Iraqi Politics 2014


Kurdistan

Iraq is a non-functioning federation, scholars say

By Judit Neurink 3 hours ago May 28th 2015
Former prime minister Nouri al-Maliki. AP photo.
Former prime minister Nouri al-Maliki. AP photo.
ERBIL, Kurdistan Region - The main articles in the Iraq’s constitution pertaining to federalism have not
been implemented and this neglect has led to many of the problems facing the war-torn country today.

This was one of the conclusions of the University of Kurdistan-Hawler (UKH) forum titled “Iraqi Kurdistan
and the Reshaping of the Middle East” and held in  Erbil on Wednesday to mark the 10-year anniversary of the adoption of the Iraqi constitution.

Political scientist David Romano said if former Iraqi Prime Minister Nouri al-Maliki had not –
unconstitutionally – denied Sunni provinces the right to declare autonomy, much of the violence
currently consuming Iraq might have been prevented.

“When Diyala province declared its intention to hold a referendum on becoming a region, he came with
arrest warrants, there were demonstrations, and politicians had to flee,” said Romano, a professor at
Missouri State University in the US.

“Maliki declared this intention as illegal, but he had no constitutional right to do so.”
Maliki also blocked the creation of regions by the provincial governments of Salahadin and Nineveh,
Romano said, adding that at the same time the Iraqi Parliament refused to discuss a similar request
by the Shiite province of Basra.

Articles in the constitution concerning the federal structure and the division of powers have been
neglected, or interpreted in different ways between the federal and regional governments. This has led
to problems such as the dispute over sharing oil revenues, Romano pointed out.

The Federacy Council, which according to the constitution was to be installed next to the Iraqi
parliament, never came into existence – mainly because Kurdistan remained the only region in the federation.

“How can a federal system function without the two chambers of its legislative authority? Federations need multiple regions. If not, you end up in a situation of opposition between the
one region and the federal government. And that is the story of Iraq of the past 10 years,” he said, referring to the conflicts between Baghdad and the Kurdistan region.

Romano reminded the audience of the fear that existed before the US toppled Saddam Hussein in 2003. First, the concern that organized violence – ruling by fear – would continue.
He also said mentioned the worry that patronage, and buying loyalty would remain a fact of life.

Finally, he said the Saddam era was marked by concern the state would continue to use oil to increase its control over the people, just as it would also use ethnic and religious
divisions to divide and rule.

He noted that things went very differently than expected in the post-Saddam era.
“The Americans set the scene by dismantling the army which left armed people out of work, and gave a carte blanche for revenge by imposing a de-Baathicifation policy. Even so,
those worries appear to have come true,” Romano said.

The Kurdistan region has tried to make  federalism work, he said, by  “advising the province of Nineveh on how to make oil contracts and how to become a region.”

Romano added that “many Kurds work in Baghdad not as Kurds, but as Iraqis.” This remark prompted  Vice Chancellor of UKH  Khaled Salih to reproach Kurdish ministers and
parliamentarians for not exercising their right to speak Kurdish during government business, even though it is designated in the constitution as one of the two languages of the Iraqi
federation.

Political scientist Sherko Kirmanj, from the University of Utara Malaysia, promoted the idea of changing Iraq into a confederation – a system in which states work together.

“Sunni’s want their own region similar to the that of the Kurds, but the [Kurdistan Regional Government] has its own army, intelligence services and foreign policy. These elements
are part of confederalism, so the Sunnis are asking for that rather than for federalism,” Kirmanj said.

He said the fact the world is bypassing Baghdad when dealing with the Kurds for weapons and ammunition, is an indication that confederalism is already partly in place. As is the
use of three flags during official Kurdish visits – the Kurdish, Iraqi plus the one of the visiting nation.

He presented a roadmap to confederation with Sunni, Shiite and Kurdish areas, and Baghdad as a separate, metropolitan region with the confederation’s higher and a lower chambers
of parliament. Kirmanj said each part would have its own head of region and its own army. The president of this confederacy would be appointed for five years, with the position rotating
between different member states.

The Sunni provinces should join together, he said, instead of forming a number of separate regions, as one Sunni entity within the confederation would be more powerful.
Even the Shiite of Iraq are heading there, he said.

“They know they will not rule Kurdistan again and cannot hold on to the Sunni areas. Now it is just a matter of borders, territorial unity, which part belongs to whom.
This will eventually be settled in some way or another.”

http://rudaw.net/english/kurdistan/280520151
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Jubouri: The federal government transferred 50% of the powers of the

ministries to local governments




Monday
27
April
2015
| 19:13



Jubouri: Baghdad has expressed more than once in its insistence not to return for being a form of decentralized management will contribute to solve a lot of financial, economic and security crises













Qurtas News / Baghdad

Said Minister of State for Provincial Affairs Ahmed al-Jubouri, on Monday, the federal government transferred 50% of its powers to local governments in the provinces.

Jubouri said in a statement to "Qurtas News" that "the only obstacle to the transfer of full authority lies in the objection of the political blocs on the transfer of powers and its ministers as deserving an election," noting that "most of these blocks moved far from thinking of national spirit and is interested in is the interests of the party and benefits of personal , putting the federal government in a major embarrassment with the approach of the transfer of powers. "

He noted that "Baghdad has expressed more than once for its insistence not to return for decentralized management form being will contribute to solve a lot of financial, economic and security crises," but he also said that "this gives the provinces a role wider in its affairs administration and the face of reduced oil prices and volatility of the security situation." .

He said al-Jubouri, "will be the transfer of executive powers to the provinces, according to what is provided in Law No. 21 of 2008 and the draft amendments for 2013, so the disengagement will take more time as will lead to the restructuring of most of the ministries and the survival of the federal government on 9 or 10 ministries after the transfer of the remaining ministries allocations to local governments. "



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Abadi
calls Dawa Party secretary gene
ral to choose a replacement for Maliki

     Agency eighth day  October 27, 2014, 13:28  BAGHDAD - ((eighth day))


According to
a source close t
o the Office of the Prime Minister Haider
al-Abadi
, the latter called on the leaders of the Dawa Party
secretary
general to choose a substitute for the leader of a coalition of law and Vice President Nuri al-Maliki.

