Iraq War Costs

Iraq Invasion 12 Years Later: See How Much Has Changed

Mar 19, 2015, 7:20 PM ET
By KEVIN FREY and
Alexander Mallin More from Alexander »
PHOTO: Then President George W. Bush addresses the nation, March 19, 2003, in the Oval Office of the White House in Washington.
Then President George W. Bush addresses the nation, March 19, 2003, in the Oval Office of the White House in Washington.
Alex Wong/Getty Images

On March 19, 2003, millions of Americans watched as President George W. Bush announced from the Oval Office that Americans and coalition forces had begun military operations inside Iraq against the regime of Saddam Hussein.

In his speech, the president said the goal would be to “disarm Iraq, to free its people and to defend the world from grave danger,” and that “we will accept no outcome but victory.”

But 12 years later President Obama has ordered a U.S. military presence back into Iraq to assist with the fight against ISIS, four years after he oversaw the complete withdrawal of all U.S. troops in December 2011.

ABC News took a look back on the past dozen years and the events and players who shaped one of the more divisive and consequential conflicts in recent history.

PHOTO: The April 9, 2003 file photo shows Iraqi civilians and U.S. soldiers pulling down a statue of Saddam Hussein in downtown Baghdad.






Jerome Delay/AP Photo
PHOTO: The April 9, 2003 file photo shows Iraqi civilians and U.S. soldiers pulling down a statue of Saddam Hussein in downtown Baghdad.

THEN: At the start of the 2003 military campaign, Saddam Hussein had been president of Iraq for more than two decades after seizing power in a 1979 Ba’athist party coup. When the U.S. “shock and awe” bombing campaign began in March Saddam escaped Baghdad and went into hiding. A month later, Iraqi citizens aided by U.S. troops brought down Hussein’s statue in Baghdad’s Firdos Square that had been erected for his 65th birthday. The toppling of the statue became one of the war’s most iconic images.










                                                      PHOTO: A handout photo of Saddam Hussein after his capture in Iraq, Dec. 14, 2003.                                                                                    In December 2003, U.S. military forces found Hussein near his hometown of Tikrit hiding in a spider hole in the ground below a two-room mud shack on a sheep farm.

U.S. Army/Getty Images
PHOTO: A handout photo of Saddam Hussein after his capture in Iraq, Dec. 14, 2003.

NOW: In December 2006, Hussein was executed after being found guilty of crimes against humanity by an Iraqi Tribunal. Now the Associated Press reports that Hussein’s grave, located outside the city of Tikrit, has been nearly destroyed in the ongoing fight between Iraqi forces and ISIS.

PHOTO: Secretary of State John Kerry meets with Haider al-Abadi, Prime Minister of Iraq, in Baghdad, Sept. 10, 2014.
















Iraqi Prime Ministery/Anadolu Agency/Getty Images
PHOTO: Secretary of State John Kerry meets with Haider al-Abadi, Prime Minister of Iraq, in Baghdad, Sept. 10, 2014.

Today Haider al-Abadi is Iraq’s prime minister. He returned to Iraq in 2003 after having spent 30 years in exile, and has struggled to hold together sectarian interests and fend off the rapid advancement of ISIS, which currently controls vast swathes of land in the country’s northwestern region including the second-largest city of Mosul.

THEN: 90,000 U.S. service members were involved in the 2003 ground invasion of Iraq. But by 2007 the number of additional American forces rose to 160,000 as President Bush ordered a surge of troops to help quell the sectarian strife that had consumed Iraq. More than 4,400 U.S. service members lost their lives in Iraq, with more than 33,000 wounded. At least 150,000 Iraqi civilians are estimated to have been killed in the conflict between 2003 and 2013.

PHOTO: US marines from the 2nd Battalion 8th Regiment take their position in the southern city of Nasiriyah, Iraq, March 26, 2003, during an evacuation of the population living in the area where there was an Iraqi attack the day before.










Eric Feferberg/AFP/Getty Images
PHOTO: US marines from the 2nd Battalion 8th Regiment take their position in the southern city of Nasiriyah, Iraq, March 26, 2003, during an evacuation of the population living in the area where there was an Iraqi attack the day before.

