasion of Iraq in 2003, Iraq witnessed a major opening up of civic space,” the ICNL surmises, “as thousands of new Iraqi non-governmental organizations (NGOs) were established and registered.”

This was largely due to Coalition Provisional Authority Order Number 45, issued by the interim Iraqi government then being run by American diplomat Paul Bremer. Order Number 45 was drafted because NGOs were seen as an important part of Iraq’s reconstruction strategy.

As a result, the number of NGOs in Iraq ballooned. Until early last year, there were between 6,000 and even 12,000 NGOs in Iraq. The ICNL reports that there are more than 6,000 NGOs in Iraq while the NGO Coordination Committee for Iraq (NCCI), a voluntary committee comprised of some of the most reputable NGOs in the country that aims to improve coordination between the different groups, wrote that “between 2003 and 2010, the number of Iraqi NGOs considerably increased and were estimated somewhere in the region of 8,000 to 12,000.”

But as locals will tell you, many of these NGOs were not really doing anything. Earlier this year Hemin Saleh, the head of an NGO based in the semi-autonomous state of Iraqi Kurdistan called Communication for Democracy and Human Rights, spoke about how a new law on NGOs in that state would affect ineffective organizations there. “Many NGOs are just places for drinking tea,” Saleh agreed. “They take some money from the government for rent and they use their office for relaxation.”

In a 2007 article Iraqi writer Haifa Zangana reported in Lebanon’s Al Akhbar newspaper that Babil’s state government had reported that out of 300 NGOs registered in that province, only 50 were really doing anything.

No official Iraqi government departments hold statistics on the number of bogus NGOs. However official statements on the topic can be found. In July 2009, Hussein al-Safi, the former head of the NGOs Department in the Secretariat of the Iraqi Cabinet, or Council of Ministers, said that 300 fake civil society organizations had been de-registered.

And in 2005, another former minister for NGOs in Iraq, Mamo Osman, announced that “there are 2,000 fake NGOs targeting women’s issues who were receiving aid from donor countries for no justified reason”. Osman was the minister behind a drive to tighten up regulations on NGOs.

Part of the problem was the fact that registration requirements for NGOs under Order Number 45 were not tough enough. Because of the precarious security situation in Iraq at the time, NGOs did not have to verify their official premises in the country. And Order Number 45 is forgiving, saying that if the NGOs can’t fill in every part of the form, then they could apply for an extension and supply further information at a later date.

Just as it remains unclear exactly how many NGOs were registered in Iraq, it is also unclear as to what percentage of the billions of dollars worth of reconstruction funds pledged by both the USA (over US$18 billion) and other donor nations (around US$14 billion) between 2003 and 2004 went to go to Iraqi-based NGOs.

For example, in 2007 Zangana reported that Bremer had specified that US$750 million be set aside for local NGOs, and in particular those targeting local women. As of August 2011, USAID, the US government’s foreign aid agency, had budgeted for US$317 million for their Community Action program to be administered between October 2008 and September 2012, as well as around US$340 million for ongoing humanitarian efforts. Both efforts require USAID cooperation with NGOs.

So at least some of the money supplied by international governments, funds from the Iraqi government itself as well as private donations and fees has reached some of Iraq’s bogus NGOs.

During the time she worked at Iraq’s Ministry of Planning, which was responsible for the registration of NGOs in Iraq until 2005, Ansam al-Abaygi told NIQASH that hundreds of complaints of fraud by citizens against NGOs passed across her desk.

“Some of the organizations were collecting money from citizens and promising them land, apartments and financial grants,” she explained.

One of the bogus NGOs well known to Baghdad locals is the al-Ameen housing organization. In its printed materials al-Ameen – ironically the name means something like “trustworthy” in Arabic – boasted that it worked together with the Baghdad city authorities to provide the needy with decent housing in return for an affordable payment plan.

And indeed the organization did parcel out pieces of land to would-be home owners and start charging them small mortgage fees; it sold more than 5,000 pieces of land. It was only later that the home owners discovered they were actually living on government land.

Some of the recipients had already built on their land and they refused to leave their homes, arguing that they had paid money toward the purchase and also that it was the state’s responsibility to supervise both its own land and the bogus NGO involved.

According to al-Abaygi, the al-Ameen housing co-operative, which disappeared altogether in 2005, was not registered and was “engaged in fraud”. Even now though, some Baghdad locals will still direct you to the “al-Ameen neighbourhood”.