 

The source said in his speech ((eighth day)) that "Abadi angry by the actions of Maliki's recent and especially to move on some
of the leaders
of the Dawa Party in the provinces in order to expel some of the leading figures of the party because it gave confidence
to
Ebadi to form a government, explaining that Abadi addressed all the leaders of the party the convening of a meeting where change
is
the Secretary General of the party, according to the source said.

He added, that there are political leaders expressed their approval of the request to change Abadi, secretary general of the Dawa Party,
Nouri Almallki Perhaps one of the most important (Ali al-Adeeb, Ali Alak, Walid al-Hilli). (AA)


http://8th-day.com/?p=78586
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Maliki exercise led opposition to the unknown

Maliki exercise led opposition to the unknown

27-10-2014 01:14 AM

Baghdad, Iraq Ahmed

Iraqi Vice President Nuri al-Maliki is trying to give himself the importance of his new position, contradicting himself, he had attributed the reason for his government's failure

to the existence of opposition within the government, work to suppress them, of course, but it is now visited some of the provinces, to declare publicly his opposition to the

orientations of the Government of Haider al-Abadi, and especially what was agreed upon at the formation of the government, such as the composition of the National Guard,

and give more powers to local governments, as repeated visits by a number of provinces, the ire of Iraqi President Fuad Masum, which is asking him to tell him before making

any visit outside Baghdad raises .

Maliki did not recognize any role for the President of the Republic, and not driving her is his tongue, has spoken on behalf of the representatives in the «coalition of state law», that

the president is «the position of honorific», and the response was former President Jalal Talabani at the time that the executive branch consists constitutionally of my presidency

Republic and the Cabinet, and that the bills offered by the parties.

For the post of Vice honorific !.

After that it was the position of President of the Republic «Therifia», pleased with al-Maliki to be a deputy for the position of honorific, and despite being accused of the new president

Fuad Masum that «violating the constitution twice», not to bring him back to the prime minister, pleased to be a deputy for «supernatural Constitution», works to activate the role

Presidency executive authority, despite the fact that the Constitution did not specify the powers to the vice president or his deputies, while the condition that there be a cabinet, not

the Prime Minister.

Back to what criticized

Maliki is now trying to play a «popular» opposition to the government's role, which is part of the executive leadership of the apparatus, which was objected to by oppressing and during

his tenure as prime minister. But, did not stand, and will not have an acceptability in theses, because they are not consistent with the new reality, and contrary to previous claims, in

addition to that he has lost popularity in the recent battle for a third term, what caused the move away most of his supporters «sycophants» him.

Invalidate the guarantees?

Observers believe that the granting of Maliki's position of vice president, but came «for satisfaction», with grant guarantees of non-accountable prosecuted for a lot of irregularities,

but these guarantees are not protected from personal right for those affected, and that «excesses» in playing the role of «opposition», destroy those guarantees, even by his own

party, which is now represented in the government of Prime Minister Haider al-Abadi.

Collection of opposites

Almost political forces gathered, that «Maliki, had subsisted on opposites, between adversaries and friends alike, which led to all antibodies by agreement, from America, Iran, and

Saudi Arabia, and the reference Shiite, and Sunni different political colors, and the Kurds, and most countries in the region (with the exception of the Syrian regime, of course) »,

so it does not matter Maliki transient details such as the collapse of his army and defeat, and the disintegration of his country, and adjournment allies relatives with him, and pull

the cover him internationally and regionally, and the decline of authority miserable even for his own party who claims to leadership.

Anti-sectarianism

National Bloc announced a proposal for submission to the Presidency of the Republic of Iraq to form a national body to combat sectarianism, noting that the decision was made ​​in

accordance with Articles 7 and 108 of the Iraqi Constitution.

He said the bloc leader Mahmoud al-Mashhadani said in a statement that he «was to submit a proposal to the Presidency of the Republic to form a national body of sectarianism to
combat in Iraq», indicating that «the proposal came after he visited a number of members of the cluster to me», he added Mashhadani that «the proposal came in accordance with

Articles 7 and 108 of the Iraqi constitution.

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THERE HAVE BEEN TOO MANY FEUDS, WITHDRAWS, ARGUMENTS ETC. FOR ME TO KEEP POSTING IT ALL,
SO FINALLY, HERE'S THE CLOSE RUN DOWN ON THE ALMOST FINAL 2014 IRAQI GOVERNMENT!

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09/14/2014 (00:01 pm) - The number of readings: 53 - Issue (3172)
Details of the government program for the Prime Minister

Text government program proposed on the main axes of the priorities of the strategy, which was

distributed among the six main pivots are "secure and stable Iraq upgrading service and living of the

citizen to encourage the shift towards the private sector to increase oil and gas production to improve

the financial sustainability of administrative reform and financial institutions, government regulation

of relations Federal - Local ".
And ensure the development of the private economy axis vertebrae task, namely:
H development of the economy and ensure consumer protection
In order to develop the economic reality and the protection of the Iraqi citizen with fraud and

manipulation and greed merchants government seeks to achieve the following:
1 to resolve the Iraqi economy is headed toward a market economy and the gradual abandonment of state for economic activities
2 encourage local product activation inclusive of the laws relating to the protection of national
3 development of foreign trade and transit trade and free zones
4 raise the level of financial audit firms in Iraq and classified according to international standards
5 support investments that encourage the operation of the local workforce
Third: to encourage the shift towards private sector
Depends sustainable economic growth generator of income over the ability to develop the private sector to provide better job opportunities and carrying out

its responsibility towards society and the re-division of roles between the government and the private sector, which requires the revision of laws and regulations

governing the work so as to ensure the provision of investment climate encouraging to bring in capital as well as the promotion of Industry and Trade agriculture

and tourism and to provide the necessary infrastructure to create additional sources of funding for the state's general budget instead of total reliance on oil 