NOW: After the ground invasion the U.S. disbanded what was one of the Middle East’s largest armies. Disenchanted former soldiers soon joined the ranks of the insurgency, fueling a spiral of violence that dominated the American occupation. Meanwhile the U.S. struggled for years to rebuild a capable military from scratch. By the time all U.S. military forces left in 2011 American military officials were confident that Iraq’s military had been rebuilt into a professional force. But with no security agreement between the two countries, the Army’s skills and professionalism eroded under the government of Prime Minister Maliki as training was reduced and he replaced Sunni commanders with Shiites. Today 2,875 American service members are in Iraq to advise, train and assist Iraq’s military so it can defeat ISIS.

PHOTO: US military observers look on as Iraqi soldiers attend training at the Besmaya military base










Ahmad Al-Rubaye/AFP/Getty Images
PHOTO: US military observers look on as Iraqi soldiers attend training at the Besmaya military base

THEN: In 2003, Iran’s presence in Iraq was virtually non-existent.

NOW: The relationship between the two Shiite-majority countries is tighter than it has ever been. Iran has also taken a prominent position in the country’s fight against ISIS, sending 50 to 60 military advisers to Iraq and helping direct the large offensive on the ISIS held city of Tikrit.

THEN: 12 years ago Hussein’s Sunni-led government oppressed the majority Shiite population for decades.

NOW: The end of the Hussein regime brought democratic elections that shifted the balance of power to Shiites. And after being repressed for decades, sectarian divisions developed into full-scale conflict. Sectarian violence, even at its lowest levels, has become a part of daily life inside Iraq. In 2014, the country suffered the highest number of civilian deaths since 2008.







http://abcnews.go.com/US/iraq-invasion-12-years-changed/story?id=29763945
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The Cost of War: Iraq By the Numbers

The Cost of War: Iraq by the Numbers

By AMY BINGHAM
October 21, 2011

It has been nine years since former President George W. Bush announced that the United States was going to war in Iraq. Today President Obama declared that that war was coming to an end.

"The rest of our troops in Iraq will come home by the end of the year," Obama said. "After nine years, America's war in Iraq will be over."

Here's a by-the-numbers look at both the monetary and human costs of the war in Iraq.

ABC News' Luis Martinez, Jake Tapper, Kirit Radia and Huma Khan contributed to this report.


4,482

To date, 4,482 Americans have been killed in Iraq. Virginia National Guard Staff Sgt. James R. Leep Jr., 44, was the most recent casulaty, dying of noncombat related injuries Monday.

There have been 32,213 U.S. troops wounded in the Iraq War, a war that, according to a January 2011 Gallup poll, 66 percent of Americans oppose.
32,213

Troops Currently in Iraq

39,000

As of last week there were 39,000 troops currently deployed to Iraq. The president annouced today that every one of those men and women would be "home for the holidays."

In August 2010, nearly three-fourths of Americans supported the removal of combat troops from Iraq, according to an ABC News poll.

Price Tag

$704.6 billion

From the beginning of operations through July 31, 2011, the Department of Defense has allocated $704.6 billion for Operation Iraqi Freedom/Operation New Dawn. That comes out to about $3.8 billion per month. Comparatively, the decade-long War in Vietnam cost $738 billion in current 2011 dollars, according to the Congressional Research Service.


Post-War Personel
PHOTO: U.S. Marine Capt. Jason Brezler, of the 4th Civil Affairs Group, (2nd L) meets with engineers and contractors of Fallujah, Iraq, to discuss US-funding for a road paving project in the city, Fallujah, Iraq, Nov. 22, 2006.
Scott Peterson/Getty Images
9,500

About 5,000 security contractors and 4,500 so-called general life support contrators will operate in Iraq after U.S. combat troops return home. General life support contrators will provide food and medical services as well as operate the aviation assets.

There are currently about 9,500 security contractors in Iraq and several thousand general life contractors. At its peak in June 2009, the Department of Defense had 15,200 security contractors in Iraq.

http://abcnews.go.com/Politics/cost-war-iraq-numbers/story?id=14788211#

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