Iraq’s bogus NGOs were not all started up for financial advantage or to access international donations. Running their own NGO helped some Iraqis migrate or gain foreign citizenship. “They would say they were in danger of assassination because of their humanitarian activities and then, after they were granted asylum and migrated to Europe, the NGO would cease to exist,” al-Abaygi explained.

This year, a law passed by the Iraqi parliament in February 2010, supervising the various locals NGOs more closely, is now slowly coming into effect and this is changing the situation with NGOs.

“A formal count and coordination of these NGOs is only beginning to emerge now with the establishment of the New NGO Law,” the NCCI wrote.

The new law, Law Number 12, required all NGOs to re-register. And one of the biggest differences, according to observers, is the fact that NGOs must now provide an official address that is verified by their local authorities. While groups like the NCCI generally praised the new law, they also reported that the new registration could make for a long and arduous process and hinder an NGO’s work.

Official statistics indicated that from mid-2010 up until September 2011, only 250 NGOs have officially registered in Iraq. Hundreds of organisations were apparently denied the right to register and others were asked to submit further documents.

Leading Iraqi human rights activist Hana Edward, head of the Al Amal (Hope) organization which works in women’s rights and also with displaced Iraqis, was pleased about the new law, saying it would put an end to the bogus NGOs because of the need to supply proof of a permanent address.

On the other hand, Edward worries about some of the other new conditions of registration which include proving that NGO heads have not been convicted of any crime and also that they have been cleared of playing any major part in former dictator Saddam Hussein’s government. She believes this has led to a decrease in the number of official registrations.

Another point of criticism centres on the fact that the new law includes no mention of state support for civil society organizations, such as NGOs, yet it places NGOs under the direct supervision of the executive branch: NGOs apply for registration to, and report to, the NGOs Department in the Secretariat of the Iraqi Cabinet.

Nonetheless, al-Attar, who, as head of the NGOs Department, will be in charge of registering NGOs, is optimistic that things will get better. The implementation of the new law “will put an end to the fake NGOs in Iraq and will improve the standards of existing NGOs’ work,” he told NIQASH.

(Source: NIQASH)


Five “Directors” Accused of Corruption

Posted on 21 October 2011. Tags: Corruption

Five unspecified “directors” are suspected of corruption in electricity contracts, the parliamentary Investigative Commission said today.

According to the report from AKnews, the Committee did not say if these “directors” are employed by the government, nor did it specify what exactly the “directors” are directing, but committee member Uday Awwad said that the “directors” received payments from foreign companies.

It is unclear if these were the same companies that had been suspected to be involved in the cases of corruption worth $1.7 billion USD (2 trillion IQD) that led to the resignation of Electricity Minister Raad Shallal in August.

Shallal was replaced as acting electricity minister by Deputy Prime Minister Hussein al-Shahristani, who was also suspected of corruption by the Investigative Committee.

Last week, the Iraqi parliament approved Abdul Karim Aftan al-Jumaili from Iraqiya List as new Electricity Minister.

Uday Awwad said that the final report of the Committee’s investigation will be presented in the parliament’s next legislative term, after the parliamentary recess ends in December.


Editorial: How can a rich country like Iraq continue to allow its people to suffer?

Posted: October 1, 2011 by THE CURRENCY NEWSHOUND 

Rich Iraq to where?

01/10/2011

Iraqi citizens of all their suffering collecting and always keen to ask the question: How can a rich country like Iraq, people are suffering all this suffering? And how a country has all these natural resources and human resources have not succeeded in completing the development of a solid admire in the region and the world?

In the ugliest and the worst political theories, could become a rich country and as large as Iraq into a cumbersome and small regional-level political and economic .. The ugliest and the worst of it, is to see poor countries and small countries of the region to become more stable and prosperous, and political influence of Iraq!

Of history, records of the previous regime it was he who invented the political theory and applied strictly dramatically, dangerous and led Iraq’s rich great to Iraq targeted by the superpower and is prohibited for him to develop scientifically, economically, and led the people of Iraq who has skills in the building of human societies and civilizations to the battles and wars of any It replaced the vital area of ​​these skills areas of marginal and emergency, such as repression at home and aggression against the other has allowed long period of time, for which this system is that the size of the persecution of these skills, expensive and the size of a deep and large mass.