A restructuring of state-owned industries and the gradual shift towards the private sector:

Strengthening the role of the private sector and activating the national strategies approved relevant and encourage strategic partnerships with local and foreign

investors qualified and facilitate the procedures for the granting of licenses and the creation of the principle of competition in terms of quality of services and

support for small and medium businesses by giving them soft loans with a focus on increasing the efficiency of the legislative system to work the industry and

re- gradual restructuring of state-owned enterprises to the private sector advancement of agricultural production and livestock 

The Agriculture and Livestock cornerstone of the revitalization of the national economy and the advancement of their work will be to provide supplies and

treatments effective for the fields and farms to increase production and maintenance of irrigation and drainage projects to secure water needs and the creation

of dams and reservoirs, barrages and Land Reclamation, drilling water with emphasis on the promotion of investment and the provision of essential inputs and

adequate reform legislation The relevant procedures.


1 increase agricultural and livestock production towards self-sufficiency
2 improvement and development of the agricultural sector through the development of Fertilizers and pesticides vital crops and economic development of

processors actors for the fields and farms to increase agricultural production and to prepare a map of the areas Exporting storms of dust and study the phenomenon

of desertification in Iraq to get rid of the economic damage, environmental and reduction of soil degradation in arid and semi-arid regions in Iraq with Generation

plants typical to conduct agricultural experiments in the field of increasing the productivity of agricultural crops and the use of irrigation techniques and improve

the specifications of agricultural soils and reduce the cost of agriculture and the reduction of environmental pollution. 

D the development of the fields of trade and banking business. 

The commercial banks of financial institutions is crucial to any economic activity and represents one of the episodes of the financial system of the country and a

reflection of its by economic, commercial and financial is also one of the gates to encourage investors and bring in capital, which can be realized through the

organization and address the economic and trade affairs in coordination with various relevant sectors and activate the role of government-owned banks and banks

specialized and private sector banks (civil) to provide soft loans to the private sector national and address the problems of taxes and accrued interest resulting from

the owners of stalled projects for production, with an emphasis on the development of foreign economic relations with the countries of the world to increase the

volume of trade exchange and the development of relations with regional and international organizations concerned.
Its anti-corruption.


1 completion of the national strategy to combat corruption (2014 2017) in conjunction with the relevant agencies.
2 to emphasize the principle of prevention through reconsider the procedures and systems used and the use of advanced technologies in the administrative and

financial processes and the adoption of the principle of single window for the completion of the transaction and the completion of e-government project.
3 support the independence and professional bodies involved in combating corruption and law enforcement agencies.
4 activating the principle of accountability at all levels. 

Sixth: Federal regulation of relations of local
A distribution of powers between the provincial government and governorates not organized province.
Activating the powers of the provinces based on what was in the law of governorates not organized province, No. 21 of 2008 amended with reviewing the

implications of the articles of the Constitution related to the powers of the federal government and the governments of the regions and governorates not organized

province and work on issuing the necessary legislation to implement the provisions of the Constitution and work on:
1 identify new mechanisms in the administration of security in the provinces in line with the Constitution.
2 granting local governments authority to manage educational institutions, health and services and that the federal government's role is limited to overseeing and

monitoring the work under centralized controls for each sector
3 granting local government authority to develop administrative procedures according to their local needs.
4 establishing the principle of local governments consulted before taking the decision relating to the responsibilities of those governments.
5 granting local governments the power to expand the sources of funding in order to provide services to citizens as well as to strengthen the role of the citizen

through the authority to impose and levy some fees and wages for the benefit of those governments.

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09/14/2014 (00:01 pm) - The number of readings: 71 - Issue (3172)
"Islands economic" mafias and the most important obstacles facing the government program Abadi


"Islands economic" mafias and the most
 important obstacles facing the government
program Abadi

BAGHDAD / Ibrahim Ibrahim

Varied opinions of experts about the government program put forward by the Prime Minister Haider

al-Abadi during his speech when he took office on the eighth of September 2014, while praised

Economists program and described it with flour and harmonious with the next phase and the possibility

to achieve on the ground, according to the five-year plan, others questioned the extent of the application of the program in the presence of considerable constraints

the most important political and partisan quotas.

The economist said Maytham coffee in an interview for the "long", that "the speech of his part economic, written by economists, since it is clear that the language
used sound, and the orientations of the economy, comfortable and show its compatibility with the Constitution, which urges a shift towards the market, It is consistent
with the requirements of the next stage, which calls for integration of new with the international community, which is another opportunity, it is imperative to invest
properly. "
He added that "the next phase, you will need to work great, especially in the aspect which relates to the reconstruction of the infrastructure of the provinces affected,
especially as they witnessed acts of war devastating affected many areas such as schools, electricity, water, roads and a lot of other facilities which is not an easy task,
and requires a number of actions, including to be thinking seriously about the allocation of part of the 2015 budget for this purpose, in addition to addressing the
social damage Kalnazhan and resettled in their places of origin. "
He stressed that "it must be the focus of a new Multi administrative decentralization, and activate the law of the provinces 21, including hurt to grant more powers
to the provinces and the disposal of the measures the central bureaucracy severe, enriched by the attempt feminine ministries of the seven included in this law and
convert it to the provinces."
He explained that "the main task of the Government of President Abadi is thinking seriously to re-activate the role of private sector investment, and focus on bringing
foreign companies to contribute to the reconstruction and development of the provinces, and this task need to be a great promotional effort and the provision of
appropriate internal structure."
"The opportunity Government Abadi favorable, while the biggest drawbacks that the current government processed, is limited powers in the hands of the government
and the prime minister pursued by the previous government, and specifically the issue of independent bodies, as the imperatives of democracy with respect to the
separation of powers requires that these bodies (justice, fairness, the central bank, human rights, BSA, etc.) is far from independent and government authorities and
to exercise its functions without any pressure. "
He stressed that "there are two things Oznhma success factors Ihspan Dr. Abadi, background scientific, which is likely to enable it to work systematically, in addition
to his experience in economic affairs, which he gained from his work for two parliamentary commissions of the Committee for the economy, this is in addition to
other indicators such as directions calling for sector support private, openness and Ajadath the English language, but each of these properties will remain hostage
to political circumstances and the security coming and Stffersh of results, especially that there are merits harsh must be addressed by the man, which requires critical
decisions may be one of the results of sacrificing the principles of economic efficiency, this as well as cons of participating governments that make it difficult to commit
to a program of work reflects the government one specific orientations. "
He said the "newly formed government characterized by political representation is clear, and did not rely on the standard of efficiency, competence, something that
came as a result of the repercussions of the crisis of Mosul and Kirkuk, and this is what can admit us in the same spiral of past failures, which is calling for the need
to find mechanisms to prevent the recurrence of such mistakes from During the fight against corruption and to find legislation encourages adjust public spending
while encouraging individual initiatives and reduce excessive dependence on employment and public money in the management of the economy. orientation to
be ministries and service and regulatory considerations of efficiency and justice that is consistent with the transition. "
He pointed to "the need to be changed a lot of those leaders that did not prove its efficiency, and that came from backgrounds partisan, but in the midst of the
consecration of sectarian distribution and national positions and recycled in the new government, the task of changing administrations moderation in the ministries
is not easy, so it will be dependent on Ministers themselves and their affiliations nationalism and sectarianism and it will be harder to Mr. Abadi hold such changes,
which means that we will devote principle (islands) Economic separate controlled by political parties and blocs. "
In turn, the economic expert said Bassem Jamil Anton in an interview for the "long", that "the government curriculum put forward by the new
Prime Minister Haider al-Abadi included six main pivots, four of which belong to the economic side of the country, which reflects the extent of development to be
achieved on the ground."
"The first axis to ensure the security side calendar which is considered the main reserve to build a strong economy is able to cope with crises and to provide welfare
for the desired simple citizen."
Anton explained that "the second axis stressed the advancement of services and deteriorating infrastructure, which includes water, sewer and building model schools
and the development of the health situation through the construction of modern hospitals and poor attention to social sectors."
He continued that "the private sector such as the main point in Abadi and put it by giving it a distinctive role in the next phase, which would contribute to easing the
burden on the great institutions of the state of service, especially in the field of electricity, which represents the backbone of the Iraqi economy."
He stressed that "the presence of the private sector and national conviction is characterized by a focus on the profitability and productivity of major building projects
operate according reform programs of the national economy so it must activate the economic laws enacted years ago, which reduced a lot of the negative routine steps."
He said the "oil sector taking an important aspect of the government program because of its great importance in sustaining economic development in general as it
represents an important resource for balancing it on the new government to exploit crude oil and developed for the purpose of the establishment of other resources
are generic and assistance to the energy sector."
He pointed out that "there is an economic mafias will work to thwart the government program to oppose the vocabulary with their projects suspicious to steal public
money so it must activate the regulatory processes to monitor economic and financial corruption that has weakened the national economy."
The Prime Minister-designate Haider al-Abadi, his government and presented to the House of Representatives for a vote, and the program included the following points.
"Plan comprehensive strategy from 15 to 2018 and affects all sectors and are formulated at the hands of experts and advisers," and "activation of decentralized
management at the administrative, economic and redraw the relationship between state institutions," and "starting a revolution management to rebuild the institutions
of the state military and security service system efficient and application e-government, "and" maximize the financial resources and the optimal use of its system and
the general budget. "
He said al-Abadi, said the plan includes "activating the principle of accountability at all levels and the separation between the positions of political, administrative and
application of the principle of equal opportunities and the dimensions of the security positions for the political sphere and the formation of the service and the shift
towards the principle of buying the service from the private sector and the adoption of consulting offices and the homes of local service and international projects."
"The expansion of the scope of social security systems and retirement", and "activate the National Development Plan 2013-2017 and implementation of national
strategies," and "cooperation and coordination with the House of Representatives in the field of legislation and oversight," and "bear arms, however, the state and
the prohibition of any armed formation
Outside the state may not be there any armed formations not a weapon outside the state. "
The Abadi said that the program will include "ensuring that the lead security forces to protect citizens and their functions innocent and" strict adherence to the
principles of human rights, including in particular the security and protection of the citizen. "
For his part, Abbas said economic expert Bahadeli in an interview for the "long", that "the obvious points in the Platform for the new government focuses on activating
economic aspects in all their diversity and the development of the private sector and the reality of what constitutes an additional imports of the state."
"The previous governments did not provide ways to lower the welfare of the Iraqi people, who are tired of rhetoric without the will of the reality of the pre-requisites
for the advancement of the country's financial and economic."
He said the former director of the Central Bureau of Statistics said that "the new Prime Minister to provide assurances that the investigator can change even more
easy than actually deteriorating, which passed out of the country over the past years."
He stressed that "the application of the minimum of the government's plan should include a wide range of changes and cadres in government and private Galat
service primitive agents ministries and heads of departments who ends Tsnoa positions by party relations and political quota system without the professionalism
and accumulated experience."
He said "there are significant barriers preventing the achievement of the government program and the most important of the new political rivalries between
warring blocs on the resources of the state and it has been demonstrated in the experience of the past ten years so we see Altksaat ministerial built by the financial
and economic Mrdodadtha without the national interest of the country."
The financial expert said the appearance of Mohammed Saleh "long", that "the government program focused on the economic platform by introducing a new
philosophy called social market, which is considered an important step in the protection of Iraq's economy."
He added that the "social market economy is to support a marginalized and poor of society, such as the unemployed, the disabled and others, and so finding scientific
solutions consistent with the next phase to provide real job opportunities outside the state institutions and lucrative salaries to the families of needy, which has
increased in recent times for several reasons."
He said a former adviser to the central bank said that "the government program submitted by the President of the House of Representatives Haider Abad RPR accuracy
in the diagnosis of the economic and financial crisis of the state and developing appropriate solutions and this is the first time that the detailed presentation of the
program of the government."
He said the "restructuring of government institutions concerned with the economic aspect in addition to lifting the productive capacity of the steps can not be achieved
without raising the obstacles real and intractable bureaucracy, the most important aspects of the state in which Ataatmashy with the economic transformation of the
Iraqi market."
He stressed that "the partners in the new Iraqi government to provide a helping hand to the Prime Minister for the advancement of all the important sectors of the state,
led by the industrial and economic development of a country because it provides well-being of all its data and eliminates most of the security crises and financial
experienced by the Iraqi citizen."
In this regard, said a senior member of the National Alliance, said that the ideas proposed by the new prime minister, Haydar al-Abadi, in its political, economic, and
basic principles that are talked about, "forms the basis of the substrate and effective in overcoming the mistakes of the past."
The Alliance MP, Ibrahim Bahr al-Ulum, in an interview for the "long", that "when the coalition vision that all appointments in the state, especially private ones, must
be subject to the approval of the House of Representatives voted by a fundamentalist," noting that "Abadi will restore all the appointments and decisions taken in the
last days of the reign of al-Maliki, to the House of Representatives for discussion and be subject to the approval or rejection. "
The Bahr al-Ulum, a leader of the mass of the citizen, of the Supreme Council of the Islamic, that the procedure is "on track to move through it from the past era with
all its faults, within the vision of useful and consistent with the Constitution, which is confirmed by al-Abadi said on Monday, part of his program of government for
four years. the next, "noting that" the most important in the next stage, is how the government will deal with its program, and how it will interact with the ministries
that program, where Snaul on cooperation between the Parliament and the Council of Ministers to bypass security and economic challenges. "
And saw a sea of ​​science, that "Deliverance from the mistakes of the era Maliki be through the ability of the National Alliance to switch to a political institution,
codifies the relationship with the prime minister, and the improvement of dealing with partners in accordance with the document of national action and translate them into reality, as well as to sustain the momentum of the work of the House of Representatives, and its ability to strike a balance between him and the executive branch and not to allow the government to expand on his account, "Bahr al-Ulum also confirms the importance of" the role of public opinion in the correction of the errors and monitor the work of the government and the House of Representatives. "
In the same context, an economist said Mohamed Abdel Latif al-Ani, the "long", "The launch of the new Prime Minister Haider Abadi, a program mostly in processors
to economic crises suffered by the country over the past years is a glimmer of hope to change the deteriorating economic reality."
He added that the "focus on the process of transition from a socialist system to a free market will contribute to the development of most sectors, especially that
represent the crumbling infrastructure, creating thousands of jobs that you need a majority of industrial sectors without the cost of recalls on the government."
He said al-Ani said "give proper importance to the private sector which is the main pillar for the development of economic reality during the next five years,
according to Abadi stressed it during his explanation of the government program."
He said the "next few months are al-Faisal in judgment on what has been implemented from the program through concrete change that will be noticed by the
ordinary citizen without reliance on slogans that dull Khosratna ten years with all its a lot of money went into the pockets of the mafia government."
Parliament passed, on the eighth of September 2014 a new government headed by Haidar al-Abadi, who ensure the application of the government according to its
five-year plan ending in 2018.
The former prime minister, Nuri al-Maliki, has taken inter decisions in the last two meetings of his government, including the appointment
of individuals close to him by proxy, at the head of independent bodies in the Directorates-sensitive, and refer others to retire, and the issuance of an order
disbursing "outside powers" as frequency circles concerned, As he returned to talk again about the exposure eliminate A to pressure by the government after a
decision to imprison former central bank governor, Sinan al-Shabibi, seven years, in the last days of the Maliki government, although the crisis raised against
Shabibi, and was ordered to arrest against him two years ago, as well as Similar rulings against the Maliki's opponents, as in the case of the former head of the
Integrity Commission, Judge Rahim.