Sense of strategic, ideological previous system required and directed all the skills owned by the Iraqi citizens towards the political goal with the prestige and power and might of the dictatorship at home and in the Pacific Regional, therefore, these skills and found themselves after a while in front of two options only two first, the transition from the task of building the state and community to support the important policies of the dictator and his regime. And second, yielding over these policies, and this display the skills of the citizen to the depletion of rapid and intense and then took these skills with the passage of time, loss of dignity and pride and morale because of the war and making tactical and Revolutionary taken by the former regime in the management of the community, and then got these skills at the end of the road to a point abandoned for the identity and function of the original and surrendered to the field of passive system chosen by them or that these skills were abandoned Iraq.

At the heart of proofs and evidence that prove the validity of this perception, the preparation of scientific talent – not political opponents – who left Iraq as of the seventies of the last century and until the fall of the former regime in 2003 over fifty thousand people, doctors, engineers and experts, scientists, and other functions have been classified Organization UNESCO, Iraq among the ten countries facing the problem of brain drain of scientific, classified as an international organization competencies Iraqi immigrant as the best of talent migrating from other societies.

After the fall of this system and perhaps this means that the citizen at the present time, the required number and the one that settles the form of a democratic political system and perverted the electoral process, which is the basis of this new system, but the Iraqi society and faced two dilemmas first, enabling the parties to the new political system from the age of the Constitution of a pluralistic and organized more than a multi-party elections and an achievement but any of these parties divided the advanced positions in the administration between politicians namely that the political has become a trustee or that he became the head of the sites and got it all at the expense of entitlement efficiency emerging scientific or emerging or veteran that was supposed to the new democratic order that Adallalha and give the best leadership positions in the state. The signal significance, in developed countries, politically, scientifically and economically, can not for the world, or the efficiency of science to be head of state or government, they do not want this at all,

but that the sites of the competence of a politician or power, which limited his mission as head of state or government in the provision of laws and mechanisms and the facilities and capabilities to the owners of the scientific competence to take its place in leading sectors of the State ie, that a man of politics and power than an honest broker between the scientific competence and the life chances of the process and field, so the heads of the developed countries are the terms of reference suitable for the practice of politics and power, President  Obama, he studied law and French President Sarkozy studied commercial law and political science and British Prime Minister Cameron studied philosophy and political science and is keen these people and defend the place and role of scientific competence for two reasons, ALWIL because it is the source of this to be the President as Chairman of the State of a strong and prosperous, the other reason to ensure the success of the work the state in his term and ensures later win a second round in the elections. The dilemma the second and faced the new political system in the Iraqna is terrorism which face Rsasath to scientific talent among the most important questions in this context, if the terrorist campaign of the current confined to the former regime, which collapsed and he wants to recover the power from any road in the forefront by Al Qaeda and the opposition forces which are now in power and founded the electoral system, then why is killing the scientific competence in the Iraqna, which is supposed they are not party to this battle between the two ruling contradictory, one system of authoritarian rule and the other rule a democratic election? ..

Probably no external party has recruited at home, was involved in the assassination of talent because of this the outer beneficiaries economically, politically and morally, Iraq remains a country rich in large, small and poor country, its people tortured.

Certainly, it’s the exclusion of scientific talent due to the influence of political quotas or kill the owners of these competencies, Iraq as a large and rich will remain until the perspective of a small country in the political weight of regional and poor countries because they do not improve the investment of its resources.

During the former regime, the nature of the dictatorial regime’s policies capable of ensuring that waste, waste, destruction of natural resources and human resources of Iraq, and that remains the country’s reserves the entitled rich country the great nation turned into a small, weak and tired.

With the time of the democratic system the current election, politicians should that prove the opposite and they are completely different in time and belief and behavior from the former regime and that the translation of Iraq’s large and rich to a strong and influential and leadership, its people live a comfort of living is the goal must be accompanied by their positions and their plans and their own conscience and entitlement to Iraq as a mission in history must be completed on their hands.

http://bit.ly/p30CJL


The disappearance of $240 million fund military sales in the Ministry of Defence

Posted: October 1, 2011 by THE CURRENCY NEWSHOUND 

Detection decision for the Parliamentary Integrity Committee Khalid al-Alwani, for cases of corruption-related transactions to buy weapons for the defense and interior ministries through the purchase of machinery used has been brought to Iraq.

Alwani, declined in a statement issued Wednesday disclosed the actors involved and the type of weapons, declaring that the file will be forwarded to the Integrity Commission.