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Lineups potential of the federal government coming


09/06/2014 13:34:00
Lineups potential of the federal government coming

Said a source familiar with the most prominent candidates for Cab government without definitively resolved names as possible and

get them to  change during the ongoing negotiations between the political blocs. 

The source for PUKmedia, on Saturday, said the cabinet reshuffle, headed by Abadi and distributed to political blocs as follows: 

Prime Minister Haider al-Abadi ----------------------------------------past Head of and Deputy Chairman of the Finance Committee. 2011

The Iraqi Parliament Speaker - Salim al-Jubouri 

Vice President Floor- Nuri al-Maliki.

Vice President Osama Najafi II.     Has contributed into looking at changing the exchange rate of the dinar!

Vice President of the Republic III Iyad Allawi.

First Deputy: Hadi al-Ameri .. National Alliance. 

Second Deputy: Saleh al-Mutlaq .. Union national forces.

MP III: Hoshyar Zebari .. Kurdish blocs.

Ministry of Foreign Affairs: Ibrahim al-Jaafari .. National Alliance.

Ministry of Defense: Qasim Dawood .. National Alliance.

Oil Ministry: Adel Abdul Mahdi .. National Alliance.

Interior Ministry: Jaber al-Jabri .. Union national forces.

Ministry of Finance: Rose Nuri Shaways..ketl Kurdistan.  -------------  He was the past Deputy Prime Minister of Economic Affairs in 2012.

The Ministry of Planning: Salman Aljamila..athad national forces.

Ministry of Education: Hussain al-Shahristani .. National Alliance.

The Ministry of Industry: Ahmed Alkrbula..athad national forces.

Ministry of Agriculture: Falah Hassan..athad national forces.

The Ministry of Environment: Koutaiba Alajabura..athad national forces.

The Ministry of Human Rights: Mohammed Xiaa..althalv National.

Ministry of Youth and Sports: Abdul Hussein Abtan .. National Alliance. ---  Was a member of the Economic Commission,
Said a member of the Committee Mahma Khalil Abdul Hussein Abtan at a news conference عقداه in the parliament building last Sunday that "we in the Economic

Commission parliamentary see that the time is appropriate to start a deletion of zeros from the currency and restructuring to support the identity of the country's

economic and benefit the people." http://www.easyenglish4u.com/central-bank-related-1

Ministry of Culture: Maysoon al .. National coalition.

The source noted that "the Ministry of Education are being contested by MPs Hassan Chuird for a coalition of national and

Muhammad Iqbal, the Union of Forces for National, and the Ministry of Transport also not yet been resolved between the blocks of

Badr and the Liberals and the citizen which is under negotiation between them."

The source confirmed that "the ministries of trade and Municipalities and Public Works and Health and the Ministry of Construction

and Housing has not been resolved and is under negotiation between the political blocs, as well as the position of First Deputy Chairman

of the House of Representatives, which was occupied by Abadi asked to form the government."

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The names of the new cabinet ministers Abadi
اسماء وزراء حكومة العبادي الجديدة
13:24
06/09/2014

 

Sources negotiate for one of the political blocs to the media about the "most prominent candidates Cab government without definitively resolved names as possible and get them to change during the ongoing negotiations between the political blocs and they are as follows:

 

Vice-President of the Republic Fuad Masum:

 

Vice President Floor- Nuri al-Maliki.

Vice President Osama Najafi II.

Vice President of the Republic III Iyad Allawi.

 

Deputy Prime Ministers:

 

First Vice - Hadi al-Amiri [It has not been decided once and for all within the National Alliance].

MP Saleh al-Mutlaq II.

MP III Hoshyar Zebari.

 

Candidates sovereign ministries of five:

 

Ministry of Foreign Ibrahim Aljla- National Alliance.

Ministry of Defence: Kasim Daoud - the National Alliance.

Oil Ministry: Adel Abdul-Mahdi - the National Alliance.

Interior Ministry: Jaber al-Jabri - National Union of Forces.

Ministry of Finance: Rose Nuri Shaways - Kurdish blocs.

 

Given the position as head of the intelligence service to the national coalition led by Allawi, provided that the officer enjoyed the experience and competence, not a political candidate or a party.

 

Service ministries:

 

The Ministry of Planning: Salman Jumaili - National Union of Forces.

Ministry of Higher Education and Scientific Research: Hussain al-Shahristani - the National Alliance.

Ministry of Education: contested by MPs Hassan Chuird for a coalition of national, and Mohammed Iqbal, the Union of Forces for National.

The Ministry of Industry: Ahmed Karbouli - National Union of Forces.

Ministry of Agriculture: Falah Hassan Zeidan - National Union of Forces.

The Ministry of Environment: Qutaiba al-Jubouri - the National Union of Forces.

Ministry Anakl..lm yet been resolved between the blocks of Badr and the Liberals and the citizen which is under negotiation between them.

The Ministry of Human Rights: Mohammed Xiaa Sudanese - the National Alliance.

Ministry of Youth and Sports: Abdul Hussein Abtan - National Alliance.

Ministry of Culture: Maysoon al - National Union of Forces.

 

The source pointed out that the negotiator "and the Ministries of Commerce and Municipalities and Public Works and Health and the Ministry of Construction and Housing has not been resolved and is under negotiation between the political blocs, as well as the position of First Deputy Chairman of the House of Representatives, which was occupied by Abadi asked to form the government." 

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Soft federation is Abadi’s best bet to keep Kurds within Iraq

There are challenges ahead of Abadi in his bid to further include the Kurds. (File Photo: Reuters)
By Dina al-Shibeeb | Al Arabiya News
Monday, 18 August 2014

Charged with the arduous task of creating an all-inclusive government, Iraqi Prime Minister-designate Haidar al-Abadi must endorse the establishment of a decentralized federal state in order to dissuade the country’s Kurds from declaring their long-sought dream of independence, analysts said.

“The Kurds want to be treated as real partners in a federal system; until now understanding the need for federalism is still wobbly,” UK-based Ghassan Attiyah, president of the Iraqi Foundation for Development and Democracy, told Al Arabiya News.

“The future of Kurdistan in Iraq all depends on the new government, the representation of Kurds within it and the nature of new coalitions,” Attiyah, who is the author of “The Making of Iraq: 1908-20,”said.

In the balance is not just the future of the Kurdish north, Attiyah said.

“If the new government formed by Abadi is not able to secure consensus then it is not just a question of the future of Kurdistan but also the future of the whole of Iraq,” he said.

A federal state, Attiyah added, would also help ensure the representation of Iraq’s Sunni population, a group that was marginalized throughout the period of outgoing Prime Minister Nouri al-Maliki's rule.

For Abadi to weaken the Islamic State of Iraq and Syria, a radical Sunni militant group that has seized significant Iraqi territories since June this year, the 62-year-old leader will need to “consider his rule as a provisional one and to ensure that the different posts in the government are given to people who are highly respected in their different regions,” Attiyah advised.

George Joffe, a research fellow at the Centre of International Studies at Cambridge University, said that although a new prime minister in Iraq was now a “fact,” the underlying policies in Baghdad had not changed and hence they would unlikely dissuade the Kurds from seeking independence.

Joffe said having a figure such as Abadi, an engineer, might create “more discussions, less tensions and a possibility to rebuild some political consensus inside Iraq but will not change Kurdish objectives.”

Will a federal state be possible?

Analysts maintain that the Kurds have currently two options: “form an independent state or maintain a role inside a decentralized state, one that would be federal in nature,” Joffe said.

Like Attiyah, Joffe said transforming Iraq into a decentralized state “would be a decision that the Shiites must accept.”

A request, heavily rejected by Maliki’s administration, and one of the earliest demands of Sunni protesters in Anbar province in 2012, was to have their own federal entity within a united Iraq.

Jay Garner, the retired U.S. army general who served as Washington’s first chief in Iraq after toppling late President Saddam Hussein in 2003, also put forward recently the argument that federalism was the key to a united Iraq.

Garner told the Guardian newspaper in an article published Friday that the best the U.S. could hope for in terms of a united Iraq was “a confederation, a federal system of Sunnis, Kurds, Shiite.”