The al-Alwani, the committee that was formed for this purpose showed that the value of the equipment received under these transactions amounted to more than $ 960 million, while the amounts allocated to these contracts in the fund military sales estimated at one billion and 200 million dollars.

Alwani and that the investigations confirmed that those weapons were manufactured and transported to Iraq, as if newly made, noting that influential elements in the government stands behind the arms deal and returned military vehicles and equipment.

http://bit.ly/nSuntH


30 Sep 2011 Aswat Aliraq
 

Baghdad demo condemns violations by neighborly states

Hundreds of demonstrators have gathered in central Baghdad's al-Tahrir (Liberation) Square on Friday, demanding the Iraqi government and the Parliament to fight corruption, achieve services, electricity and end unemployment, and condemning the violations by neighborly states against Iraq.
"The demonstrators have demanded to put an end for interferences and violations by Iraq's neighborly states, including Iran, Turkey and Kuwait, demanding the government to take opposite measures against such violations," Aswat al-Iraq correspondent, who covered the demonstration reported.

He said that the demonstrators have raised placards "demanding their government to put an end for the said violations and to move seriously against them, away from slogans and appeasements."

The demonstrators have also demanded their government to "boost the economic progress, find suitable measures to put an end for unemployment, cease depending on the private sector to import bad consumption materials, along with increasing the salaries of employees and pensioners and the improvement of public services, he added.

© Aswat Aliraq 2011

_______________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________


22 Sep 2011

 

Iraq MP threatens to tell all on graftAFP

BAGHDAD, Sep 22, 2011 (AFP) - A senior Iraqi MP threatened on Thursday to make public names and parties behind cases of graft if authorities did not take swift action in what experts say is one of the world's most corrupt countries.

Baha al-Araji's comments come two weeks after the chief of the country's corruption watchdog resigned, publicly protesting political interference in his inquiries. Iraq has since February seen frequent protests decrying, among other things, public corruption.

"There is huge corruption in these files," Araji, the head of the Iraqi parliament's anti-graft committee and the leader of the parliamentary bloc loyal to radical Shiite cleric Moqtada al-Sadr, said in a statement.

"If no legal measures are taken, we would be forced, in the committee, to reveal all the involved names, as well as the money and the factions behind them."

Parliament's anti-corruption committee cannot carry out prosecutions, which must be initiated by the Commission on Integrity. The former head of that body stepped down earlier this month, describing graft as "part of the struggle for power" in Iraq.

Araji said the 10 corruption files he was referring to included a deal to purchase hand-held explosives detectors, which have widely been panned as ineffective for even their core purposes, after they failed to prevent several massive bombings in Baghdad in recent years.

They were reputedly sold for between $16,500 and $60,000 per unit, and have become ubiquitous in Iraq, having been bought in large numbers by local security forces.

He also referenced efforts financed by the foreign ministry to renovate six Baghdad hotels in advance of an Arab League summit that had been due to be held in the Iraqi capital earlier this year but was later postponed.

Araji did not, however, provide details as to what kind of corruption took place, or to what scale, in either case.

Watchdog Transparency International ranks Iraq among the world's four most corrupt countries.

bur-psr/kir


29 Aug 2011 AK News
 

Parliament to probe Shahristani over fake contracts

By Haider Ibrahim
 
Baghdad - Deputy Prime Minister Hussein al-Shahristani will be summoned to parliament after the public (Eid al-Fitr) holiday to answer questions about two fraudulent ministry of electricity contracts worth more than $1.7 billion, the parliamentary commission set up to investigate the case has announced.

Commission member Uday Awwad told AKnews that MPs signatures have been collected to summon Shahristani, adding that the commission is continuing to accumulate documents and files on the case.

Shahristani was assigned interim Electricity Minister to replace former Minister Raad Shallal who stepped down under government pressure following the revelation of the fraud earlier this month.

The parliamentary Integrity Committee have published documents that implicate Shahristani and Prime Minister Nouri al-Maliki in approving the contracts - signed with one non-existent firm and another which had already been declared bankrupt - pointing at the same time to the signatures of other senior officials on the deal.

"Al-Shahristani adressed, through official letters, the Ministry of Electricity saying that he had researched the German and Canadian companies on the Internet and made sure that they were suitable", Awwad said.

Thye commission member questioned the depth of the Deputy Prime Minister's research into the firms set to construct and equip power stations at a combined cost of $1.7 billion.

"How can the Iraqi government verify its contracts on the Internet?" He asked.

© AK News 2011
Subpages (1): Iraq's Shame II
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