Although U.S. Secretary of State John Kerry has been careful to stress that Kurdish leaders had assured him of their support for a strong federal government, Kurdish officials have signaled a readiness for change.

In June, Kurdistan Regional Government (KRG) President Massound Barazani’s said: “The time is now for the Kurdistan people to determine their future, and the decision of the people is what we’re going to uphold.”

Challenges

There are challenges ahead of Abadi in his bid to further include the Kurds.

“Abadi might have the right instincts but the question remains whether he will be allowed to achieve what he wants,” Attiyah said, noting some of the challenges posed by the complexity of Iraqi politics.

“There are those among the Shiites who covet the PM position for themselves and do not want Abadi to succeed. There are also those from Maliki’s State of Law coalition who want to lead the governance carriage from the backseat,” he added.

Turkey has already voiced its acceptance of Iraqi Kurds declaring their independence, with Ankara's relationship becoming much improved with the Kurdish insurgency inside its own territory.

On Saturday the jailed leader Abdullah Ocalan of the separatist Kurdistan Workers Party (PKK) made a bold statement when he said that the 30-year conflict with Turkey is coming to an end.

But regional countries and Western states still vehemently oppose an independent state for the Kurds.

On Sunday, Germany rejected the formation of an independent state by Iraq’s Kurds, who are currently battling ISIS militants with Western help.

German Foreign Minister Frank-Walter Steinmeier said “an independent Kurdish state would further destabilize the region and trigger new tensions, maybe with the neighboring Iraqi state as well,” he told the Bild newspaper in an interview this week.

The aim, he added, “was to manage to preserve Iraq’s territorial integrity.”

Joffe agrees. “Europe will have a major problem. It is at the moment wedded to the integrity of Iraq, so is the United States. Therefore accepting an independent Kurdistan could be quite difficult.”

Western countries would be in a hot spot as they have already rejected Moscow annexing Ukraine’s pro-Russina Crimea and do not want to be seen as having double standards.

“There is the wider issue, if they do that, why can’t they accept the re-integration of Crimea into Russia. That is going to be very difficult for them to accept.”

Joffe also said regional resistance would come “from Iran, the government in Baghdad though they maybe unable to stop it.”

While “Turks, Iranians and Americans will not accept the Kurds to secede, increased federalism will give Kurds their rights but declaring independence will give them more problems,” Attiyah said.

Attiyah believes that the “Kurdish economy until now is still dependent on oil, and oil is not even enough. The laborers [in Kurdistan] are mostly foreigners, the budget of Kurdistan is divided between two parties, even the Peshmerga (Kurdish forces) and its leadership are divided between two parties.”

Joffe also highlighted the external influence exerted on and the divisions between Kurdistan’s two main political parties, The Kurdistan Democratic Party, headed by Barazani, and the Patriotic Union of Kurdistan (PUK), led by former Iraqi President Jalal Talabani.

“Iran could make it very difficult for the Kurdish border to be stable, it has considerable influence in Erbil and Sulaimaniya where it has a good relationship with the PUK,” he said.

He added: “The relation between PUK and KDP is not as good as it appears on the outside and it has never been.”

“There are plenty of pressure points Iran can use to delay the declaration of independence and that is a strong possibility.”

Even if Kurds vote for “yes” in the upcoming independence referendum in late 2014 – the exact date has yet to be set – the declaration of independence by Kurdistan remains a mere speculation given the interwoven regional and international interests.
 

Last Update: Monday, 18 August 2014 KSA 15:03 - GMT 12:03
http://english.alarabiya.net/en/perspective/2014/08/18/-Soft-federation-is-Abadi-s-best-bet-to-keep-Kurds-within-Iraq.html
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Advance the nomination of the Shiite alliance delegation negotiator year .. and testing Abadi high ceiling demands
Mon Aug 18 2014 06:40 | (Voice of Iraq) - Add Comment - mass citizen denies the nomination of Bahr al-Ulum al-Zubaidi, and any position in the government anticipated
Baghdad: Hamza Mustafa

In an attempt to confirm the unity of position after the violent tremor, which suffered on the largest bloc in the Iraqi parliament called the National Alliance (the largest Shiite bloc in the Iraqi parliament) delegation negotiating with other political blocs in order to accelerate the formation of the government, which commissioned Haider Abadi formed.
A statement issued by the Office of the President of the National Alliance, Ibrahim al-Jaafari yesterday, said that the latter chaired a meeting of the leaders of the Iraqi National Alliance in the presence of al-Abadi, though «the conferees agreed to determine the mechanism of dialogue with the political parties concerned to form a ministerial cab, and focus on the analysis of candidates to fill ministerial standards of competence, integrity, The National ». The statement pointed out that «the conferees agreed on the preparation of the government program for the next phase, which take care to address the security situation, and the strategy for the eradication of corruption, and the development of the economic sector, and industrial, and investment», pointing out that «during the meeting, naming the negotiating committee, which will bear the conduct talks to form a government with the rest of the political blocs, and will start work soon ».
This is the first meeting of the National Alliance after passing crisis, the choice of prime minister-designate to form the next government after the refusal of Prime Minister outgoing Nuri al-Maliki to comply with the desire of the leaders of the coalition and the Shiite religious authorities, as well as other blocks of non-renewal of his third term. But a coalition of state law, led by al-Maliki returned again to the meetings of the coalition after the waiver Maliki, who had insisted that the coalition does not the National Alliance is the largest bloc in parliament.
While showing interest in the national coalition parties in order to accomplish extraordinary ministerial cab ahead of time her constitutionally both the Kurdistan Alliance and the Sunni Arabs have not finished after internal discussions on how to participate in the government. Observers believe Followers of significant political in Iraq that at the time keen when most of the leaders of the National Alliance to be limited to the primary task for the next government on how they can whereby ministers chosen on the basis of integrity, efficiency and technocrats, both the Kurds and the Sunnis are looking for a government program before proceeding to submit their candidates to fill various positions.
At the same time, the war began Altsriyat nomination at the level of this character or those for ministerial positions and sovereign. In this context, the citizen denied the mass of the Islamic Supreme Council headed by Ammar al-Hakim, she was nominated both leaders, Ibrahim Bahr al-Ulum for the position of Minister of Oil and Finance Baqir al-Zubaidi. Said Abu tirelessly eloquent official spokesman mass citizen in a statement yesterday, said that «mass citizen not named Ibrahim Bahr al-Ulum and Baqir al-Zubaidi any ministerial position», returned «This news completely untrue».
And on the front Sunni According to the confirmed leader of the bloc «united» and a member of its political bureau Mohammed al-Khalidi told «Middle East», the «meetings within the alliance Iraqi forces are still continuing and there are differences in views», pointing out that he «was prepared more than paper work, but we strive to be consolidated in a single worksheet ». The Khalidi, that «the most important for us is the government program that in light will examine the nature and level of our participation in the government», revealing that «the worksheet that will be communicated include two phases of the demands of the first urgent They stop the indiscriminate shelling and re-displaced and displaced and compensation, and the second phase is the fundamental issues which the establishment of the region and the establishment of forces to protect the people of the provinces and provincial grants broad powers in addition to the demands of the demonstrators ».
In context, it stressed the coalition Civic Democrats (4 seats in the Iraqi parliament) that he is working on collecting signatures for a special resolution legislation prohibits any government approval of the quotas without professional standards and efficiency. A member of parliament from the Civic Democratic Alliance sunrise Abaiji in a statement, said that «there is a claim within the decision to hand over the sites and ministries of competent people have a great deal of professionalism and impartiality and independence, as well as giving priority to the public interest and the interests of partisan and factional own».
Middle East

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National Alliance wants

Mon Aug 18 2014 07:25 | (Voice of Iraq) - Add a comment - Baghdad / Mohammad Sabah
Locked in the National Alliance, the largest number of parliamentary blocs, Marathon negotiations with other blocs to shaping the ministerial cab commissioned Haider Abadi formed. It seems that the Shiite bloc has not made ​​up its mind from "limbering Ministerial" Despite the recognition of the "bulge" the former cabinet.

And talking Ktlta state law and the reform of "agreement" on reducing the number of bags to 20, across cancel and merge some of them, in order to minimize expenses and the acceleration of decision-making within the Council of Ministers. Hakim expects to turn a block opposite and see the possibility of rising to more than 34 bag, citing the need to "involve all the winning blocs."

Contrary to state law and Reform Bloc, a coalition confirms citizen, headed by Ammar al-Hakim, said the involvement of all the blocks of winning the election will lead to the increase in the number of ministerial portfolios, which will be subject "to the points system."

He says Hassan sarees, leader of the Bloc citizen, that "the National Alliance fought, after the formation of the government mandated Abadi, three meetings with other political blocs were examined clear mechanism for the allocation of ministries to the masses."

He added sari "long" that "the National Alliance will have half plus one of the ministries in the new government, according to its size in the parliament, which more than 50%," unlikely to reduce ministries "after the participation of all the political blocs in the next government."

He predicted the leader of the Bloc citizens that "the next government will be composed of 35 ministries, including the ministries of the State", recalling that "the previous government consisted of 31 ministries have added four ministries of the state."

He revealed that the force "of the political blocs currently negotiating to provide candidates to fill the ministries for their progress to the prime minister-designate," pointing out that "the prime minister will have three deputies, as well as Vice-President of the Republic."

For their part, calls for deputies in the National Alliance for the first time at the Ministry of Defense, rather than internal, also tries to get the Ministry of Finance and a number of oil and service ministries in order to ensure a simple majority within the ministerial cab.

Said Ibtisam al-Hilali, an MP for the coalition of state law, that "the issue of feminine ministries in the new government is still in the framework of the negotiations were pending in this matter definitively."

She said Hilali's "long" that "discussions within the National Alliance as possible to reduce the lead to 20, the new ministry and the Ministry or more," asserting that "it is up for negotiation."

She drew a member of a coalition of state law that "the prime minister-designate Haider Abadi, a student, in the last meeting of the National Alliance, to reduce the number of ministries," but emphasizes that "the reduction of the new government and merge some ministries need sometimes to law Icherah the House of Representatives," but pointed out that "the government Previous threw when the number of ministries was the law in the House of Representatives. "

They expected to integrate all of the municipalities, housing, education, higher education, health and the environment ministry. And draws the member of the state law that "merging ministries and reducing the number needs to be a political consensus", and see the need to wait for the ongoing negotiations between the parties.

And on the ministries of the National Alliance, which seeks to obtain, Hilali said that "the coalition demanded the Defense Ministry instead of the Interior, and the novelties of this, in addition to the ministries of oil, finance and some service ministries."

In the context of preparations for the National Alliance to form the next government, said Ahmed Gamal, a spokesman for the block reform led by Ibrahim al-Jaafari, told the "term", that "the National Alliance called for the negotiating committee at its last meeting and actress of all mass to consult with the rest of the blocks to form a government."

He believed that "the involvement of all components of the National Alliance in negotiations to form a government will accelerate the formation of the constitutional periods."

The spokesman confirms mass-Jaafari said that "the leaders of the coalition agreed with the prime minister-designate on limbering the government to reduce the burden on the budget and address the situation of the Bulge in the institutions of the state."

And cites "the existence of a number of ministries, which is no longer needed her for the existence of bodies and government institutions carry out its tasks, like the Office of Human Rights, which play the role of the Ministry of Human Rights," and shows that "the ministries of many similar in its terms of reference could be incorporated into the Ministry including the Ministry of Education and Agriculture and Water Resources, Industry and Science and technology. " He said that "the integration of these ministries and feminine replace some discussions within the National Alliance."

The spokesman stresses that the reform bloc "limbering government will reduce the members of the Council of Ministers," and expressed hopes for the National Alliance, "not to exceed the number of members of the 22-member Council of Ministers in order to accelerate decision-making within the Council and promotes harmony among the ministers."

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